The Workforce Distribution and Changes in Nurse Practitioners' Practice within the Mississippi River Delta States

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308527
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Workforce Distribution and Changes in Nurse Practitioners' Practice within the Mississippi River Delta States
Author(s):
Kippenbrock, Thomas; Odell, Ellen
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Thomas Kippenbrock, EdD, RN, tkippen@uark.edu; Ellen Odell, DNP
Abstract:

Session presented on: Saturday, November 16, 2013

The U.S. southern region is one of the poorest, socioeconomically deprived, and isolated areas in the country.  Furthermore, healthcare outcomes such as cardiovascular deaths, cancer deaths, and diabetes are some of the highest in the county.  The workforce development system was the conceptual model used in the study.  This strategic planning model focuses on identifying change strategies/processes and outcome indicators.   Job seeking activities are dependent on demands for the occupation and supply of education, suppliers, and community resources.   Job seeker and employer activities include recruitment, assessment, education, placement, retention, and advancement.  The research design used was a non-experimental quantitative survey technique.  The same questionnaire was administered to nurse practitioners (NP) in 2000 and 2010.  Other data sources included the Health Resources and Services Administration which identified health professional shortage areas and data from the U.S. Census Bureau was used to distinguish urban and rural areas.  The findings were that approximately 25% of NPs worked in shortage areas both in 2000 and in 2010.  Although more than half of NPs worked in the rural area, this proportion has remained blatantly steady over the past decade.  Employment in rural health centers and family practice as a specialty declined.  There was not a significant change in the racial diversity of NPs.  Racial diversity continues to be almost non-existent within the NP population.  This study provides evidence that NPs are well-positioned to meet the growing demands for primary care services in the lower Mississippi River Delta states.  Health care administrators should enable NPs to positively impact healthcare outcomes through high quality and lower cost primary care, especially in rural and underserved areas where it is difficult to recruit physicians. NPs need to practice at the full extent of their licensure in the Delta states, as recently recommended by the IOM (2010).
Keywords:
nurse practitioners; workforce; rural health
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Workforce Distribution and Changes in Nurse Practitioners' Practice within the Mississippi River Delta Statesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKippenbrock, Thomasen_GB
dc.contributor.authorOdell, Ellenen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsThomas Kippenbrock, EdD, RN, tkippen@uark.edu; Ellen Odell, DNPen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308527-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Saturday, November 16, 2013</p>The U.S. southern region is one of the poorest, socioeconomically deprived, and isolated areas in the country.  Furthermore, healthcare outcomes such as cardiovascular deaths, cancer deaths, and diabetes are some of the highest in the county.  The workforce development system was the conceptual model used in the study.  This strategic planning model focuses on identifying change strategies/processes and outcome indicators.   Job seeking activities are dependent on demands for the occupation and supply of education, suppliers, and community resources.   Job seeker and employer activities include recruitment, assessment, education, placement, retention, and advancement.  The research design used was a non-experimental quantitative survey technique.  The same questionnaire was administered to nurse practitioners (NP) in 2000 and 2010.  Other data sources included the Health Resources and Services Administration which identified health professional shortage areas and data from the U.S. Census Bureau was used to distinguish urban and rural areas.  The findings were that approximately 25% of NPs worked in shortage areas both in 2000 and in 2010.  Although more than half of NPs worked in the rural area, this proportion has remained blatantly steady over the past decade.  Employment in rural health centers and family practice as a specialty declined.  There was not a significant change in the racial diversity of NPs.  Racial diversity continues to be almost non-existent within the NP population.  This study provides evidence that NPs are well-positioned to meet the growing demands for primary care services in the lower Mississippi River Delta states.  Health care administrators should enable NPs to positively impact healthcare outcomes through high quality and lower cost primary care, especially in rural and underserved areas where it is difficult to recruit physicians. NPs need to practice at the full extent of their licensure in the Delta states, as recently recommended by the IOM (2010).en_GB
dc.subjectnurse practitionersen_GB
dc.subjectworkforceen_GB
dc.subjectrural healthen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:32:31Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:32:31Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
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