The Effect of an Educational Intervention in Women with Gestational Diabetes: A Pilot Study

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308674
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Effect of an Educational Intervention in Women with Gestational Diabetes: A Pilot Study
Author(s):
Amason, Janeen S; Aduddell, Kathie A.; Hewell, Sandra; Lee, Shih-Yu
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Mu Phi
Author Details:
Janeen S Amason, MSN, RN, jamason1@kennesaw.edu; Kathie Aduddell, EdD, MSN, RN; Sandra Hewell, PhD, MN, WHNP-BC; Shih-Yu Lee, PhD, RNC
Abstract:

Session presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013

     Women with gestational diabetes (GD) are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes (DM) after delivery compared to those without GD.  Numerous studies in the general population have identified that adoption of healthy lifestyles can prevent DM; however limited research has focused on women with GD.  The purpose of this randomized pilot study was to determine the effectiveness of an educational intervention of SUGAR (Start Understanding Gestational Diabetes and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes), on women’s perceived risk of developing DM, knowledge of DM, self-efficacy to adopt healthy lifestyle behaviors and adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors after childbirth among women with GD.

     A total of 23 women (mean age of 29.7 +3.9), 18 in SUGAR group and 5 in control group (CG) completed self-reported six standardized questionnaires at baseline (third trimester) and post-test (postpartum 6-8 weeks).  Intervention was given post the baseline data collection with a booster session at 2-4 weeks postpartum.  The women in CG received attention control treatment.  

     Study participants were obese (BMI M=33.1, SD=7.7) and a majority had a family history of DM.  Findings showed that self-efficacy was the single significant predictor and accounted for 22% of the variance of healthy lifestyle behaviors.  Participants had a clinical significant sleep disturbance during both pregnancy and postpartum.  At baseline, poor sleepers reported a lower self-efficacy.  The intervention significantly increased DM knowledge for women in the SUGAR group; however, not for perceived risk, self-efficacy or healthy lifestyle behaviors.  There was no difference between groups for postpartum glucose screening rates with only 39% receiving recommended testing.

     Future research needs to focus on prevention programs and center on self-efficacy, postpartum glucose screening, improve sleep, and adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors. To ensure a better preventive care for GD women, education provided for both patients and health care provider is needed.

Keywords:
Educational Intervention; Gestational Diabetes; Type 2 Diabetes
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Effect of an Educational Intervention in Women with Gestational Diabetes: A Pilot Studyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAmason, Janeen Sen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAduddell, Kathie A.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorHewell, Sandraen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLee, Shih-Yuen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentMu Phien_GB
dc.author.detailsJaneen S Amason, MSN, RN, jamason1@kennesaw.edu; Kathie Aduddell, EdD, MSN, RN; Sandra Hewell, PhD, MN, WHNP-BC; Shih-Yu Lee, PhD, RNCen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308674-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013</p><p>     Women with gestational diabetes (GD) are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes (DM) after delivery compared to those without GD.  Numerous studies in the general population have identified that adoption of healthy lifestyles can prevent DM; however limited research has focused on women with GD.  The purpose of this randomized pilot study was to determine the effectiveness of an educational intervention of SUGAR (Start Understanding Gestational Diabetes and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes), on women’s perceived risk of developing DM, knowledge of DM, self-efficacy to adopt healthy lifestyle behaviors and adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors after childbirth among women with GD. <p>     A total of 23 women (mean age of 29.7 +3.9), 18 in SUGAR group and 5 in control group (CG) completed self-reported six standardized questionnaires at baseline (third trimester) and post-test (postpartum 6-8 weeks).  Intervention was given post the baseline data collection with a booster session at 2-4 weeks postpartum.  The women in CG received attention control treatment.   <p>     Study participants were obese (BMI M=33.1, SD=7.7) and a majority had a family history of DM.  Findings showed that self-efficacy was the single significant predictor and accounted for 22% of the variance of healthy lifestyle behaviors.  Participants had a clinical significant sleep disturbance during both pregnancy and postpartum.  At baseline, poor sleepers reported a lower self-efficacy.  The intervention significantly increased DM knowledge for women in the SUGAR group; however, not for perceived risk, self-efficacy or healthy lifestyle behaviors.  There was no difference between groups for postpartum glucose screening rates with only 39% receiving recommended testing. <p>     Future research needs to focus on prevention programs and center on self-efficacy, postpartum glucose screening, improve sleep, and adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors. To ensure a better preventive care for GD women, education provided for both patients and health care provider is needed.en_GB
dc.subjectEducational Interventionen_GB
dc.subjectGestational Diabetesen_GB
dc.subjectType 2 Diabetesen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:34:36Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:34:36Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
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