Supporting Underserved Pregnant Women through the Stages of Change to Promote Smoking Abstinence

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308366
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Supporting Underserved Pregnant Women through the Stages of Change to Promote Smoking Abstinence
Author(s):
Kessler, Theresa A.; Arena, Nicole; Alverson, Elise M.; DeYoung, Michelle
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Theresa A. Kessler, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, CNE, terry.kessler@valpo.edu; Nicole Arena, BSN Student; Elise M. Alverson, DNP, RN, FNP-BC, CNE; Michelle DeYoung, BSN, student
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Sunday, November 17, 2013, Saturday, November 16, 2013

Despite efforts to warn women about the hazards of smoking, underserved pregnant women continue to smoke. Approximately 13% of women in the U.S. reported smoking during pregnancy (CDC, 2012). The purpose of this pilot study was to assess smoking behaviors and support smoking abstinence in underserved pregnant women. Using a longitudinal design, women were recruited from a community prenatal center. Interventions were developed based on the Transtheoretical model and were designed to support the subjects’ movement along the stages of change. Subjects willing to quit were given a smoking abstinence “quit kit”. For subjects not contemplating smoking abstinence, information about the harmful effects of smoking was distributed to encourage movement towards quitting. Subjects who were smoking were followed throughout their pregnancy and up to one year after delivery. Subjects (N = 135) ranged in age from 18 to 41. 71% were single, and 63% had household incomes < $20,000 per year. Subjects were primarily African American (40%). 56% had previously smoked, and 35% were self-identified as current smokers. For those women continuing to smoke (n = 28), 6 were not considering quitting (pre-contemplation), 15 intended to quit (contemplation), and 5 had an action plan (preparation). Six weeks post-delivery (n = 12), one woman quit smoking and the others were intending to quit. Six months post-delivery (n = 7), two women quit smoking and the remaining smokers were intending to quit. One year post-delivery (n = 9), one woman quit smoking, and of the remaining smokers only six intended to quit. The smoking abstinence strategy led to minimal changes in smoking behaviors. Results will add to the growing body of evidence about smoking patterns of underserved pregnant women and factors that may influence smoking abstinence.
Keywords:
smoking abstinence; pregnant women; underserved
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSupporting Underserved Pregnant Women through the Stages of Change to Promote Smoking Abstinenceen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKessler, Theresa A.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorArena, Nicoleen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAlverson, Elise M.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorDeYoung, Michelleen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsTheresa A. Kessler, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, CNE, terry.kessler@valpo.edu; Nicole Arena, BSN Student; Elise M. Alverson, DNP, RN, FNP-BC, CNE; Michelle DeYoung, BSN, studenten_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308366-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Sunday, November 17, 2013, Saturday, November 16, 2013</p>Despite efforts to warn women about the hazards of smoking, underserved pregnant women continue to smoke. Approximately 13% of women in the U.S. reported smoking during pregnancy (CDC, 2012). The purpose of this pilot study was to assess smoking behaviors and support smoking abstinence in underserved pregnant women. Using a longitudinal design, women were recruited from a community prenatal center. Interventions were developed based on the Transtheoretical model and were designed to support the subjects’ movement along the stages of change. Subjects willing to quit were given a smoking abstinence “quit kit”. For subjects not contemplating smoking abstinence, information about the harmful effects of smoking was distributed to encourage movement towards quitting. Subjects who were smoking were followed throughout their pregnancy and up to one year after delivery. Subjects (<i>N</i> = 135) ranged in age from<b> </b>18 to 41. 71% were single, and 63% had household incomes < $20,000 per year. Subjects were primarily African American (40%). 56% had previously smoked, and 35% were self-identified as current smokers. For those women continuing to smoke (<i>n </i>= 28), 6 were not considering quitting (pre-contemplation), 15 intended to quit (contemplation), and 5 had an action plan (preparation). Six weeks post-delivery (<i>n</i> = 12), one woman quit smoking and the others were intending to quit. Six months post-delivery (<i>n</i> = 7), two women quit smoking and the remaining smokers were intending to quit. One year post-delivery (<i>n</i> = 9), one woman quit smoking, and of the remaining smokers only six intended to quit. The smoking abstinence strategy led to minimal changes in smoking behaviors. Results will add to the growing body of evidence about smoking patterns of underserved pregnant women and factors that may influence smoking abstinence.en_GB
dc.subjectsmoking abstinenceen_GB
dc.subjectpregnant womenen_GB
dc.subjectunderserveden_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:30:23Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:30:23Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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