The Intensity of pain experienced by respondents given intramuscular (IM) injection with/without skin tapping technique

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/312899
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Research Study
Level of Evidence:
Cross-Sectional Study
Research Approach:
Other
Title:
The Intensity of pain experienced by respondents given intramuscular (IM) injection with/without skin tapping technique
Author(s):
Lakhani, Rita; Chacko, Mini; Ghatge, Shimon; Jadhav, Sharmila; M.K., Soumya; Patkar, Supriya; Patil, Vinod
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Rita Lakhani,M.Sc Nursing,Reader/ Associate Professor, Fortis Institute of Nursing, Bangalore, India, e-mail: ritalakhani2010@gmail.com
Abstract:

Statement of the problem:

A study to evaluate the intensity of pain experienced by respondents given intramuscular (IM) injection with/without skin tapping technique in a selected hospital in Mumbai.

 

The purpose of this study was to describe and evaluate the effect of skin tapping technique on pain perception in respondents receiving IM injection Penidura 12 lacs IU.  The effect was analysed by comparing the pain level of the respondents with and without skin tapping technique.

Specific Objectives:

v   TO COMPARE THE PAIN LEVEL OF ADULT CLIENTS PRIOR TO AND IMMEDIATELY AFTER RECEIVING INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION.

 

v   TO EVALUATE THE PAIN LEVEL OF THE ADULT CLIENTS  RECEIVING INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION  WITH AND WITHOUT SKIN TAPPING TECHNIQUE. 

.

v   TO COMPARE THE PAIN LEVEL OF THE PATIENTS  WITH SELECTED VARIABLES-AGE, GENDER, BMI, EDUCATION, SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, DURATION (IN YEARS) OF RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE (RHD).

 

 

 

An evaluative approach was used to collect the data for the study and thereby conducting a study . The sample consisted of thirty respondents with Rheumatic Heart Disease who had come to the Cardiology OPD during the data collection period. The respondents were selected on a non-probability convenience basis, as per the criteria laid down for the study.

Technique and tool:

The interview technique was used to elicit the personal and medical data of the respondents. Pain being subjective in nature, self reporting technique was used for assessing the pain intensity of the respondents before and after receiving IM injection Penidura 12 lacs IU.

 

Tool 1 :- Structured Interview schedule which comprised of :

  • Identification data to elicit the personal information of the respondents including their medical history.

 

Tool 2 :-    Pain assessment chart comprised of a combined numerical, descriptive, and visual pain rating scale. The numerical pain intensity assessment scale was a pain rating scale from a measurement of 0-10. Each numerical was tagged with a visual and a word description that best described the number on the pain scale.

 

Pain was assessed in the respondents on two occasions ie.-

  • Assessment of pain before the procedure of IM injection Penidura 12 lacs IU.
  • Assessment of pain within one minute of giving IM injection Penidura 12 lacs IU.

 

v   IDENTIFICATION  DATA :-

Majority of the respondents belonged to the age group of 20-40 years.They were educated upto primary level, and had a body mass index ranging from 18.5 to 24.9 (indicating normal weight) in both the control and the experimental groups. Representation of male respondents was 40%  and that  of female respondents  was 60% in both the control and experimental groups. All the respondents suffered from Rheumatic Heart Disease as their primary problem, with a duration of 2-9 years in both the groups. Majority of the respondents were housewives, professionals and non-professionals and earned a monthly income of Rs. 10,000/- and less in both the groups.  In both the groups Inj. Penidura test dose of 0.1ml was given intradermally, prior to administering the full dose.

 

v   PAIN ASSESSMENT USING PAIN SCALE:

  1. 1.         Assessment of pain before the procedure of IM injection:-

In the pre-procedure assessment of pain, all the respondents from both the groups reported ‘0’ pain on the pain scale of 0-10.

 

  1.        Assessment of pain after the procedure of IM injection:-  

After   the   procedure, the assessment of pain was done. The average intensity of pain recorded in both the control  and experimental groups  were  3.6 and 3.47 respectively  on the pain rating scale.

 

 The other  findings of the study showed that :-

 

  1. There is no significant relationship between the selected variables i.e. body mass index, gender, education, age, socio-economic status, duration of medical history and pain perception by the respondents who received IM injection Penidura 12lacs IU.

 

  1. There is no significant difference in the pain perception by the respondents between the two techniques of giving IM injection.

 

    CONCLUSION:-       

                        Thus the research hypothesis is rejected and the Null hypothesis is accepted  i.e there is no relationship between the skin tapping technique and the pain perception.

Keywords:
Intensity; Pain; Intramuscular; Injections
MeSH:
Injections, Intramuscular; Pain
Repository Posting Date:
14-Feb-2014
Date of Publication:
14-Feb-2014
Note:
This work has been approved through a peer-review process prior to its posting in the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typeResearch Studyen
dc.evidence.levelCross-Sectional Studyen
dc.research.approachOtheren
dc.titleThe Intensity of pain experienced by respondents given intramuscular (IM) injection with/without skin tapping techniqueen
dc.contributor.authorLakhani, Rita-
dc.contributor.authorChacko, Mini-
dc.contributor.authorGhatge, Shimon-
dc.contributor.authorJadhav, Sharmila-
dc.contributor.authorM.K., Soumya-
dc.contributor.authorPatkar, Supriya-
dc.contributor.authorPatil, Vinod-
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsRita Lakhani,M.Sc Nursing,Reader/ Associate Professor, Fortis Institute of Nursing, Bangalore, India, e-mail: ritalakhani2010@gmail.comen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/312899-
dc.description.abstract<p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Statement of the problem:</span></p> <p>A study to evaluate the intensity of pain experienced by respondents given intramuscular (IM) injection with/without skin tapping technique in a selected hospital in Mumbai.</p> <p> </p> <p>The purpose of this study was to describe and evaluate the effect of skin tapping technique on pain perception in respondents receiving IM injection Penidura 12 lacs IU.  The effect was analysed by comparing the pain level of the respondents with and without skin tapping technique.</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Specific Objectives:</span></p> <p>v   TO COMPARE THE PAIN LEVEL OF ADULT CLIENTS PRIOR TO AND IMMEDIATELY AFTER RECEIVING INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION.</p> <p> </p> <p>v   TO EVALUATE THE PAIN LEVEL OF THE ADULT CLIENTS  RECEIVING INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION  WITH AND WITHOUT SKIN TAPPING TECHNIQUE. </p> <p>.</p> <p>v   TO COMPARE THE PAIN LEVEL OF THE PATIENTS  WITH SELECTED VARIABLES-AGE, GENDER, BMI, EDUCATION, SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, DURATION (IN YEARS) OF RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE (RHD).</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p>An evaluative approach was used to collect the data for the study and thereby conducting a study . The sample consisted of thirty respondents with Rheumatic Heart Disease who had come to the Cardiology OPD during the data collection period. The respondents were selected on a non-probability convenience basis, as per the criteria laid down for the study.</p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Technique and tool:</span></p> <p>The interview technique was used to elicit the personal and medical data of the respondents. Pain being subjective in nature, self reporting technique was used for assessing the pain intensity of the respondents before and after receiving IM injection Penidura 12 lacs IU.</p> <p> </p> <p>Tool 1 :- Structured Interview schedule which comprised of :</p> <ul> <li>Identification data to elicit the personal information of the respondents including their medical history.</li> </ul> <p> </p> <p>Tool 2 :-    Pain assessment chart comprised of a combined numerical, descriptive, and visual pain rating scale. The numerical pain intensity assessment scale was a pain rating scale from a measurement of 0-10. Each numerical was tagged with a visual and a word description that best described the number on the pain scale.</p> <p> </p> <p>Pain was assessed in the respondents on two occasions ie.-</p> <ul> <li>Assessment of pain before the procedure of IM injection Penidura 12 lacs IU.</li> <li>Assessment of pain within one minute of giving IM injection Penidura 12 lacs IU.</li> </ul> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></p> <p>v   <span style="text-decoration: underline;">IDENTIFICATION  DATA :-</span></p> <p>Majority of the respondents belonged to the age group of 20-40 years.They were educated upto primary level, and had a body mass index ranging from 18.5 to 24.9 (indicating normal weight) in both the control and the experimental groups. Representation of male respondents was 40%  and that  of female respondents  was 60% in both the control and experimental groups. All the respondents suffered from Rheumatic Heart Disease as their primary problem, with a duration of 2-9 years in both the groups. Majority of the respondents were housewives, professionals and non-professionals and earned a monthly income of Rs. 10,000/- and less in both the groups.  In both the groups Inj. Penidura test dose of 0.1ml was given intradermally, prior to administering the full dose.</p> <p> </p> <p>v   <span style="text-decoration: underline;">PAIN ASSESSMENT USING PAIN SCALE: </span></p> <ol> <li>1.         Assessment of pain before the procedure of IM injection:-</li> </ol> <p>In the pre-procedure assessment of pain, all the respondents from both the groups reported ‘0’ pain on the pain scale of 0-10.</p> <p> </p> <ol> <li>       Assessment of pain after the procedure of IM injection:-  </li> </ol> <p>After   the   procedure, the assessment of pain was done. The average intensity of pain recorded in both the control  and experimental groups  were  3.6 and 3.47 respectively  on the pain rating scale.</p> <p> </p> <p> The other  findings of the study showed that :-</p> <p> </p> <ol start="1"> <li>There is no significant relationship between the selected variables i.e. body mass index, gender, education, age, socio-economic status, duration of medical history and pain perception by the respondents who received IM injection Penidura 12lacs IU.</li> </ol> <p> </p> <ol start="2"> <li>There is no significant difference in the pain perception by the respondents between the two techniques of giving IM injection.</li> </ol> <p> </p> <p>    CONCLUSION:-       </p> <p align="center">                        Thus the research hypothesis is rejected and the Null hypothesis is accepted  i.e there is no relationship between the skin tapping technique and the pain perception.</p>en_GB
dc.subjectIntensityen_GB
dc.subjectPainen_GB
dc.subjectIntramuscularen_GB
dc.subjectInjectionsen_GB
dc.subject.meshInjections, Intramuscularen_US
dc.subject.meshPainen_US
dc.date.available2014-02-14T15:36:03Z-
dc.date.issued2014-02-14-
dc.date.accessioned2014-02-14T15:36:03Z-
dc.description.noteThis work has been approved through a peer-review process prior to its posting in the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository.-
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