Differences in BMI, Self-Concept and Perceived Difficulty in Leading a Healthy Lifestyle Between Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Teens

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335383
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Differences in BMI, Self-Concept and Perceived Difficulty in Leading a Healthy Lifestyle Between Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Teens
Other Titles:
Symposium: Factors Influencing Overweight and Health Lifestyles in Adolescents: Supporting Evidence to Guide Effective Interventions
Author(s):
Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Beta Upsilon
Author Details:
Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, PhD, RN, CPNP/PMHNP, FAANP, FNAP, FAAN, Melnyk.15@osu.edu
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: Overweight/obesity is a major public health problem in adolescence. The prevalence of overweight/obesity is even higher in minority populations. Understanding differences in key variables that may impact overweight/obesity is important for designing culturally sensitive interventions to address and prevent this problem. Cognitive theory guided the study and contends that how individuals think affects how they feel and how they behave. The sample was comprised of 779 adolescents at 11 high schools in the Southwest United States who were participating in a randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of the COPE Healthy Lifestyles TEEN program on their physical, mental health and academic outcomes. Methods: Baseline measures obtained included BMI along with valid and reliable scales, acculturation, perceived difficulty in leading a healthy lifestyle, self-concept, depression and anxiety. Results: The mean age of respondents was 14.8 years with approximately 48% male and 52% female. Sixty-seven percent of the sample was Hispanic. Independent sample t-tests identified several significant differences between Hispanic and non-Hispanic teens. Beck Self-concept t-scores were significantly lower in Hispanic teens (p=.001). All four acculturation subscales were significantly different, including assimilation (p=.000), separation (p=.000), integration (p=.000), and marginalization (p=.011). Hispanic teens had significantly higher BMI percentiles (p=.003). Hispanic teens also perceived it was more difficult to live a healthy lifestyle (p=.046). There were no significant differences on their steps per day, self-reported healthy lifestyle behaviors, anxiety or depression. Conclusion: Adolescence is an important time to influence healthy lifestyle beliefs and behaviors. Beliefs regarding living a healthy lifestyle and self-concept should be targeted in interventions to enhance healthy lifestyle behaviors in Hispanic teens in order to prevent and treat obesity.
Keywords:
adolescents; interventions; Overweight/obesity
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014 ; 17-Nov-2014
Other Identifiers:
INRC14L09
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleDifferences in BMI, Self-Concept and Perceived Difficulty in Leading a Healthy Lifestyle Between Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Teensen
dc.title.alternativeSymposium: Factors Influencing Overweight and Health Lifestyles in Adolescents: Supporting Evidence to Guide Effective Interventionsen
dc.contributor.authorMelnyk, Bernadette Mazureken
dc.contributor.departmentBeta Upsilonen
dc.author.detailsBernadette Mazurek Melnyk, PhD, RN, CPNP/PMHNP, FAANP, FNAP, FAAN, Melnyk.15@osu.eduen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335383-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: Overweight/obesity is a major public health problem in adolescence. The prevalence of overweight/obesity is even higher in minority populations. Understanding differences in key variables that may impact overweight/obesity is important for designing culturally sensitive interventions to address and prevent this problem. Cognitive theory guided the study and contends that how individuals think affects how they feel and how they behave. The sample was comprised of 779 adolescents at 11 high schools in the Southwest United States who were participating in a randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of the COPE Healthy Lifestyles TEEN program on their physical, mental health and academic outcomes. Methods: Baseline measures obtained included BMI along with valid and reliable scales, acculturation, perceived difficulty in leading a healthy lifestyle, self-concept, depression and anxiety. Results: The mean age of respondents was 14.8 years with approximately 48% male and 52% female. Sixty-seven percent of the sample was Hispanic. Independent sample t-tests identified several significant differences between Hispanic and non-Hispanic teens. Beck Self-concept t-scores were significantly lower in Hispanic teens (p=.001). All four acculturation subscales were significantly different, including assimilation (p=.000), separation (p=.000), integration (p=.000), and marginalization (p=.011). Hispanic teens had significantly higher BMI percentiles (p=.003). Hispanic teens also perceived it was more difficult to live a healthy lifestyle (p=.046). There were no significant differences on their steps per day, self-reported healthy lifestyle behaviors, anxiety or depression. Conclusion: Adolescence is an important time to influence healthy lifestyle beliefs and behaviors. Beliefs regarding living a healthy lifestyle and self-concept should be targeted in interventions to enhance healthy lifestyle behaviors in Hispanic teens in order to prevent and treat obesity.en
dc.subjectadolescentsen
dc.subjectinterventionsen
dc.subjectOverweight/obesityen
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:51:08Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:51:08Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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