2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335259
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Role of Substance Abuse in the Lives of Childhood Trauma Survivors
Author(s):
Zhang, Weihua; Grabbe, Linda
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Alpha Epsilon
Author Details:
Weihua Zhang, PhD, APRN, wzhang3@emory.edu; Linda Grabbe, PhD, PMHN-BC, FNP-BC
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: Traumatic events early in life have been associated with substance abuse problems and mental health disorders (Adverse childhood experiences study, 2013). The development of addictions is a result of complex interactions among genes, environment, chronic stress, and neurobiology (Stephens & Wand, 2012). For persons who have experienced severe childhood abuse or neglect, there are fundamental changes in brain development (DeBellis et al., 1999), and many individuals deal with lifelong mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and emotion dysregulation. One theory of substance use associated with mental distress is "self-medication," that is, persons with mental health conditions use substances for short-term benefit--relief from stress and psychological pain. This qualitative, descriptive study aims 1) to summarize critical childhood events for a sample of 8 women trauma survivors, who were in treatment for addiction, and 2) to identify the experience and meanings of substance use in their lives. Methods: Life narratives of 8 women trauma survivors in recovery from addiction were audiorecorded and transcribed. The transcripts were coded, summarized, and clustered into themes. NVivo software was used for data management. The different meanings of trauma and drugs and alcohol use will be presented. Results: These women experienced significant levels of abuse and neglect during childhood. Alcohol was predominantly the first substance they used. Early adolescence was marked by a lack of nurturance from significant figures, leaving home, and early involvement in drug or street culture. The perceptions of the women regarding their drug use will be presented. Conclusion: Insights gained from this research may serve to inform preventative interventions for both mental health and substance use disorders in this high-risk population.
Keywords:
childhood trauma; substance abuse
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014 ; 17-Nov-2014
Other Identifiers:
INRC14PST299
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleThe Role of Substance Abuse in the Lives of Childhood Trauma Survivorsen
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Weihuaen
dc.contributor.authorGrabbe, Lindaen
dc.contributor.departmentAlpha Epsilonen
dc.author.detailsWeihua Zhang, PhD, APRN, wzhang3@emory.edu; Linda Grabbe, PhD, PMHN-BC, FNP-BCen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335259-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: Traumatic events early in life have been associated with substance abuse problems and mental health disorders (Adverse childhood experiences study, 2013). The development of addictions is a result of complex interactions among genes, environment, chronic stress, and neurobiology (Stephens & Wand, 2012). For persons who have experienced severe childhood abuse or neglect, there are fundamental changes in brain development (DeBellis et al., 1999), and many individuals deal with lifelong mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and emotion dysregulation. One theory of substance use associated with mental distress is "self-medication," that is, persons with mental health conditions use substances for short-term benefit--relief from stress and psychological pain. This qualitative, descriptive study aims 1) to summarize critical childhood events for a sample of 8 women trauma survivors, who were in treatment for addiction, and 2) to identify the experience and meanings of substance use in their lives. Methods: Life narratives of 8 women trauma survivors in recovery from addiction were audiorecorded and transcribed. The transcripts were coded, summarized, and clustered into themes. NVivo software was used for data management. The different meanings of trauma and drugs and alcohol use will be presented. Results: These women experienced significant levels of abuse and neglect during childhood. Alcohol was predominantly the first substance they used. Early adolescence was marked by a lack of nurturance from significant figures, leaving home, and early involvement in drug or street culture. The perceptions of the women regarding their drug use will be presented. Conclusion: Insights gained from this research may serve to inform preventative interventions for both mental health and substance use disorders in this high-risk population.en
dc.subjectchildhood traumaen
dc.subjectsubstance abuseen
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:48:11Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:48:11Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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