Healthcare Needs During Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Childrearing of Chinese Immigrant Women in Korea

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335298
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Healthcare Needs During Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Childrearing of Chinese Immigrant Women in Korea
Author(s):
Jeong, Geum-Hee; Kim, Kyungwon; Baik, Sunghee
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Geum-Hee Jeong, PhD, RN, ghjeong@hallym.ac.kr; Kyungwon Kim, PhD, MS, RN, BS; Sunghee Baik, PhD, RN, BS
Abstract:
Session presented on Saturday, July 26, 2014: Purpose: With the increase in international marriage, the number of immigrant women who were married to Korean men has been on the rise to 120,146 in 2010. Major portion of those who immigrated to Korea through interracial marriage was Chinese. Married immigrant women are usually lack of appropriate health intervention and educational services. They were more likely to have problems before and after giving birth than the native Korean women. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify health care needs for the entire process of reproduction, including pregnancy, delivery, postpartum care, and childrearing, among Chinese women who immigrated to Korea through international marriage, for the purpose of providing the baseline data for developing reproductive health promotion programs for married migrant women in Korea. Methods: Subjects in this study included 148 Chinese immigrant women visiting 25 health centers in Korea. Based on Roy's four modes of adaptation, this study used a preliminary tool for childbearing and childrearing process, which included the total of 53 question items. Cronbach's alpha of the internal reliability of the data was .96. The data were collected in 2012. Translators working at health centers visited and had an interview with subjects. Data analyzed by SPSS 18.0 Window Program. For the characteristics of subjects' demographic and the entire process of childbearing and childrearing, descriptive statistics were calculated. For the subjects' health care needs for the entire process of pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum care, and childrearing, descriptive statistics were calculated. Results: The average age of the subjects was 32.0. Educational background showed that high school graduates are the largest portion, 48.67%. Average length of time living in Korea after immigration is 3.3 years. Portion of jobless subjects is 85.2%. As much as 66.2% of the subjects reported the past experience of pregnancy prior to this study, 20.3% was pregnant at the time of collecting the data. The majority of the subjects (96.6%) had an experience of getting prenatal care during pregnancy at a hospital (87.1%), and at health center (10.8%). Almost everyone in this study gave birth at a hospital (87.8%). As much as 52.0% of the subjects reported that husband was the most helpful person in taking care of them during pregnancy and childbirth, hospital personnel to 31.1%, health center workers to 25.7%, and husband's family members to 13.5%. As far as the information and educational methods were concerned, attending lectures or educational programs (52.0%) was the most common form of getting information, followed by educational booklets (20.9%), internet data (16.2%) and individual interview (14.2%). The score for general health care was 3.42, after that, postpartum health care (3.39), health care for delivery (3.38), and health care during pregnancy (3.35) in order. Conclusion: When the effect of fertility power of Chinese immigrant women on the future paradigm in fertility rates of Korea is taken into consideration, it would be urgent to develop a more effective health care services and educational programs that lead those ethnic group of women to be adjusted to fit the mainstream of the Korean society in order to give birth to healthy children and successful outcomes of pregnancy. It is necessary to develop cross-cultural educational programs focused on educating Korean men to have friendly attitude toward gender role exchange.
Keywords:
childbearing; reproductive health, immigrant women; immigrant women
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014 ; 17-Nov-2014
Other Identifiers:
INRC14PST156
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleHealthcare Needs During Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Childrearing of Chinese Immigrant Women in Koreaen
dc.contributor.authorJeong, Geum-Heeen
dc.contributor.authorKim, Kyungwonen
dc.contributor.authorBaik, Sungheeen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsGeum-Hee Jeong, PhD, RN, ghjeong@hallym.ac.kr; Kyungwon Kim, PhD, MS, RN, BS; Sunghee Baik, PhD, RN, BSen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335298-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Saturday, July 26, 2014: Purpose: With the increase in international marriage, the number of immigrant women who were married to Korean men has been on the rise to 120,146 in 2010. Major portion of those who immigrated to Korea through interracial marriage was Chinese. Married immigrant women are usually lack of appropriate health intervention and educational services. They were more likely to have problems before and after giving birth than the native Korean women. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify health care needs for the entire process of reproduction, including pregnancy, delivery, postpartum care, and childrearing, among Chinese women who immigrated to Korea through international marriage, for the purpose of providing the baseline data for developing reproductive health promotion programs for married migrant women in Korea. Methods: Subjects in this study included 148 Chinese immigrant women visiting 25 health centers in Korea. Based on Roy's four modes of adaptation, this study used a preliminary tool for childbearing and childrearing process, which included the total of 53 question items. Cronbach's alpha of the internal reliability of the data was .96. The data were collected in 2012. Translators working at health centers visited and had an interview with subjects. Data analyzed by SPSS 18.0 Window Program. For the characteristics of subjects' demographic and the entire process of childbearing and childrearing, descriptive statistics were calculated. For the subjects' health care needs for the entire process of pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum care, and childrearing, descriptive statistics were calculated. Results: The average age of the subjects was 32.0. Educational background showed that high school graduates are the largest portion, 48.67%. Average length of time living in Korea after immigration is 3.3 years. Portion of jobless subjects is 85.2%. As much as 66.2% of the subjects reported the past experience of pregnancy prior to this study, 20.3% was pregnant at the time of collecting the data. The majority of the subjects (96.6%) had an experience of getting prenatal care during pregnancy at a hospital (87.1%), and at health center (10.8%). Almost everyone in this study gave birth at a hospital (87.8%). As much as 52.0% of the subjects reported that husband was the most helpful person in taking care of them during pregnancy and childbirth, hospital personnel to 31.1%, health center workers to 25.7%, and husband's family members to 13.5%. As far as the information and educational methods were concerned, attending lectures or educational programs (52.0%) was the most common form of getting information, followed by educational booklets (20.9%), internet data (16.2%) and individual interview (14.2%). The score for general health care was 3.42, after that, postpartum health care (3.39), health care for delivery (3.38), and health care during pregnancy (3.35) in order. Conclusion: When the effect of fertility power of Chinese immigrant women on the future paradigm in fertility rates of Korea is taken into consideration, it would be urgent to develop a more effective health care services and educational programs that lead those ethnic group of women to be adjusted to fit the mainstream of the Korean society in order to give birth to healthy children and successful outcomes of pregnancy. It is necessary to develop cross-cultural educational programs focused on educating Korean men to have friendly attitude toward gender role exchange.en
dc.subjectchildbearingen
dc.subjectreproductive health, immigrant womenen
dc.subjectimmigrant womenen
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:49:08Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:49:08Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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