Experiences of Preceptors in Dedicated Education Units in the Public Hospital Environment

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335316
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Poster
Level of Evidence:
Qualitative Study, Other
Research Approach:
Qualitative Research
Title:
Experiences of Preceptors in Dedicated Education Units in the Public Hospital Environment
Author(s):
Kitchens, Jennifer L.; Burrage, Joe
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Alpha
Author Details:
Jennifer L. Kitchens, MSN, RN, ACNS-BC, CVRN, jenneufer@comcast.net; Joe Burrage, PhD, RN, FAAN
Abstract:
Session presented on Friday, July 25, 2014: Purpose: To provide data on which to develop a method to evaluate experiences of preceptors of nursing students on a Dedicated Education Unit (DEU)/Traditional Nursing Unit (TNU). The specific aim was to describe experiences of nurse preceptors who have worked with at least two rotations of nursing students over the last 12 month in a DEU/TNU setting. Current faculty shortages, increased patient care acuity, advanced technology, greater system complexity, and sophisticated computer systems have resulted in the increased need to use staff nurses preceptors to provide students with clinical instruction and experience. More information is needed about the experiences of preceptors of nursing students. Studies specifically addressing preceptor experiences on DEUs are rare. Methods: Orling's Meaning of Preceptorship Theory guided this cross-sectional qualitative study. A total of eleven full time registered nurses (convenience sample) with experience as preceptors on a DEU or traditional medical-surgical nursing units at a complex county acute care hospital were recruited to participate in digitally recorded individual interviews. Thematic content analysis was conducted to identify patterns and meanings. An iterative process of comparison was used to further analyze the data, moving between individual elements of the text. Results: Ten of the 11 participants were female. Four were between the ages of 31-40 years and 7 were between the ages of 41-60 years. Six held an ASN degree and 5 held a BSN. Seven participants reported employment at the agency for 18 months to 3 years, and 4 reported 10 or more years. Nine of the nurses were assigned to the DEU and 2 were not, with 5 of the 11 receiving formal training to be a preceptor. Three distinct themes emerged: Preceptor Role, Student Role, and Infrastructure (Agency) Role. Subthemes of barriers and facilitators emerged. Conclusion: Findings indicate concepts of preceptor, student, and infrastructure role and related barriers and facilitators should be considered in the development of instruments to assess nurse preceptor satisfaction. Further barriers and facilitators to these roles should be carefully examined when implementing programs to increase nurse preceptor satisfaction and retention.
Keywords:
Nursing Preceptors; Dedicated Education Units; Faculty shortage
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014 ; 17-Nov-2014
Other Identifiers:
INRC14PST62
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePosteren
dc.evidence.levelQualitative Study, Otheren
dc.research.approachQualitative Researchen
dc.titleExperiences of Preceptors in Dedicated Education Units in the Public Hospital Environmenten
dc.contributor.authorKitchens, Jennifer L.en
dc.contributor.authorBurrage, Joeen
dc.contributor.departmentAlphaen
dc.author.detailsJennifer L. Kitchens, MSN, RN, ACNS-BC, CVRN, jenneufer@comcast.net; Joe Burrage, PhD, RN, FAANen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335316-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Friday, July 25, 2014: Purpose: To provide data on which to develop a method to evaluate experiences of preceptors of nursing students on a Dedicated Education Unit (DEU)/Traditional Nursing Unit (TNU). The specific aim was to describe experiences of nurse preceptors who have worked with at least two rotations of nursing students over the last 12 month in a DEU/TNU setting. Current faculty shortages, increased patient care acuity, advanced technology, greater system complexity, and sophisticated computer systems have resulted in the increased need to use staff nurses preceptors to provide students with clinical instruction and experience. More information is needed about the experiences of preceptors of nursing students. Studies specifically addressing preceptor experiences on DEUs are rare. Methods: Orling's Meaning of Preceptorship Theory guided this cross-sectional qualitative study. A total of eleven full time registered nurses (convenience sample) with experience as preceptors on a DEU or traditional medical-surgical nursing units at a complex county acute care hospital were recruited to participate in digitally recorded individual interviews. Thematic content analysis was conducted to identify patterns and meanings. An iterative process of comparison was used to further analyze the data, moving between individual elements of the text. Results: Ten of the 11 participants were female. Four were between the ages of 31-40 years and 7 were between the ages of 41-60 years. Six held an ASN degree and 5 held a BSN. Seven participants reported employment at the agency for 18 months to 3 years, and 4 reported 10 or more years. Nine of the nurses were assigned to the DEU and 2 were not, with 5 of the 11 receiving formal training to be a preceptor. Three distinct themes emerged: Preceptor Role, Student Role, and Infrastructure (Agency) Role. Subthemes of barriers and facilitators emerged. Conclusion: Findings indicate concepts of preceptor, student, and infrastructure role and related barriers and facilitators should be considered in the development of instruments to assess nurse preceptor satisfaction. Further barriers and facilitators to these roles should be carefully examined when implementing programs to increase nurse preceptor satisfaction and retention.en
dc.subjectNursing Preceptorsen
dc.subjectDedicated Education Unitsen
dc.subjectFaculty shortageen
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:49:33Zen
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:49:33Zen
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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