Nutrition and Health Related Outcomes in Patients on Hemodialysis

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308316
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Nutrition and Health Related Outcomes in Patients on Hemodialysis
Author(s):
Daniel, Shawona C.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
N/A
Author Details:
Shawona C. Daniel, RN, MSN, CRNP, shawona@uab.edu
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Sunday, November 17, 2013, Saturday, November 16, 2013

Background:  In the United States, more than 26 million American adults have chronic kidney disease which leads to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), accounting for thousands of deaths.  A disparate number of African Americans have ESRD and require hemodialysis. Little data are available to improve our understanding of the relationship between nutritional status, quality of life, and depression in individuals receiving hemodialysis. 

Purpose: The purpose of the proposed study is to determine the relationship between nutritional and selected health-related outcomes in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis. 

Approach: A cross-sectional exploratory, correlational research design will be implemented to better understand relationships between nutritional status and health-related outcomes in individuals undergoing hemodialysis.  Hemodialysis patients will be recruited from four dialysis facilities in the tri-county area of Montgomery, Alabama which serve a high percentage of African Americans with chronic illnesses.

Analysis:  Correlational analyses and general linear models will be utilized to address the study aims.  Correlational bivariate and multivariate analyses will be employed to address the hypotheses and research question. Common Pearson correlation coefficients will be estimated and tested between the outcomes (HRQOL and depression)  and each of the nutritional status indicators and patient & disease characteristics. Correlation coefficients will be computed between the reported dietary protein intake and albumin and nPCR, respectively.

Significance: The proposed study is the fundamental step for acquiring a broader understanding of the relationships between nutritional status and health-related outcomes in patients with ESRD receiving hemodialysis.  These findings will form a basis for exploring the potential to improve quality of life, improve nutritional assessment, and reduce morbidity among ESRD patients through the development of interventions to improve kidney disease-associated patient outcomes. This project will also contribute to the understanding of the larger cultural values and health disparities among ESRD patients receiving hemodialysis.

Keywords:
Hemodialysis; Quality of Life; Nutrition
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleNutrition and Health Related Outcomes in Patients on Hemodialysisen_GB
dc.contributor.authorDaniel, Shawona C.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentN/Aen_GB
dc.author.detailsShawona C. Daniel, RN, MSN, CRNP, shawona@uab.eduen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308316-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Sunday, November 17, 2013, Saturday, November 16, 2013</p><b>Background</b>:  In the United States, more than 26 million American adults have chronic kidney disease which leads to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), accounting for thousands of deaths.  A disparate number of African Americans have ESRD and require hemodialysis. Little data are available to improve our understanding of the relationship between nutritional status, quality of life, and depression in individuals receiving hemodialysis.  <p><b>Purpose</b>: The purpose of the proposed study is to determine the relationship between nutritional and selected health-related outcomes in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis.  <p><b>Approach</b>: A cross-sectional exploratory, correlational research design will be implemented to better understand relationships between nutritional status and health-related outcomes in individuals undergoing hemodialysis.  Hemodialysis patients will be recruited from four dialysis facilities in the tri-county area of Montgomery, Alabama which serve a high percentage of African Americans with chronic illnesses. <p><b>Analysis</b>:  Correlational analyses and general linear models will be utilized to address the study aims.  Correlational bivariate and multivariate analyses will be employed to address the hypotheses and research question. Common Pearson correlation coefficients will be estimated and tested between the outcomes (HRQOL and depression)  and each of the nutritional status indicators and patient & disease characteristics. Correlation coefficients will be computed between the reported dietary protein intake and albumin and nPCR, respectively. <p><b>Significance</b>: The proposed study is the fundamental step for acquiring a broader understanding of the relationships between nutritional status and health-related outcomes in patients with ESRD receiving hemodialysis.  These findings will form a basis for exploring the potential to improve quality of life, improve nutritional assessment, and reduce morbidity among ESRD patients through the development of interventions to improve kidney disease-associated patient outcomes. This project will also contribute to the understanding of the larger cultural values and health disparities among ESRD patients receiving hemodialysis.en_GB
dc.subjectHemodialysisen_GB
dc.subjectQuality of Lifeen_GB
dc.subjectNutritionen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:29:43Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:29:43Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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