Implementation of Harm Reduction Activities Among a Formerly Homeless Population with Chronic Alcoholism

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308529
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Implementation of Harm Reduction Activities Among a Formerly Homeless Population with Chronic Alcoholism
Author(s):
Brown, Cindy Ringhofer
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Theta Xi
Author Details:
Cindy Ringhofer Brown, DNP, MPH, MS, RN, RD, cbrown2@css.edu
Abstract:

Session presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013

Abstinence-based alcohol abuse treatment approaches result in high attrition and low success rates.  Additionally, homeless populations with chronic alcoholism have unique needs not traditionally addressed in current treatment approaches.  A harm reduction approach offers an alternative treatment for this population.  The purpose of this project was to provide tailored harm reduction activities for 30 formerly homeless individuals with chronic alcoholism in order to reduce risk or harmful consequences related to their alcohol abuse as measured by reductions in (a) emergency room (ER) visits, (b) law enforcement contacts, and (c) alcohol detoxification facility admissions.  An improvement in resident individual functioning was an additional outcome.  Residents living in a housing facility operating under harm reduction principles were provided with a variety of harm reduction activities over a three-month period.  Examples of activities and offerings included crafts, gardening, walking group, field trips, aromatherapy, guided imagery, and stress management.  Residents completed weekly Outcome Rating Scale (ORS) surveys and monthly sobriety calendars.  The number of activities, variety of activities, and resident participation in activities were increased as a result of the project.  While no significant reductions in law enforcement contacts and detoxification facility admissions were realized, there was a 52% reduction in ER visits.  Sixty percent of ORS participants (n=10) who had the potential to achieve both a reliable and clinically significant positive change in their individual function, achieved this change.  This project was successful in significantly improving overall well-being for six residents and in reducing ER visits for participating residents.
Keywords:
homeless population; alcoholism; harm reduction
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleImplementation of Harm Reduction Activities Among a Formerly Homeless Population with Chronic Alcoholismen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Cindy Ringhoferen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentTheta Xien_GB
dc.author.detailsCindy Ringhofer Brown, DNP, MPH, MS, RN, RD, cbrown2@css.eduen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308529-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013</p>Abstinence-based alcohol abuse treatment approaches result in high attrition and low success rates.  Additionally, homeless populations with chronic alcoholism have unique needs not traditionally addressed in current treatment approaches.  A harm reduction approach offers an alternative treatment for this population.  The purpose of this project was to provide tailored harm reduction activities for 30 formerly homeless individuals with chronic alcoholism in order to reduce risk or harmful consequences related to their alcohol abuse as measured by reductions in (a) emergency room (ER) visits, (b) law enforcement contacts, and (c) alcohol detoxification facility admissions.  An improvement in resident individual functioning was an additional outcome.  Residents living in a housing facility operating under harm reduction principles were provided with a variety of harm reduction activities over a three-month period.  Examples of activities and offerings included crafts, gardening, walking group, field trips, aromatherapy, guided imagery, and stress management.  Residents completed weekly Outcome Rating Scale (ORS) surveys and monthly sobriety calendars.  The number of activities, variety of activities, and resident participation in activities were increased as a result of the project.  While no significant reductions in law enforcement contacts and detoxification facility admissions were realized, there was a 52% reduction in ER visits.  Sixty percent of ORS participants (<i>n</i>=10) who had the potential to achieve both a reliable and clinically significant positive change in their individual function, achieved this change.  This project was successful in significantly improving overall well-being for six residents and in reducing ER visits for participating residents.en_GB
dc.subjecthomeless populationen_GB
dc.subjectalcoholismen_GB
dc.subjectharm reductionen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:32:32Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:32:32Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
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