SEPA: Adaptation of an HIV Prevention Intervention for Middle Age and Young Chilean Women

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Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308654
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
SEPA: Adaptation of an HIV Prevention Intervention for Middle Age and Young Chilean Women
Author(s):
Cianelli, Rosina; Peragallo, Nilda (Nena); Ferrer, Lilian; Villegas, Natalia
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Beta
Author Details:
Rosina Cianelli, PhD, MPH, RN, FAAN, rcianelli@miami.edu; Nilda (Nena) Peragallo, DrPH, RN, FAAN; Lilian Ferrer, PhD, MSN, RN; Natalia Villegas, PhD, MSN, RN
Abstract:

Session presented on: Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Background: AIDS continues to be one of the most devastating pandemics worldwide. The last UNAIDS report indicated that in 2010, 33.3 million people were living with HIV of which 2.6 million were new cases. Nearly half of all persons living with HIV today are women.  In Chile, the rapid rise in HIV cases among women is particularly alarming. Between 1986 and 1990, the ratio of males to females living with HIV was 7:1, but the ratio recently dropped to 3.6:1.Currently 15% of all persons living with HIV in Chile are female

Purpose: To describe the impact of the adaptation of SEPA, an HIV prevention intervention, among Chilean middle age and young women on: HIV related knowledge,  behavioral skills, and behaviors.

Methods: A quasi experimental design was used to test the adapted intervention with 400 Chilean middle age women (182 control and 218 intervention) and a pre and post design was used to test the adapted intervention with 40 Chilean young   women.  Data was collected using closed-ended items for assessing a) socio-demographic factors, b) HIV-related knowledge, c) attitudes (attitude to people living with HIV, perceived barriers to condom use, self-efficacy for HIV prevention behaviors, HIV reduction behavioral intentions, d) HIV risk reduction behaviors (partner communication and condom use)

Results: Postintervention, Chilean middle age women in the intervention group had higher HIV-related knowledge, more positive attitudes toward people living with HIV, fewer perceived condom use barriers, greater self-efficacy, higher HIV reduction behavioral intentions

Postintervention, Chilean young women had higher STI and HIV related Knowledge, higher attitudes toward the use of condoms , greater perceived self-efficacy for HIV prevention and lower sexual risk taking with uncommitted partners.

Conclusions: SEPA intervention offered a model for reducing HIV for women in Chile and other Latin American countries.

Keywords:
Chile; HIV; Prevention
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSEPA: Adaptation of an HIV Prevention Intervention for Middle Age and Young Chilean Womenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCianelli, Rosinaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPeragallo, Nilda (Nena)en_GB
dc.contributor.authorFerrer, Lilianen_GB
dc.contributor.authorVillegas, Nataliaen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentBetaen_GB
dc.author.detailsRosina Cianelli, PhD, MPH, RN, FAAN, rcianelli@miami.edu; Nilda (Nena) Peragallo, DrPH, RN, FAAN; Lilian Ferrer, PhD, MSN, RN; Natalia Villegas, PhD, MSN, RNen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308654-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Tuesday, November 19, 2013</p><b>Background</b>: AIDS continues to be one of the most devastating pandemics worldwide. The last UNAIDS report indicated that in 2010, 33.3 million people were living with HIV of which 2.6 million were new cases. Nearly half of all persons living with HIV today are women.  In Chile, the rapid rise in HIV cases among women is particularly alarming. Between 1986 and 1990, the ratio of males to females living with HIV was 7:1, but the ratio recently dropped to 3.6:1.Currently 15% of all persons living with HIV in Chile are female <p><b>Purpose</b>: To describe the impact of the adaptation of SEPA, an HIV prevention intervention, among Chilean middle age and young women on: HIV related knowledge,  behavioral skills, and behaviors. <p><b>Methods</b>: A quasi experimental design was used to test the adapted intervention with 400 Chilean middle age women (182 control and 218 intervention) and a pre and post design was used to test the adapted intervention with 40 Chilean young   women.  Data was collected using closed-ended items for assessing a) socio-demographic factors, b) HIV-related knowledge, c) attitudes (attitude to people living with HIV, perceived barriers to condom use, self-efficacy for HIV prevention behaviors, HIV reduction behavioral intentions, d) HIV risk reduction behaviors (partner communication and condom use) <p><b>Results</b>: Postintervention, Chilean middle age women in the intervention group had higher HIV-related knowledge, more positive attitudes toward people living with HIV, fewer perceived condom use barriers, greater self-efficacy, higher HIV reduction behavioral intentions <p>Postintervention, Chilean young women had higher STI and HIV related Knowledge, higher attitudes toward the use of condoms , greater perceived self-efficacy for HIV prevention and lower sexual risk taking with uncommitted partners. <p><b>Conclusions:</b><i> </i>SEPA intervention offered a model for reducing HIV for women in Chile and other Latin American countries.en_GB
dc.subjectChileen_GB
dc.subjectHIVen_GB
dc.subjectPreventionen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:34:09Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:34:09Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
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