Disaster Preparedness of Mothers Raising Preschool Children: Lessons From the Great East Japan Earthquake

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335381
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Disaster Preparedness of Mothers Raising Preschool Children: Lessons From the Great East Japan Earthquake
Author(s):
Matsuzawa, Akemi; Shiroki, Yuko; Tsuda, Shigeko
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Akemi Matsuzawa, PhD,RN, matuzawa@icc.ac.jp; Yuko Shiroki, RN; Shigeko Tsuda, PhD, RN
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which mothers raising preschool children in disaster areas are prepared for disasters and to identify factors related to preparedness. Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional analytical design was used. Data were collected from 272 mothers whose children attended one of three institutions (two certified public nursery schools and one kindergarten) in one city using a self-administered questionnaire. Participants were asked about the presence or absence of disaster-prevention and disaster-mitigation measures in their homes as well as about the characteristics of such measures, their knowledge and ideas regarding preparedness, and disaster-induced influences. The study was conducted between January and February 2013, and 166 parents returned questionnaires, a 61.0% response rate. Results: According to the results, more than 90% of participants were prepared for disasters, as they commonly stored flashlights, candles, drinking water, spare batteries, and emergency food. In contrast, fewer mothers discussed the actions to be taken at the time of a disaster with family members, determined how to contact family members and relevant institutions (nursery schools or kindergartens) in the case of an emergency, or informed their children about an emergency phone number. Mothers who were more prepared for disasters were more likely than were other mothers to believe they should be prepared (p = 0.01). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest the need to promote and maintain preparedness, including knowing how to contact others in an emergency. Therefore, it is important to provide education and training about disaster preparedness for families and for staff members of the nursery schools and kindergartens in Japan.
Keywords:
disaster preparedness; preschool children; mother
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014 ; 17-Nov-2014
Other Identifiers:
INRC14JPST269
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleDisaster Preparedness of Mothers Raising Preschool Children: Lessons From the Great East Japan Earthquakeen
dc.contributor.authorMatsuzawa, Akemien
dc.contributor.authorShiroki, Yukoen
dc.contributor.authorTsuda, Shigekoen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsAkemi Matsuzawa, PhD,RN, matuzawa@icc.ac.jp; Yuko Shiroki, RN; Shigeko Tsuda, PhD, RNen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335381-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which mothers raising preschool children in disaster areas are prepared for disasters and to identify factors related to preparedness. Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional analytical design was used. Data were collected from 272 mothers whose children attended one of three institutions (two certified public nursery schools and one kindergarten) in one city using a self-administered questionnaire. Participants were asked about the presence or absence of disaster-prevention and disaster-mitigation measures in their homes as well as about the characteristics of such measures, their knowledge and ideas regarding preparedness, and disaster-induced influences. The study was conducted between January and February 2013, and 166 parents returned questionnaires, a 61.0% response rate. Results: According to the results, more than 90% of participants were prepared for disasters, as they commonly stored flashlights, candles, drinking water, spare batteries, and emergency food. In contrast, fewer mothers discussed the actions to be taken at the time of a disaster with family members, determined how to contact family members and relevant institutions (nursery schools or kindergartens) in the case of an emergency, or informed their children about an emergency phone number. Mothers who were more prepared for disasters were more likely than were other mothers to believe they should be prepared (p = 0.01). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest the need to promote and maintain preparedness, including knowing how to contact others in an emergency. Therefore, it is important to provide education and training about disaster preparedness for families and for staff members of the nursery schools and kindergartens in Japan.en
dc.subjectdisaster preparednessen
dc.subjectpreschool childrenen
dc.subjectmotheren
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:51:05Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:51:05Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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