Trait Negative Affectivity: A Predictor of Burnout and Secondary Traumatic Stress in Nurses in WA

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335208
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Trait Negative Affectivity: A Predictor of Burnout and Secondary Traumatic Stress in Nurses in WA
Other Titles:
Nursing Burnout
Author(s):
Hegney, Desley G.; Francis, Karen; Aoun, Samar; Hemsworth, David; Drury, Vicki; Craigie, Mark
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Desley G. Hegney, RN, BA (Hons), PhD, desley.g.hegney@gmail.com; Karen Francis, PhD, MEd, RN; Samar Aoun, BSc (Hons), MSc, PhD; David Hemsworth, PhD, MBA, BA, BAS, CET; Vicki Drury, RN, CertOpthNsg, BHlthSc, CertMensHlth, GradCertPsychNsgPrac, MSN, PhD; Mark Craigie, BSc (Psychology), PhD
Abstract:
Session presented on Thursday, July 24, 2014: Purpose: The aim was to ascertain the relationship between the constructs of trait negative affectivity (TNA), depression, state anxiety, stress, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction. Methods: In 2013 an on-line self-report study was conducted. The survey contained demographic information and the Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL), the DASS21 and the Spielberger Trait Anxiety Scale. The study included all nurses employed part or full time in an acute tertiary hospital in Perth. Results: 299 of 1292 nurses provided useable data. Approximately 12% of nurses had stress levels in the moderate, severe to extreme range and 15% of nurses had anxiety and depression levels (measured by DASS 21) in the moderate, severe to extreme range. Approximately 11% of nurses had an 'at risk' profile and 8% had a 'very distressed profile' which indicated high secondary traumatic stress and/or burnout on the ProQOL tool. Forty nurses (14.65%) had a TNA score in the elevated range. Higher TNA was strongly associated with higher burnout and secondary traumatic stress and lower compassion satisfaction. The association observed between TNA, burnout and secondary traumatic stress was independent of current negative mood symptoms. Conclusion: The personal variable of TNA is an important correlate of compassion fatigue in nurses, and therefore a worthy target for interventions wishing to build resilience in nurses. Compassion satisfaction is also a worthy of further investigation in alleviating burnout, but does not appear relevant to secondary traumatic stress.
Keywords:
compassion satisfaction; trait negative affectivity; compassion fatigue
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014 ; 17-Nov-2014
Other Identifiers:
INRC14A05
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleTrait Negative Affectivity: A Predictor of Burnout and Secondary Traumatic Stress in Nurses in WAen
dc.title.alternativeNursing Burnouten
dc.contributor.authorHegney, Desley G.en
dc.contributor.authorFrancis, Karenen
dc.contributor.authorAoun, Samaren
dc.contributor.authorHemsworth, Daviden
dc.contributor.authorDrury, Vickien
dc.contributor.authorCraigie, Marken
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsDesley G. Hegney, RN, BA (Hons), PhD, desley.g.hegney@gmail.com; Karen Francis, PhD, MEd, RN; Samar Aoun, BSc (Hons), MSc, PhD; David Hemsworth, PhD, MBA, BA, BAS, CET; Vicki Drury, RN, CertOpthNsg, BHlthSc, CertMensHlth, GradCertPsychNsgPrac, MSN, PhD; Mark Craigie, BSc (Psychology), PhDen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335208-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Thursday, July 24, 2014: Purpose: The aim was to ascertain the relationship between the constructs of trait negative affectivity (TNA), depression, state anxiety, stress, compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction. Methods: In 2013 an on-line self-report study was conducted. The survey contained demographic information and the Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL), the DASS21 and the Spielberger Trait Anxiety Scale. The study included all nurses employed part or full time in an acute tertiary hospital in Perth. Results: 299 of 1292 nurses provided useable data. Approximately 12% of nurses had stress levels in the moderate, severe to extreme range and 15% of nurses had anxiety and depression levels (measured by DASS 21) in the moderate, severe to extreme range. Approximately 11% of nurses had an 'at risk' profile and 8% had a 'very distressed profile' which indicated high secondary traumatic stress and/or burnout on the ProQOL tool. Forty nurses (14.65%) had a TNA score in the elevated range. Higher TNA was strongly associated with higher burnout and secondary traumatic stress and lower compassion satisfaction. The association observed between TNA, burnout and secondary traumatic stress was independent of current negative mood symptoms. Conclusion: The personal variable of TNA is an important correlate of compassion fatigue in nurses, and therefore a worthy target for interventions wishing to build resilience in nurses. Compassion satisfaction is also a worthy of further investigation in alleviating burnout, but does not appear relevant to secondary traumatic stress.en
dc.subjectcompassion satisfactionen
dc.subjecttrait negative affectivityen
dc.subjectcompassion fatigueen
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:46:56Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:46:56Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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