Children Draw And Tell: Insights from a Study of Stress in the Hospital

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308287
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Children Draw And Tell: Insights from a Study of Stress in the Hospital
Author(s):
Wechter, Susan M.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Phi Eta
Author Details:
Susan M. Wechter, PhDc, RN, PPCNP-BC, SWechter@salud.unm.edu
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Saturday, November 16, 2013, Sunday, November 17, 2013

Specific Aims/Background: The purpose of this study is to explore the perceptions of stress for the hospitalized school-age child, age 7-9 years, through a draw and tell technique. Over 3 million children are hospitalized every year and 42% of these children are 6 years of age and older (1). Since the 1960’s, it has been well-known that hospitalization can be an extremely traumatic and stressful experience for children (2) and elicits feelings of fear, uncertainty, insecurity, pain and discomfort affecting a child’s healing, behavior and health outcomes (3). The psychosocial impact of hospitalization has not been remedied, and not fully explored from a child’s perspective. Given the current complex technological nature of hospital environments it is critical to resume the study of children in a hospital setting. This study is sensitized to the theoretical frameworks of Magnusson's (4) Developmental Science, Vessey's (5) Child's Psychosocial Responses to Hospitalization; and Kolcaba’s (6) modified Comfort Theory.

Methods: Data is collected through a child-centered ‘draw and tell’ technique (7) eliciting the child’s views of their hospitalization experience. An interpreted child drawing is recognized as a powerful communication tool that promotes rapport building, emotional expression and empowerment of the child research participant (8). Interpretive description framework is applied (9). A constant comparison method is utilized with repeated immersion and thoughtful clinical tests, as data collection and analysis occur simultaneously.

Results: The results of this study are interpreted themes regarding children’s perceptions of stress during hospitalization. Exploring the meaning of stress for the hospitalized child and what they perceive as remedies to this stress, leads to congruent nursing care and psychosocial support of the child in the hospital.

Implications: Discovering the meaning of stress from a child’s voice launches a research trajectory addressing the remedies of the psychosocial trauma for this population.

Keywords:
Research; Pediatric; Qualitative
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleChildren Draw And Tell: Insights from a Study of Stress in the Hospitalen_GB
dc.contributor.authorWechter, Susan M.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentPhi Etaen_GB
dc.author.detailsSusan M. Wechter, PhDc, RN, PPCNP-BC, SWechter@salud.unm.eduen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308287-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Saturday, November 16, 2013, Sunday, November 17, 2013</p><strong>Specific Aims/Background: </strong>The purpose of this study is to explore the perceptions of stress for the hospitalized school-age child, age 7-9 years, through a draw and tell technique.<b> </b>Over 3 million children are hospitalized every year and 42% of these children are 6 years of age and older (1). Since the 1960’s, it has been well-known that hospitalization can be an extremely traumatic and stressful experience for children (2) and elicits feelings of fear, uncertainty, insecurity, pain and discomfort affecting a child’s healing, behavior and health outcomes (3). The psychosocial impact of hospitalization has not been remedied, and not fully explored from a child’s perspective. Given the current complex technological nature of hospital environments it is critical to resume the study of children in a hospital setting. This study is sensitized to the theoretical frameworks of Magnusson's (4) Developmental Science, Vessey's (5) Child's Psychosocial Responses to Hospitalization; and Kolcaba’s (6) modified Comfort Theory. <p><b>Methods: </b>Data is collected through a child-centered ‘draw and tell’ technique (7) eliciting the child’s views of their hospitalization experience. An interpreted child drawing is recognized as a powerful communication tool that promotes rapport building, emotional expression and empowerment of the child research participant (8). Interpretive description framework is applied (9). A constant comparison method is utilized with repeated immersion and thoughtful clinical tests, as data collection and analysis occur simultaneously. <p><b>Results: </b>The results of this study are interpreted themes regarding children’s perceptions of stress during hospitalization. Exploring the meaning of stress for the hospitalized child and what they perceive as remedies to this stress, leads to congruent nursing care and psychosocial support of the child in the hospital. <p><b>Implications: </b>Discovering the meaning of stress from a child’s voice launches a research trajectory addressing the remedies of the psychosocial trauma for this population.en_GB
dc.subjectResearchen_GB
dc.subjectPediatricen_GB
dc.subjectQualitativeen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:29:21Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:29:21Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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