Staff Developed Infection Prevention Program Increases Antimicrobial Stewardship and Deceases Hospital Acquired Infection Rates

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308642
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Staff Developed Infection Prevention Program Increases Antimicrobial Stewardship and Deceases Hospital Acquired Infection Rates
Author(s):
Abusalem, Said K.; Alkariri, Naeem; Aljeesh, Yousef; Alaloul, Fawwaz
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Said K. Abusalem, PhD, RN, skabus01@louisville.edu; Naeem Alkariri, MSN, RN; Yousef Aljeesh, PhD, RN; Fawwaz Alaloul, PhD, RN
Abstract:

Session presented on: Tuesday, November 19, 2013

The burden of Hospital Associated Infections (HAIs) in intensive care units is extremely high and cannot be overemphasized, with more than one third of all HAIs being acquired in intensive care units.  This study firstly aimed to involving the health care team in identifying causes of HAIs and antibiotic use, then involving the health care team in developing activities and interventions to improve the quality of health care in the intensive care unit (ICU) at Ranteesy Pediatric Hospital (RPH). The research team then evaluated the effectiveness of these interventions. 

The study design is Quasi experimental (pre and post-test), all the staff who worked in the intensive care unit were involved in this study.  The three phases of the project: assessing the preexisting stage, development and implementation of the interventions, and evaluating its effectiveness after 12 months. The researchers used many quality assessment tools to help identifying, collecting, displaying, monitoring, and improving the quality of health care.  These tools are Brainstorming, self-administered questionnaire, check list, flow charts, fish bone analysis, Pareto chart, trend chart, and run chart. 

Result revealed that lack of knowledge; supervision and experience were the mostly perceived causes of HAI in the ICU.  Post intervention tests showed statistical significant improvement and a decrease in the rate of HAIs in comparison to the pre-test, and the mean of positive cultures (blood, sputum, urine, wounds or CSF) decreased from 76% to 42%, used of antibiotics vials per week decreased from 130 to 92 vials, and the average hospital stay days from (8-10) to (5-8).  The study findings supported the need for health educational programs about infection control and prevention, and monitoring staff performance at RPH ICU in order to reduce the rate of HAIs and antibiotic use.

Keywords:
HAI prevention; Interdisciplianary prevention program; quality improvement pediatric ICU
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleStaff Developed Infection Prevention Program Increases Antimicrobial Stewardship and Deceases Hospital Acquired Infection Ratesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAbusalem, Said K.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorAlkariri, Naeemen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAljeesh, Yousefen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAlaloul, Fawwazen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsSaid K. Abusalem, PhD, RN, skabus01@louisville.edu; Naeem Alkariri, MSN, RN; Yousef Aljeesh, PhD, RN; Fawwaz Alaloul, PhD, RNen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308642-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Tuesday, November 19, 2013</p>The burden of Hospital Associated Infections (HAIs) in intensive care units is extremely high and cannot be overemphasized, with more than one third of all HAIs being acquired in intensive care units.  This study firstly aimed to involving the health care team in identifying causes of HAIs and antibiotic use, then involving the health care team in developing activities and interventions to improve the quality of health care in the intensive care unit (ICU) at Ranteesy Pediatric Hospital (RPH). The research team then evaluated the effectiveness of these interventions.  <p>The study design is Quasi experimental (pre and post-test), all the staff who worked in the intensive care unit were involved in this study.  The three phases of the project: assessing the preexisting stage, development and implementation of the interventions, and evaluating its effectiveness after 12 months. The researchers used many quality assessment tools to help identifying, collecting, displaying, monitoring, and improving the quality of health care.  These tools are Brainstorming, self-administered questionnaire, check list, flow charts, fish bone analysis, Pareto chart, trend chart, and run chart.  <p>Result revealed that lack of knowledge; supervision and experience were the mostly perceived causes of HAI in the ICU.  Post intervention tests showed statistical significant improvement and a decrease in the rate of HAIs in comparison to the pre-test, and the mean of positive cultures (blood, sputum, urine, wounds or CSF) decreased from 76% to 42%, used of antibiotics vials per week decreased from 130 to 92 vials, and the average hospital stay days from (8-10) to (5-8).  The study findings supported the need for health educational programs about infection control and prevention, and monitoring staff performance at RPH ICU in order to reduce the rate of HAIs and antibiotic use.en_GB
dc.subjectHAI preventionen_GB
dc.subjectInterdisciplianary prevention programen_GB
dc.subjectquality improvement pediatric ICUen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:33:59Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:33:59Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
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