Development of a data collection tool characterizing state focus on the prevention of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) in nursing homes

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308281
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Development of a data collection tool characterizing state focus on the prevention of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) in nursing homes
Author(s):
Cohen, Catherine Crawford
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Alpha Zeta
Author Details:
Catherine Crawford Cohen, BSN, RN, chc2144@columbia.edu
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Saturday, November 16, 2013, Sunday, November 17, 2013

Background: As states implement public policies to limit the burden of HAI in NH, both content and timing of these policies are inconsistent between states. Characterizing ways that state departments of health (DOH) attempt to reduce HAI in NH is important to interpret the effects of these activities.

 Methods: Content validity was assured through input from leading experts in the field who identified general elements that characterize state focus on HAI in NH. Elements were refined through iterative examination of the types and breadth of infection prevention activities in NH implemented by 20 state DOH, as described on the internet. Websites of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC), Medicare and others linked to the DOH sites were examined to determine that all relevant data were captured. A protocol for data collection and operational definitions of relevant terms was developed. Two independent raters piloted the tool in two states to establish reliability. Where there was disagreement, definitions and interpretations of tool items were discussed with a third independent reviewer.

 Results: The tool contains 16 items regarding state focus on HAI prevention in NH. State DOH activities include 1) publicizing information directed at consumers intended to increase accountability of and competition between NH, including HAI reporting, and NH inspection reports 2) offering surveyor training for NH inspections and 3) providing information for NH providers to prevent HAI and monitor progress in HAI reduction. The presence of activities within these categories is recorded as “yes”, “no information available on website” or “other” to allow quantitative analysis as well as qualitative descriptions of the activity and webpages.

 Conclusions: This data collection tool allows comparison of activities through consistent data collection and ensures meaningful characterization of state focus on HAI reduction in NH.

Keywords:
Healthcare-associated infection; health policy; nursing home
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDevelopment of a data collection tool characterizing state focus on the prevention of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) in nursing homesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCohen, Catherine Crawforden_GB
dc.contributor.departmentAlpha Zetaen_GB
dc.author.detailsCatherine Crawford Cohen, BSN, RN, chc2144@columbia.eduen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308281-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Saturday, November 16, 2013, Sunday, November 17, 2013</p>Background: As states implement public policies to limit the burden of HAI in NH, both content and timing of these policies are inconsistent between states. Characterizing ways that state departments of health (DOH) attempt to reduce HAI in NH is important to interpret the effects of these activities. <p> Methods: Content validity was assured through input from leading experts in the field who identified general elements that characterize state focus on HAI in NH. Elements were refined through iterative examination of the types and breadth of infection prevention activities in NH implemented by 20 state DOH, as described on the internet. Websites of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC), Medicare and others linked to the DOH sites were examined to determine that all relevant data were captured. A protocol for data collection and operational definitions of relevant terms was developed. Two independent raters piloted the tool in two states to establish reliability. Where there was disagreement, definitions and interpretations of tool items were discussed with a third independent reviewer. <p> Results: The tool contains 16 items regarding state focus on HAI prevention in NH. State DOH activities include 1) publicizing information directed at consumers intended to increase accountability of and competition between NH, including HAI reporting, and NH inspection reports 2) offering surveyor training for NH inspections and 3) providing information for NH providers to prevent HAI and monitor progress in HAI reduction. The presence of activities within these categories is recorded as “yes”, “no information available on website” or “other” to allow quantitative analysis as well as qualitative descriptions of the activity and webpages. <p> Conclusions: This data collection tool allows comparison of activities through consistent data collection and ensures meaningful characterization of state focus on HAI reduction in NH.en_GB
dc.subjectHealthcare-associated infectionen_GB
dc.subjecthealth policyen_GB
dc.subjectnursing homeen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:29:16Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:29:16Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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