The COPE On-line Program for the Prevention of Depression and Anxiety in College Freshmen: Post-intervention Findings

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308225
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The COPE On-line Program for the Prevention of Depression and Anxiety in College Freshmen: Post-intervention Findings
Author(s):
Hoying, Jacqueline; Bowersox, Kristen; Szalacha, Laura; Taylor, Tiffany; Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek; Amaya, Megan E
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Epsilon
Author Details:
Jacqueline Hoying, MS, RN, NEA-BC, watercutter.12@buckeyemail.osu.edu; Kristen Bowersox, BS, RN; Laura Szalacha, EdD; Tiffany Taylor, RN, CPNP; Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, PhD, RN, CPNP/PMHNP, FNAP, FAAN; Megan E Amaya, PhD
Abstract:

Session presented on: Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Purpose: The rise of depression and anxiety disorders in college students necessitates the development and testing of theory-based intervention programs. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to describe the effects of an on-line cognitive behavioral skills building intervention program entitled COPE (Creating Opportunities for Personal Empowerment) on depression and anxiety in 121 freshman college students.

Methods: A randomized controlled pilot trial was conducted with 121 freshmen college students enrolled in a required one credit survey course their first semester of college. The COPE program is a 7-session cognitive behavioral skills building intervention, which was integrated into a one credit required freshen survey course. The attention control program was the required freshmen survey course without COPE. Main outcomes included depression and anxiety symptoms as measured with the Patient Heath Questionnaire-9 and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 questionnaire.

Results.  Those students with moderate to severe anxiety in the COPE group reported significantly better coping mechanisms post-intervention. In addition, those students with none to mild depressive symptoms in the treatment group reported significantly better coping mechanisms post-intervention. Further, the greater number of on-line sessions that the freshmen in the COPE group completed, the less depression and anxiety symptoms reported.

Conclusion. Cognitive-behavioral skills building interventions delivered routinely to college freshmen as a preventive intervention may enhance coping and lessen depressive and anxiety symptoms.

Keywords:
Randomized controlled trial; College Freshmen; COPE
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe COPE On-line Program for the Prevention of Depression and Anxiety in College Freshmen: Post-intervention Findingsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorHoying, Jacquelineen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBowersox, Kristenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSzalacha, Lauraen_GB
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Tiffanyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMelnyk, Bernadette Mazureken_GB
dc.contributor.authorAmaya, Megan Een_GB
dc.contributor.departmentEpsilonen_GB
dc.author.detailsJacqueline Hoying, MS, RN, NEA-BC, watercutter.12@buckeyemail.osu.edu; Kristen Bowersox, BS, RN; Laura Szalacha, EdD; Tiffany Taylor, RN, CPNP; Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, PhD, RN, CPNP/PMHNP, FNAP, FAAN; Megan E Amaya, PhDen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308225-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Tuesday, November 19, 2013</p>Purpose: The rise of depression and anxiety disorders in college students necessitates the development and testing of theory-based intervention programs. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to describe the effects of an on-line cognitive behavioral skills building intervention program entitled COPE (Creating Opportunities for Personal Empowerment) on depression and anxiety in 121 freshman college students. <p>Methods: A randomized controlled pilot trial was conducted with 121 freshmen college students enrolled in a required one credit survey course their first semester of college. The COPE program is a 7-session cognitive behavioral skills building intervention, which was integrated into a one credit required freshen survey course. The attention control program was the required freshmen survey course without COPE. Main outcomes included depression and anxiety symptoms as measured with the Patient Heath Questionnaire-9 and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 questionnaire. <p>Results.  Those students with moderate to severe anxiety in the COPE group reported significantly better coping mechanisms post-intervention. In addition, those students with none to mild depressive symptoms in the treatment group reported significantly better coping mechanisms post-intervention. Further, the greater number of on-line sessions that the freshmen in the COPE group completed, the less depression and anxiety symptoms reported. <p>Conclusion. Cognitive-behavioral skills building interventions delivered routinely to college freshmen as a preventive intervention may enhance coping and lessen depressive and anxiety symptoms.en_GB
dc.subjectRandomized controlled trialen_GB
dc.subjectCollege Freshmenen_GB
dc.subjectCOPEen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:28:32Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:28:32Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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