Physiologic and Sociobehavioral Mechanisms for Cognitive Impairments and Dementia: A Focus on Hyperglycemia

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308269
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Physiologic and Sociobehavioral Mechanisms for Cognitive Impairments and Dementia: A Focus on Hyperglycemia
Author(s):
Talley, Michele H.; Liebeskind, David; Wadley, Virginia G.; Alexandrov, Anne Wojner; Vance, David E.; Pryor, Erica; Alexandrov, Andrei
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
N/A
Author Details:
Michele H. Talley, MSN, ACNP-BC, talleym@uab.edu; David Liebeskind, MD, FAHA, FAAN; Virginia G. Wadley, Ph.D.; Anne Wojner Alexandrov, PhD, RN, CCRN, FAAN; David E. Vance, PhD, MGS; Erica Pryor, PhD, RN; Andrei Alexandrov, MD
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Sunday, November 17, 2013, Saturday, November 16, 2013

If present trends remain, by 2050 approximately 16 million Americans will acquire Alzheimer’s disease. An even greater percentage of the population will experience a milder form of dementia, known as cognitive impairment. Determining modifiable risk factors for mild and severe cognitive impairment is of the utmost urgency. In order to develop the state of the science related to risk factors or physiologic hypotheses related to cognitive impairment, this paper will review the studies available to evaluate the physiologic and sociobehavioral mechanisms for dementia. The University of Alabama Lister Hill Library was used to search the PUBMED and CINAHL databases for controlled studies performed in the last 10 years on adults.  Many studies have been performed to determine the risk factors associated with cognitive impairment. Both acute and chronic hyperglycemia has been noted to have significant associations with cognitive impairment. Additionally, age and duration of diabetes have been noted to contribute to earlier and steeper cognitive impairment. In addition, many physiologic mechanisms were explored to assist in identifying interventions for providers to consider in avoiding early cognitive impairment or its progression.
Keywords:
physiologic factors; hyperglycemia; dementia
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePhysiologic and Sociobehavioral Mechanisms for Cognitive Impairments and Dementia: A Focus on Hyperglycemiaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorTalley, Michele H.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorLiebeskind, Daviden_GB
dc.contributor.authorWadley, Virginia G.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorAlexandrov, Anne Wojneren_GB
dc.contributor.authorVance, David E.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorPryor, Ericaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAlexandrov, Andreien_GB
dc.contributor.departmentN/Aen_GB
dc.author.detailsMichele H. Talley, MSN, ACNP-BC, talleym@uab.edu; David Liebeskind, MD, FAHA, FAAN; Virginia G. Wadley, Ph.D.; Anne Wojner Alexandrov, PhD, RN, CCRN, FAAN; David E. Vance, PhD, MGS; Erica Pryor, PhD, RN; Andrei Alexandrov, MDen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308269-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Sunday, November 17, 2013, Saturday, November 16, 2013</p>If present trends remain, by 2050 approximately 16 million Americans will acquire Alzheimer’s disease. An even greater percentage of the population will experience a milder form of dementia, known as cognitive impairment. Determining modifiable risk factors for mild and severe cognitive impairment is of the utmost urgency. In order to develop the state of the science related to risk factors or physiologic hypotheses related to cognitive impairment, this paper will review the studies available to evaluate the physiologic and sociobehavioral mechanisms for dementia. The University of Alabama Lister Hill Library was used to search the PUBMED and CINAHL databases for controlled studies performed in the last 10 years on adults.  Many studies have been performed to determine the risk factors associated with cognitive impairment. Both acute and chronic hyperglycemia has been noted to have significant associations with cognitive impairment. Additionally, age and duration of diabetes have been noted to contribute to earlier and steeper cognitive impairment. In addition, many physiologic mechanisms were explored to assist in identifying interventions for providers to consider in avoiding early cognitive impairment or its progression.en_GB
dc.subjectphysiologic factorsen_GB
dc.subjecthyperglycemiaen_GB
dc.subjectdementiaen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:29:06Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:29:06Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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