2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308565
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Interpretation of Medication Labels
Author(s):
Pepa, Carole A.; Jankauski, Katherine; Salinas, Lily; O'Reilly, Brittany; Czekala, Emily; Sechrist, Jennifer; Lemley, Constance
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Carole A. Pepa, PhD, RN, Carole.Pepa@valpo.edu; Katherine Jankauski, Student; Lily Salinas, Student; Brittany O'Reilly, Student; Emily Czekala, Student; Jennifer Sechrist, Student; Constance Lemley, MSN, GCNS-BC
Abstract:

Session presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013

Problem: More than 75 million adults in the U.S. have limited health literacy (AHRQ, 2011). This can impact a person’s ability to correctly interpret medication labels, which can have an effect on health outcomes.

Purpose: The purpose of this research was to determine the readability of common medication labels. Specifically, the research questions were: (1) How do individuals interpret medication container labels of commonly prescribed medications, and (2) Is there a relationship between medication label interpretation and level of health literacy as measured by the REALM (Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy)?

Method: Participants were recruited from two arenas: those attending a student run health fair at a rural hospital in northern Indiana and participants at a Relay for Life held at a local northwest Indiana university. After providing consent, participants completed demographic information and the REALM. Participants then blindly chose three medication containers from a bag. These containers were labeled amoxicillin, plavix, glyburide, coumadin, or lisinopril. The labels were prepared by a registered pharmacist and affixed to standard medication containers. Participants then interpreted the information on the medication labels.

Sample: A convenience sample of 21 participants agreed to complete the information.  Ages ranged from 18 to 89 years with a median age of 20 years. Seventeen of the participants were women. Education levels varied from 10th grade to Master’s degree.

Findings:  Content analysis revealed that respondents were unable to correctly interpret instructions on four of the five medication containers.  In addition, several participants added incorrect information not on the labels. The analysis showed that there was no relationship between medication label interpretation and REALM scores.

Conclusions/Significance to Nursing: Findings support that nurses should have all clients restate medication directions and warnings. This assessment of understanding may increase a client’s ability to adhere to the medication regimen and improve outcomes.

Keywords:
health literacy; readability; medication errors
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleInterpretation of Medication Labelsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPepa, Carole A.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorJankauski, Katherineen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSalinas, Lilyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorO'Reilly, Brittanyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCzekala, Emilyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSechrist, Jenniferen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLemley, Constanceen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsCarole A. Pepa, PhD, RN, Carole.Pepa@valpo.edu; Katherine Jankauski, Student; Lily Salinas, Student; Brittany O'Reilly, Student; Emily Czekala, Student; Jennifer Sechrist, Student; Constance Lemley, MSN, GCNS-BCen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308565-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013</p><b>Problem: </b>More than 75 million adults in the U.S. have limited health literacy (AHRQ, 2011). This can impact a person’s ability to correctly interpret medication labels, which can have an effect on health outcomes. <p><b>Purpose: </b>The purpose of this research was to determine the readability of common medication labels. Specifically, the research questions were: (1) How do individuals interpret medication container labels of commonly prescribed medications, and (2) Is there a relationship between medication label interpretation and level of health literacy as measured by the REALM (Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy)? <p><b>Method: </b>Participants were recruited from two arenas: those attending a student run health fair at a rural hospital in northern Indiana and participants at a Relay for Life held at a local northwest Indiana university. After providing consent, participants completed demographic information and the REALM. Participants then blindly chose three medication containers from a bag. These containers were labeled amoxicillin, plavix, glyburide, coumadin, or lisinopril. The labels were prepared by a registered pharmacist and affixed to standard medication containers. Participants then interpreted the information on the medication labels. <p><b>Sample: </b>A convenience sample of 21 participants agreed to complete the information.  Ages ranged from 18 to 89 years with a median age of 20 years. Seventeen of the participants were women. Education levels varied from 10<sup>th</sup> grade to Master’s degree. <p><b>Findings:  </b>Content analysis revealed that respondents were unable to correctly interpret instructions on four of the five medication containers.  In addition, several participants added incorrect information not on the labels. The analysis showed that there was no relationship between medication label interpretation and REALM scores. <p><b>Conclusions/Significance to Nursing: </b>Findings support that nurses should have all clients restate medication directions and warnings. This assessment of understanding may increase a client’s ability to adhere to the medication regimen and improve outcomes.en_GB
dc.subjecthealth literacyen_GB
dc.subjectreadabilityen_GB
dc.subjectmedication errorsen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:32:59Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:32:59Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
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