Comparison of Relative and Non-Relative Adoptive Parent Health Outcomes

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308444
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Comparison of Relative and Non-Relative Adoptive Parent Health Outcomes
Author(s):
Foli, Karen J.; Sands, Laura; Lim, Eunjung
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Lambda Sigma
Author Details:
Karen J. Foli, MSN, PhD, RN, kfoli@purdue.edu; Laura Sands, B.A., M.A., PhD; Eunjung Lim, B.S, M.Ed, M.S., PhD
Abstract:

Poster presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013, Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Background: Approximately 2.8 million grandparents are responsible for their own grandchildren under 18 years of age. However, little is known about differences between relative and non-relative parents, who have legally adopted their child(ren), and parental outcomes. 

Objectives: The research questions were: 1) Are there differences in demographic characteristics, child’s behaviors, parental expectations, and postadoption services between relative and non-relative adoptive parents?; and 2) Are differences between relative and non-relative adoptive parents related to parental outcomes (physical and mental/emotional health)? 

Methods: The National Survey of Adoptive parents (NSAP) data set was used to investigate the research questions. The NSAP sample is nationally representative of adopted children in the U.S., ages 0-17, excluding step-parents (N = 2,068; relative parents: n=469; non-relative parents: n= 1,599).

Results: Findings revealed that children adopted by relatives were more likely to have been abused/neglected prior to adoption, and exposed to drugs/alcohol prior to birth; yet relative adoptive parents were less likely to have used more than usual health-related services for children of the same age, nor discussed post-adoption services with agency workers. With the exception of mothers’ emotional health with child younger than 6 years, parental outcomes did not differ between those who were related to the child and those that were not. In general, demographic variables (work status, income), ability to cope with the demands of parenting, the parent/child relationship (happiness, affection), parental perceptions of the child’s behaviors (obedience) and self-image were related to parental outcomes; significant variables differed across parental role and age of child.

Conclusions: The lack of differences in parental outcomes based on relative status may not be entirely unexpected given that the (legal) finalization of the adoption by parents signifies permanence to the family. Further investigations to elucidate parental and child variables related to parental physical and emotional health are needed.

Keywords:
outcomes research; parents; adoption
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleComparison of Relative and Non-Relative Adoptive Parent Health Outcomesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFoli, Karen J.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorSands, Lauraen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLim, Eunjungen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentLambda Sigmaen_GB
dc.author.detailsKaren J. Foli, MSN, PhD, RN, kfoli@purdue.edu; Laura Sands, B.A., M.A., PhD; Eunjung Lim, B.S, M.Ed, M.S., PhDen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308444-
dc.description.abstract<p>Poster presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013, Tuesday, November 19, 2013</p><em>Background:</em> Approximately 2.8 million grandparents are responsible for their own grandchildren under 18 years of age. However, little is known about differences between relative and non-relative parents, who have legally adopted their child(ren), and parental outcomes.  <p>Objectives: The research questions were: 1) Are there differences in demographic characteristics, child’s behaviors, parental expectations, and postadoption services between relative and non-relative adoptive parents?; and 2) Are differences between relative and non-relative adoptive parents related to parental outcomes (physical and mental/emotional health)?  <b></b><p><em>Methods: </em>The National Survey of Adoptive parents (NSAP) data set was used to investigate the research questions. The NSAP sample is nationally representative of adopted children in the U.S., ages 0-17, excluding step-parents (N = 2,068; relative parents: n=469; non-relative parents: n= 1,599). <p><em>Results: Findings revealed that children adopted by relatives were </em>more likely to have been abused/neglected prior to adoption, and exposed to drugs/alcohol prior to birth; yet relative adoptive parents were less likely to have used more than usual health-related services for children of the same age, nor discussed post-adoption services with agency workers. With the exception of mothers’ emotional health with child younger than 6 years, parental outcomes did not differ between those who were related to the child and those that were not. In general, demographic variables (work status, income), ability to cope with the demands of parenting, the parent/child relationship (happiness, affection), parental perceptions of the child’s behaviors (obedience) and self-image were related to parental outcomes; significant variables differed across parental role and age of child. <p><em>Conclusions:</em> The lack of differences in parental outcomes based on relative status may not be entirely unexpected given that the (legal) finalization of the adoption by parents signifies permanence to the family. Further investigations to elucidate parental and child variables related to parental physical and emotional health are needed.en_GB
dc.subjectoutcomes researchen_GB
dc.subjectparentsen_GB
dc.subjectadoptionen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:31:26Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:31:26Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item based on this abstract, you may find it by browsing the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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