Personal Weight Beliefs Predictive of Eating Behavior Patterns and Actual Weight in Young African-American Women

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335417
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Personal Weight Beliefs Predictive of Eating Behavior Patterns and Actual Weight in Young African-American Women
Author(s):
Pickett, Stephanie
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Lambda
Author Details:
Stephanie Pickett, PhD, MSN, BSN, RN, picks@nursing.upenn.edu
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: Over 80% of African American (AA) women in the United States (US) are overweight or obese. Weight management in AA women is multifaceted and not completely understood. However, cultural beliefs about weight suggest that many AA women hold beliefs about their weight that may interfere with a desire to engage in behaviors for weight management, it is not known whether personal weight beliefs are predictive of weight management behavior. Personal weight beliefs were defined as a multidimensional concept consisting of three domains including the descriptive characteristics, causal attributions, and consequences of one's personal weight. The objective of this study was to determine whether personal weight beliefs were predictive of eating behavior patterns and weight in young AA women. Methods: A sample of one hundred-fifty AA women, 18-40 years old (mean age = 28.4, mean years of education =13.78, mean BMI = 31.5) in Metropolitan Detroit completed a preliminary version of a newly developed Beliefs about Personal Weight Survey (BPW) based on the definition of personal weight beliefs. Responses from BPW were analyzed by domain using principal component analysis, composites were developed from components. The Eating Behavior Pattern Questionnaire (EBPQ) was used to measure eating behavior patterns (low fat diet, snacking on sweets, haphazard meal planning, and meal skipping and emotional eating). BMI was calculated from measured weight and height. Multiple linear regressions using stepwise entry was used to examine the ability of personal weight beliefs to predict eating behavior patterns and BMI. Results: Stepwise regression results show that the weight belief composites significantly predicted all five of the eating behavior patterns and BMI. Two composites were most predictive. The descriptive weight composite (describing personal weight as overweight) explained 51% of the variance in BMI (F = 154.16, p =.001). Causal belief composites (unhealthy eating behaviors, not eating healthy behaviors, and stress factors) explained 34% of the variance in emotional eating (F = 24.91, p = .001). Conclusion: Beliefs about the descriptive characteristics, and causal attributions, of one's personal weight predicted eating behavior patterns and BMI in young AA women.
Keywords:
Weight Management Behaviors; Weight Beliefs
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
11 ; 11
Other Identifiers:
INRC14PST277
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titlePersonal Weight Beliefs Predictive of Eating Behavior Patterns and Actual Weight in Young African-American Womenen
dc.contributor.authorPickett, Stephanieen
dc.contributor.departmentLambdaen
dc.author.detailsStephanie Pickett, PhD, MSN, BSN, RN, picks@nursing.upenn.eduen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335417-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: Over 80% of African American (AA) women in the United States (US) are overweight or obese. Weight management in AA women is multifaceted and not completely understood. However, cultural beliefs about weight suggest that many AA women hold beliefs about their weight that may interfere with a desire to engage in behaviors for weight management, it is not known whether personal weight beliefs are predictive of weight management behavior. Personal weight beliefs were defined as a multidimensional concept consisting of three domains including the descriptive characteristics, causal attributions, and consequences of one's personal weight. The objective of this study was to determine whether personal weight beliefs were predictive of eating behavior patterns and weight in young AA women. Methods: A sample of one hundred-fifty AA women, 18-40 years old (mean age = 28.4, mean years of education =13.78, mean BMI = 31.5) in Metropolitan Detroit completed a preliminary version of a newly developed Beliefs about Personal Weight Survey (BPW) based on the definition of personal weight beliefs. Responses from BPW were analyzed by domain using principal component analysis, composites were developed from components. The Eating Behavior Pattern Questionnaire (EBPQ) was used to measure eating behavior patterns (low fat diet, snacking on sweets, haphazard meal planning, and meal skipping and emotional eating). BMI was calculated from measured weight and height. Multiple linear regressions using stepwise entry was used to examine the ability of personal weight beliefs to predict eating behavior patterns and BMI. Results: Stepwise regression results show that the weight belief composites significantly predicted all five of the eating behavior patterns and BMI. Two composites were most predictive. The descriptive weight composite (describing personal weight as overweight) explained 51% of the variance in BMI (F = 154.16, p =.001). Causal belief composites (unhealthy eating behaviors, not eating healthy behaviors, and stress factors) explained 34% of the variance in emotional eating (F = 24.91, p = .001). Conclusion: Beliefs about the descriptive characteristics, and causal attributions, of one's personal weight predicted eating behavior patterns and BMI in young AA women.en
dc.subjectWeight Management Behaviorsen
dc.subjectWeight Beliefsen
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:51:59Z-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:51:59Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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