2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308573
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Causal Model of Depression in Black Single Mothers
Author(s):
Atkins, Rahshida L
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Alpha Tau
Author Details:
Rahshida L Atkins, MS, rahshida.atkins@rutgers.edu
Abstract:

Session presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013

A Causal Model of Depression in Black Single Mothers

             The purpose of this study was to develop and test a theory of depression via causal

modeling.  The resultant over-identified causal model included the exogenous variables of

perceived racism and perceived stress and the endogenous variables of anger, self-esteem, and

depression.  This research also tested the direct and indirect effects of ten hypothesized

relationships according to the pattern of causation specified in the model.

            The final sample consisted of 208 Black single mothers in the community, aged 18 to 45,

who met the inclusion/exclusion criteria for the study.  The participants responded to The

Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, The

Perceived Stress Scale, The Spielberger State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory, and The

Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Questionnaire Community Version Brief.

             The over-identified recursive causal model was tested using the LISREL 9.1

computer program.  Maximum likelihood chi-square estimation was used to determine the

overall fit of the model with the data, along with a variety of fit indices.  Beta and gamma path

coefficients were examined for their direct and indirect effects for ten hypothesized relationships.  

              The findings indicated that there was an excellent fit of the hypothesized model with

the data  (X2(1, N = 208) = .05, p = .82).  The chi-square was not statistically significant and the

probability was large.  The fit indices for the model were excellent.  Beta and Gamma path

coefficients were statistically significant for 9 out of 10 hypothesized relationships within the

model (p < .001 to p <.05).  The relationship between self-esteem and depression was not

supported (p > .05).  Future studies should examine theoretical outcomes of depression in Black

single mothers and interventions aimed at reducing symptoms of depression in Black single

mothers.  Implications for nursing are addressed.

Keywords:
causal model; depression; single mothers
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Causal Model of Depression in Black Single Mothersen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAtkins, Rahshida Len_GB
dc.contributor.departmentAlpha Tauen_GB
dc.author.detailsRahshida L Atkins, MS, rahshida.atkins@rutgers.eduen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308573-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013</p><b>A Causal Model of Depression in Black Single Mothers</b><p>             The purpose of this study was to develop and test a theory of depression via causal <p>modeling.  The resultant over-identified causal model included the exogenous variables of <p>perceived racism and perceived stress and the endogenous variables of anger, self-esteem, and <p>depression.  This research also tested the direct and indirect effects of ten hypothesized <p>relationships according to the pattern of causation specified in the model. <p>            The final sample consisted of 208 Black single mothers in the community, aged 18 to 45, <p>who met the inclusion/exclusion criteria for the study.  The participants responded to The <p>Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, The <p>Perceived Stress Scale, The Spielberger State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory, and The <p>Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Questionnaire Community Version Brief. <p>             The over-identified recursive causal model was tested using the LISREL 9.1 <p>computer program.  Maximum likelihood chi-square estimation was used to determine the <p>overall fit of the model with the data, along with a variety of fit indices.  Beta and gamma path <p>coefficients were examined for their direct and indirect effects for ten hypothesized relationships.   <p>              The findings indicated that there was an excellent fit of the hypothesized model with <p>the data  (<i>X</i><sup>2</sup>(1, N = 208) = .05, <i>p </i>= .82).  The chi-square was not statistically significant and the <p>probability was large.  The fit indices for the model were excellent.  Beta and Gamma path <p>coefficients were statistically significant for 9 out of 10 hypothesized relationships within the <p>model (<i>p </i>< .001 to <i>p</i> <.05).  The relationship between self-esteem and depression was not <p>supported (<i>p </i>> .05).  Future studies should examine theoretical outcomes of depression in Black <p>single mothers and interventions aimed at reducing symptoms of depression in Black single <p>mothers.  Implications for nursing are addressed.en_GB
dc.subjectcausal modelen_GB
dc.subjectdepressionen_GB
dc.subjectsingle mothersen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:33:05Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:33:05Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
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