Effectiveness of Kagayashiki Music Intervention on Depression, Cognition and Basic Activity Daily Living in the Institutionalized Elderly

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335270
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effectiveness of Kagayashiki Music Intervention on Depression, Cognition and Basic Activity Daily Living in the Institutionalized Elderly
Author(s):
Ho, Hsueh-Jen; Chao, An-Na; Chen, Shu-Chuan; Yu, Ching-Len; Chou, Li-Na
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Hsueh-Jen Ho, MSN, RN, hojane@mail.ntin.edu.tw; An-Na Chao, MSN, RN; Shu-Chuan Chen, MSN, RN; Ching-Len Yu, PhD; Li-Na Chou, PhD, RN
Abstract:
Session presented on Friday, July 25, 2014: Purpose: Kagayashiki music intervention has been gradually applied in long term care in Taiwan. Compared to other music therapy, evidence-based researches of Kagayashiki music intervention are fewer. The research objective of this study was to examine the effects of Kagayashiki music intervention measures on depression, cognition, and basic activity daily living in the institutionalized elderly. Methods: With one-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design, this study adopted the purposive sampling of selecting the subjects from two elder care institutions in Southern Taiwan, and then random assignment was carried out in the Kagayashiki music intervention group. A total of 36 subjects enrolled in this experimental group. The music intervention group was required to perform 40 minutes once a week for twelve weeks. Demographic sheet, Geriatric Depression Scale, Mini-Mental Status Examination Scale, Basic Activities of Daily Living Scale were evaluated before and after the intervention. The analysis was conducted using SPSS version 18.0, and the significance level ? was set at 0.05. Results: 31(86.1%) participants came to complete the study, most of whom were female (n=25; 80.6%). Average age was 82.3 years. The mean score of depression decreased from 7.16 in the pretest to 6.19 in the posttest and cognitive function improved from 17.52 to 19.55. The mean score of BADL in the pretest and posttest was 56.33 and 66.67, separately. The pair t test results indicated that GDS (t=-2.36, p<.05), MMSE (t=2.13, p<.05), and BADL (t=2.42, p<.05) exhibited significant changes. Conclusion: The results indicate that Kagayashiki music intervention can improve the depression, cognitive function, and basic activities of daily living in the institutionalized elderly. Therefore, Kagayashiki music intervention can be widely implemented among the institutionalized elders. This intervention can be incorporated into day activity program in order to lower the rate of depression, and thus enhance cognitive function and activities of daily living. It is suggested that randomized researches with larger sample sizes be used for appropriate calculation, measurement after multiple sessions, and physiological and psychological measurement.
Keywords:
Music Intervention; The Elderly; Depression
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014 ; 17-Nov-2014
Other Identifiers:
INRC14PST47
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleEffectiveness of Kagayashiki Music Intervention on Depression, Cognition and Basic Activity Daily Living in the Institutionalized Elderlyen
dc.contributor.authorHo, Hsueh-Jenen
dc.contributor.authorChao, An-Naen
dc.contributor.authorChen, Shu-Chuanen
dc.contributor.authorYu, Ching-Lenen
dc.contributor.authorChou, Li-Naen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsHsueh-Jen Ho, MSN, RN, hojane@mail.ntin.edu.tw; An-Na Chao, MSN, RN; Shu-Chuan Chen, MSN, RN; Ching-Len Yu, PhD; Li-Na Chou, PhD, RNen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335270-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Friday, July 25, 2014: Purpose: Kagayashiki music intervention has been gradually applied in long term care in Taiwan. Compared to other music therapy, evidence-based researches of Kagayashiki music intervention are fewer. The research objective of this study was to examine the effects of Kagayashiki music intervention measures on depression, cognition, and basic activity daily living in the institutionalized elderly. Methods: With one-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design, this study adopted the purposive sampling of selecting the subjects from two elder care institutions in Southern Taiwan, and then random assignment was carried out in the Kagayashiki music intervention group. A total of 36 subjects enrolled in this experimental group. The music intervention group was required to perform 40 minutes once a week for twelve weeks. Demographic sheet, Geriatric Depression Scale, Mini-Mental Status Examination Scale, Basic Activities of Daily Living Scale were evaluated before and after the intervention. The analysis was conducted using SPSS version 18.0, and the significance level ? was set at 0.05. Results: 31(86.1%) participants came to complete the study, most of whom were female (n=25; 80.6%). Average age was 82.3 years. The mean score of depression decreased from 7.16 in the pretest to 6.19 in the posttest and cognitive function improved from 17.52 to 19.55. The mean score of BADL in the pretest and posttest was 56.33 and 66.67, separately. The pair t test results indicated that GDS (t=-2.36, p<.05), MMSE (t=2.13, p<.05), and BADL (t=2.42, p<.05) exhibited significant changes. Conclusion: The results indicate that Kagayashiki music intervention can improve the depression, cognitive function, and basic activities of daily living in the institutionalized elderly. Therefore, Kagayashiki music intervention can be widely implemented among the institutionalized elders. This intervention can be incorporated into day activity program in order to lower the rate of depression, and thus enhance cognitive function and activities of daily living. It is suggested that randomized researches with larger sample sizes be used for appropriate calculation, measurement after multiple sessions, and physiological and psychological measurement.en
dc.subjectMusic Interventionen
dc.subjectThe Elderlyen
dc.subjectDepressionen
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:48:29Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:48:29Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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