An Ecological Approach to Understanding Health Promoting Behaviors of Children From Low-Income Families: A Multi-Level Analysis

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335147
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
An Ecological Approach to Understanding Health Promoting Behaviors of Children From Low-Income Families: A Multi-Level Analysis
Other Titles:
Health Promotion in the Pediatric Population
Author(s):
Park, Jiyoung; Kang, Chulhee; Lee, Tae Wha; Nam, Chung-Mo; Lee, Ja-yin; Kim, Hee Soon; Lee, Hyeonkyeong
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Jiyoung Park, PhD, RN, sky831113@naver.com; Chulhee Kang, PhD; Tae Wha Lee, PhD, RN; Chung-Mo Nam, PhD; Ja-yin Lee, BS, RN; Hee Soon Kim, PhD, RN, FAAN; Hyeonkyeong Lee, PhD, RN
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: 'Health disparity' is becoming a serious issue worldwide. The practice of health promoting behaviors (HPB) among childhood is influenced not only by individual factors but also by diverse environmental factors including family, peer relationship, school, and community organization. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ecological factors influencing HPB of children from low income families. Methods: Participants of the study included 297 fourth to sixth grade elementary school students from low-income families, 297 caregivers, and 68 community children center teachers. Data was collected by structured self-report survey, and a multi-level regression analysis was conducted. Results: The mean score of HPB of children was 3.16, and the highest point was in injury prevention whereas the lowest point was in exercise. The factors that influence HPB of children were as follows: self-efficacy and self-regulation among intrapersonal factors; caregivers health instruction behaviors and peer relationship among interpersonal factors; and the period of operation, perceived environments by children, and disabled children/teacher ratio among institutional factors. Conclusion: This study emphasized the importance of creating healthy environment for promoting health of children from vulnerable social groups and suggested that multi-level interventions would be more effective than interventions targeting a single level.
Keywords:
Primary prevention; Multi-level analysis; Health status disparities
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014 ; 17-Nov-2014
Other Identifiers:
INRC14J03
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleAn Ecological Approach to Understanding Health Promoting Behaviors of Children From Low-Income Families: A Multi-Level Analysisen
dc.title.alternativeHealth Promotion in the Pediatric Populationen
dc.contributor.authorPark, Jiyoungen
dc.contributor.authorKang, Chulheeen
dc.contributor.authorLee, Tae Whaen
dc.contributor.authorNam, Chung-Moen
dc.contributor.authorLee, Ja-yinen
dc.contributor.authorKim, Hee Soonen
dc.contributor.authorLee, Hyeonkyeongen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsJiyoung Park, PhD, RN, sky831113@naver.com; Chulhee Kang, PhD; Tae Wha Lee, PhD, RN; Chung-Mo Nam, PhD; Ja-yin Lee, BS, RN; Hee Soon Kim, PhD, RN, FAAN; Hyeonkyeong Lee, PhD, RNen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335147-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: 'Health disparity' is becoming a serious issue worldwide. The practice of health promoting behaviors (HPB) among childhood is influenced not only by individual factors but also by diverse environmental factors including family, peer relationship, school, and community organization. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ecological factors influencing HPB of children from low income families. Methods: Participants of the study included 297 fourth to sixth grade elementary school students from low-income families, 297 caregivers, and 68 community children center teachers. Data was collected by structured self-report survey, and a multi-level regression analysis was conducted. Results: The mean score of HPB of children was 3.16, and the highest point was in injury prevention whereas the lowest point was in exercise. The factors that influence HPB of children were as follows: self-efficacy and self-regulation among intrapersonal factors; caregivers health instruction behaviors and peer relationship among interpersonal factors; and the period of operation, perceived environments by children, and disabled children/teacher ratio among institutional factors. Conclusion: This study emphasized the importance of creating healthy environment for promoting health of children from vulnerable social groups and suggested that multi-level interventions would be more effective than interventions targeting a single level.en
dc.subjectPrimary preventionen
dc.subjectMulti-level analysisen
dc.subjectHealth status disparitiesen
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:45:26Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:45:26Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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