Demographic Differences in Health Promoting Behaviors among Military Spouses

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308619
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Demographic Differences in Health Promoting Behaviors among Military Spouses
Author(s):
Agazio, Janice B. Griffin; Posey, Sheena M.; Padden, Diane; Stewart, Della W.; Steele, Nancy M.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Janice B. Griffin Agazio, RN, PhD, CPNP, FAANP (LTC, Ret, USA), agazio@cua.edu; Sheena M. Posey, MS, BS; Diane Padden, PhD, CRNP, FAANP; Della W. Stewart, PhD, RNC, MEd, MSN, BS, ADN; Nancy M. Steele, PhD, RNC, WHNP, MSN, BS, AND
Abstract:

Session presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013

Introduction:  Health behaviors and preventative actions have a significant influence on health status and reduce the risk of many health conditions and chronic diseases. Military service members and their families experience challenges similar to the general population in terms of improving overall health despite universal access to care. Additionally, they face challenges that are unique to military life that influence their participation in health promoting behaviors.

Purpose: The overall purpose of this research was to determine factors influencing participation in health promoting behaviors in military spouses. A secondary purpose was to explore socio-demographic differences and health promoting behaviors among military spouses, which is the focus of this presentation.

Methodology: Pender’s Health Promotion Model provided the theoretical framework to guide this cross-sectional, descriptive correlational study.  Eight hundred and seven female spouses of active duty military personnel completed an online survey consisting of the Perceived Health Competence Scale, Personal Resource Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile II and a demographic questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics, independent sample t-tests, and one-way ANOVA.

Results: Significant differences were found between age groups, BMI category, ethnicity, education level and rank groups. Military spouses within normal weight scored higher on overall health promoting lifestyle (F (3, 798) = 13.44, p = .001) than overweight and obese spouses. Caucasian spouses scored significantly higher than Hispanic spouses (F (5, 801) = 3.66, p = .003). Spouses with some college scored significantly lower than spouses with an undergraduate degree (F (4, 801) = 4.18, p= .002).

Discussion/Conclusion: Multiple differences were identified among demographic characteristics and participation in health promoting behaviors.  These findings will be beneficial in identification of at-risk groups and targeted educational efforts by health care providers to increase participation in a healthy lifestyle in this unique population.

Keywords:
Spouses; Health Behaviors; Military
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDemographic Differences in Health Promoting Behaviors among Military Spousesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAgazio, Janice B. Griffinen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPosey, Sheena M.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorPadden, Dianeen_GB
dc.contributor.authorStewart, Della W.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorSteele, Nancy M.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsJanice B. Griffin Agazio, RN, PhD, CPNP, FAANP (LTC, Ret, USA), agazio@cua.edu; Sheena M. Posey, MS, BS; Diane Padden, PhD, CRNP, FAANP; Della W. Stewart, PhD, RNC, MEd, MSN, BS, ADN; Nancy M. Steele, PhD, RNC, WHNP, MSN, BS, ANDen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308619-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013</p><b>Introduction: </b> Health behaviors and preventative actions have a significant influence on health status and reduce the risk of many health conditions and chronic diseases. Military service members and their families experience challenges similar to the general population in terms of improving overall health despite universal access to care. Additionally, they face challenges that are unique to military life that influence their participation in health promoting behaviors. <p><b>Purpose: </b>The overall purpose of this research was to determine factors influencing participation in health promoting behaviors in military spouses. A secondary purpose was to explore socio-demographic differences and health promoting behaviors among military spouses, which is the focus of this presentation. <p><b>Methodology: </b>Pender’s Health Promotion Model provided the theoretical framework to guide this cross-sectional, descriptive correlational study.  Eight hundred and seven female spouses of active duty military personnel completed an online survey consisting of the Perceived Health Competence Scale, Personal Resource Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile II and a demographic questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics, independent sample t-tests, and one-way ANOVA. <p><b>Results</b>: Significant differences were found between age groups, BMI category, ethnicity, education level and rank groups. Military spouses within normal weight scored higher on overall health promoting lifestyle (F (3, 798) = 13.44, <i>p</i> = .001) than overweight and obese spouses. Caucasian spouses scored significantly higher than Hispanic spouses (F (5, 801) = 3.66, <i>p</i> = .003). Spouses with some college scored significantly lower than spouses with an undergraduate degree (F (4, 801) = 4.18, <i>p</i>= .002). <p><b>Discussion/Conclusion</b>: Multiple differences were identified among demographic characteristics and participation in health promoting behaviors.  These findings will be beneficial in identification of at-risk groups and targeted educational efforts by health care providers to increase participation in a healthy lifestyle in this unique population.en_GB
dc.subjectSpousesen_GB
dc.subjectHealth Behaviorsen_GB
dc.subjectMilitaryen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:33:41Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:33:41Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
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