Lifestyle Characteristics Correlated With Daily Life Functions of Patients With Mental Disorders

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335433
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Lifestyle Characteristics Correlated With Daily Life Functions of Patients With Mental Disorders
Author(s):
Saito, Miyuki; Kato, Mariko; Azuma, Tomomi; Suzuki, Eiko; Sato, Yukiko
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Miyuki Saito, PhD, RN, PHN, imiyuki@med.id.yamagata-u.ac.jp; Mariko Kato, RN, PHN; Tomomi Azuma, PhD, RN; Eiko Suzuki, PhD; Yukiko Sato, PhD
Abstract:
Session presented on Saturday, July 26, 2014: Purpose: It is important for patients with mental disorders to have stable daily life functions. In order to achieve this, institutions, such as psychiatric daycares and small-scale working places for patients with mental disorders, provide daily life support to ambulatory patients. Ambulatory patients receive training for cooking and cleaning in these institutions. However, despite having received such training, ambulatory patients sometimes face difficulties in their actual daily life. The lifestyle characteristics of ambulatory patients are one of the factors that influence their daily life functions. Thus, this study aims at investigating the lifestyle characteristics of ambulatory patients that correlate with such functions. Methods: The subjects were 2,190 individuals with schizophrenia who regularly visited day-care centers or workshops in Japan. We administered a self-assessment questionnaire survey sent via mail. The contents of the questionnaire included background information such as age, and purposes for making regular visits (multiple answers allowed), and the Rating Scale for Functioning in Individuals with Mental Disorders (from 0 to 126 points). The study was conducted between September and November 2008. We analyzed their answers statistically using a t-test and multiple regression analysis. Ethical considerations: We conducted the study according to the ethical guidelines for clinical studies by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. We notified the subjects in writing of information such as the purpose and method of the study, privacy protection, and that participation was voluntary; we deemed their consent given if we received their answer to the questionnaire. In addition, we obtained approval from the ethical review board of the institution the researchers belonged to. Results: There were 78.9 - 16.2 points of life functions of ambulatory patients. A total of 681 patients (69.4%) had a housemate, 588 patients (59.9%) did their own washing, 341 patients (56.4%) did their own cleaning, and 352 patients (35.9%) cooked for themselves. Moreover, 294 patients (30.0%) did their own housework (including washing, cleaning, and cooking). It was understood that the patients had very few opportunities to do their own washing, cleaning, and cooking in their actual daily lives. The reason for such is that schizophrenic patients find it difficult to grasp the overall situation, and their unpredictable behavioral characteristics also affect their lifestyle. Patients who self-performed washing, cleaning, and cooking had higher daily life functions compared with those who did not self-perform the housework (t = 2.11 - 2.40, p = 0.018 - 0.035). There was no significant statistical difference in daily life functions based on the presence or absence of a housemate. Significant correlation of life function points with washing, cleaning, and cooking was only found in 'cleaning on their own' (? = .15, p = .001). From the above, it has been recognized that patients who self-perform washing, cleaning, and cooking have a high daily life functions, and that that doing self-cleaning can improve such functions. Furthermore, life functions can be improved by increasing practice opportunities not only during training in the institution but also in their daily life. Conclusion: It has been recognized that patients who self-perform washing, cleaning, and cooking have a high daily life functions, and that that doing self-cleaning can improve such functions.
Keywords:
The life functions; Psychiatric day-care centers; Schizophrenia
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
11 ; 11
Other Identifiers:
INRC14PST188
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleLifestyle Characteristics Correlated With Daily Life Functions of Patients With Mental Disordersen
dc.contributor.authorSaito, Miyukien
dc.contributor.authorKato, Marikoen
dc.contributor.authorAzuma, Tomomien
dc.contributor.authorSuzuki, Eikoen
dc.contributor.authorSato, Yukikoen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsMiyuki Saito, PhD, RN, PHN, imiyuki@med.id.yamagata-u.ac.jp; Mariko Kato, RN, PHN; Tomomi Azuma, PhD, RN; Eiko Suzuki, PhD; Yukiko Sato, PhDen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335433-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Saturday, July 26, 2014: Purpose: It is important for patients with mental disorders to have stable daily life functions. In order to achieve this, institutions, such as psychiatric daycares and small-scale working places for patients with mental disorders, provide daily life support to ambulatory patients. Ambulatory patients receive training for cooking and cleaning in these institutions. However, despite having received such training, ambulatory patients sometimes face difficulties in their actual daily life. The lifestyle characteristics of ambulatory patients are one of the factors that influence their daily life functions. Thus, this study aims at investigating the lifestyle characteristics of ambulatory patients that correlate with such functions. Methods: The subjects were 2,190 individuals with schizophrenia who regularly visited day-care centers or workshops in Japan. We administered a self-assessment questionnaire survey sent via mail. The contents of the questionnaire included background information such as age, and purposes for making regular visits (multiple answers allowed), and the Rating Scale for Functioning in Individuals with Mental Disorders (from 0 to 126 points). The study was conducted between September and November 2008. We analyzed their answers statistically using a t-test and multiple regression analysis. Ethical considerations: We conducted the study according to the ethical guidelines for clinical studies by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. We notified the subjects in writing of information such as the purpose and method of the study, privacy protection, and that participation was voluntary; we deemed their consent given if we received their answer to the questionnaire. In addition, we obtained approval from the ethical review board of the institution the researchers belonged to. Results: There were 78.9 - 16.2 points of life functions of ambulatory patients. A total of 681 patients (69.4%) had a housemate, 588 patients (59.9%) did their own washing, 341 patients (56.4%) did their own cleaning, and 352 patients (35.9%) cooked for themselves. Moreover, 294 patients (30.0%) did their own housework (including washing, cleaning, and cooking). It was understood that the patients had very few opportunities to do their own washing, cleaning, and cooking in their actual daily lives. The reason for such is that schizophrenic patients find it difficult to grasp the overall situation, and their unpredictable behavioral characteristics also affect their lifestyle. Patients who self-performed washing, cleaning, and cooking had higher daily life functions compared with those who did not self-perform the housework (t = 2.11 - 2.40, p = 0.018 - 0.035). There was no significant statistical difference in daily life functions based on the presence or absence of a housemate. Significant correlation of life function points with washing, cleaning, and cooking was only found in 'cleaning on their own' (? = .15, p = .001). From the above, it has been recognized that patients who self-perform washing, cleaning, and cooking have a high daily life functions, and that that doing self-cleaning can improve such functions. Furthermore, life functions can be improved by increasing practice opportunities not only during training in the institution but also in their daily life. Conclusion: It has been recognized that patients who self-perform washing, cleaning, and cooking have a high daily life functions, and that that doing self-cleaning can improve such functions.en
dc.subjectThe life functionsen
dc.subjectPsychiatric day-care centersen
dc.subjectSchizophreniaen
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:52:21Z-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:52:21Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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