Relationships among depressive symptoms, spiritual well-being, and quality of life in primary liver cancer patients in Korea

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/308698
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Relationships among depressive symptoms, spiritual well-being, and quality of life in primary liver cancer patients in Korea
Author(s):
Lee, Eunsuk; Fitzpatrick, Joyce J.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Alpha Mu
Author Details:
Eunsuk Lee, PhD, RN, elee26@kent.edu; Joyce J. Fitzpatrick, PhD, RN, FAAN
Abstract:

Session presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013

Primary liver cancer is the most common type of solid tumors affecting young to middle-aged individuals and the second leading cause of death in Korea. However, very little research has been conducted. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships among depressive symptoms, spiritual well-being, and quality of life in primary liver cancer patients. A cross-sectional design was utilized and 96 patients were consecutively recruited. As for the theoretical framework, Fitzpatrick’s Live Perspective Rhythm Model was utilized.

To measure the study variables, the CES-D Scale for depressive symptoms (Cronbach’s α=.80), the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (Cronbach’s α=.89) for spiritual well-being, and the SF-12 (Cronbach’s α=.89) for QOL were used.

In conclusion, there were significant negative correlations: between depressive symptoms and spiritual well-being; between depressive symptoms and QOL-PCS (physical component summary); between depressive symptoms and QOL-MCS (mental component summary). There were significant positive correlations: between spiritual well-being and QOL-PCS; between spiritual well-being and QOL-MCS. In the QOL-PCS regression equation, spiritual well-being was the strongest predictor. In the QOL-MCS regression equation, the strongest predictor was depressive symptoms; spiritual well-being served as a moderator.

Based on the findings, the patients who showed critical spiritual distress or serious depressive symptoms and who needed immediate medical attention were referred to their doctors for further assessment. Findings from the analyses were important in capturing more detailed insight into the research models and in identifying areas of needed intervention for the vulnerable populations. The history of nursing highlights the compassionate care for dying patients using holistic approaches and postulates that human caring exists beyond the possibility of cure. Given the high vulnerability of the liver cancer patients, findings from this study may guide others to a wide range of possibilities for future nursing research, practice, and education.

Keywords:
Quality of life; Spiritual well-being; Depressive symptoms
Repository Posting Date:
19-Dec-2013
Date of Publication:
19-Dec-2013
Conference Date:
2013
Conference Name:
42nd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Description:
42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriott

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleRelationships among depressive symptoms, spiritual well-being, and quality of life in primary liver cancer patients in Koreaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLee, Eunsuken_GB
dc.contributor.authorFitzpatrick, Joyce J.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentAlpha Muen_GB
dc.author.detailsEunsuk Lee, PhD, RN, elee26@kent.edu; Joyce J. Fitzpatrick, PhD, RN, FAANen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/308698-
dc.description.abstract<p>Session presented on: Monday, November 18, 2013</p>Primary liver cancer is the most common type of solid tumors affecting young to middle-aged individuals and the second leading cause of death in Korea. However, very little research has been conducted. The purpose of this study is to explore the relationships among depressive symptoms, spiritual well-being, and quality of life in primary liver cancer patients. A cross-sectional design was utilized and 96 patients were consecutively recruited. As for the theoretical framework, Fitzpatrick’s Live Perspective Rhythm Model was utilized. <p>To measure the study variables, the CES-D Scale for depressive symptoms (Cronbach’s α=.80), the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (Cronbach’s α=.89) for spiritual well-being, and the SF-12 (Cronbach’s α=.89) for QOL were used. <p>In conclusion, there were significant negative correlations: between depressive symptoms and spiritual well-being; between depressive symptoms and QOL-PCS (physical component summary); between depressive symptoms and QOL-MCS (mental component summary). There were significant positive correlations: between spiritual well-being and QOL-PCS; between spiritual well-being and QOL-MCS. In the QOL-PCS regression equation, spiritual well-being was the strongest predictor. In the QOL-MCS regression equation, the strongest predictor was depressive symptoms; spiritual well-being served as a moderator. <p>Based on the findings, the patients who showed critical spiritual distress or serious depressive symptoms and who needed immediate medical attention were referred to their doctors for further assessment. Findings from the analyses were important in capturing more detailed insight into the research models and in identifying areas of needed intervention for the vulnerable populations. The history of nursing highlights the compassionate care for dying patients using holistic approaches and postulates that human caring exists beyond the possibility of cure. Given the high vulnerability of the liver cancer patients, findings from this study may guide others to a wide range of possibilities for future nursing research, practice, and education.en_GB
dc.subjectQuality of lifeen_GB
dc.subjectSpiritual well-beingen_GB
dc.subjectDepressive symptomsen_GB
dc.date.available2013-12-19T17:34:54Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-19-
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-19T17:34:54Z-
dc.conference.date2013en_GB
dc.conference.name42nd Biennial Conventionen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationIndianapolis, Indiana, USAen_GB
dc.description42nd Biennial Convention 2013 Theme: Give Back to Move Forward. Held at the JW Marriotten_GB
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