2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335454
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Situations Among Novice Nurses and Preceptor: They Cannot be Assertive
Author(s):
Suzuki, Eiko; Azuma, Tomomi; Kobiyama, Atsuko; Takayama, Yuko; Sato, Yukiko; Maruyama, Akiko; Saito, Miyuki
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Eiko Suzuki, PhD, eikosuzuki@iuhw.ac.jp; Tomomi Azuma, PhD, RN; Atsuko Kobiyama, RN; Yuko Takayama, RN; Yukiko Sato, PhD; Akiko Maruyama, PhD; Miyuki Saito, PhD, RN, PHN
Abstract:
Session presented on Saturday, July 26, 2014: Purpose: This study describes the situations where novice nurses and preceptor nurses felt 'I wanted to decline, but I could not do so' on the job relatively. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 102 novice nurses and 52 preceptor in each workshop. Having been explained the definition of assertiveness in the questionnaire, participants were asked about the situations and reasons where they have felt: 'I wanted to decline but could not do so' as 'using an example at the workplace from the past year of when they felt they wanted to be assertive and could not be'. Three situations labeled, 'what happened', 'what I wanted to do', and 'what I could not do' and their reasons were extracted from the scenarios described in the questionnaire. A content analysis based on Krippendorff's method was carried out on their described messages by focusing on the context. The situations were classified for each participant, and categorized based on the similarity of the situations. Results: Novice nurse's number of valid responses was 81, and the average age was 23.7 years old. Preceptor's number valid responses was 42, and the mean age was 33.3 years old. The situations where the participant novice nurses felt 'I could not be assertive toward my seniors' yielded the following nine categories: (1) I cannot decline tasks assigned to me; (2) I cannot say anything about my senior's unfavorable behavior; (3) I cannot say I'm confused by the unstructured instructions; (4) I cannot argue against my senior's scolding or pointing out grievances regarding my work; (5) I cannot argue about my senior's behavior toward me and novice nurses; (6) I cannot declare my uneasiness about the work; (7) I cannot argue about a false accusation of errors made by my senior; (8) I cannot decline private requests; and (9) Others. The situations where the preceptor felt the following seven categories: 'Nursing practice', 'Dependent behavior', 'Lack of feeling strain', 'Inappropriate language', 'Presentation of the homework', 'Appearance', 'Character of novice nurse'. Conclusion: Novice nurses were in situations where they could not decline to do something or were made to feel uneasiness about fulfilling their duties, or declining overtime work, and not being able to communicate or report necessary messages, all of which were potential situations that could contribute to medical accidents. The preceptors considered relationships with novice nurses to be important. This study made us realize the importance of assertiveness education for novice nurses. As well, it suggested the necessity to ensure the assertiveness of the whole ward by improving the assertiveness of preceptors or bosses.
Keywords:
novice nurse; asseetiveness; preceptor
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
11 ; 11
Other Identifiers:
INRC14PST192
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleSituations Among Novice Nurses and Preceptor: They Cannot be Assertiveen
dc.contributor.authorSuzuki, Eikoen
dc.contributor.authorAzuma, Tomomien
dc.contributor.authorKobiyama, Atsukoen
dc.contributor.authorTakayama, Yukoen
dc.contributor.authorSato, Yukikoen
dc.contributor.authorMaruyama, Akikoen
dc.contributor.authorSaito, Miyukien
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsEiko Suzuki, PhD, eikosuzuki@iuhw.ac.jp; Tomomi Azuma, PhD, RN; Atsuko Kobiyama, RN; Yuko Takayama, RN; Yukiko Sato, PhD; Akiko Maruyama, PhD; Miyuki Saito, PhD, RN, PHNen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335454-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Saturday, July 26, 2014: Purpose: This study describes the situations where novice nurses and preceptor nurses felt 'I wanted to decline, but I could not do so' on the job relatively. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 102 novice nurses and 52 preceptor in each workshop. Having been explained the definition of assertiveness in the questionnaire, participants were asked about the situations and reasons where they have felt: 'I wanted to decline but could not do so' as 'using an example at the workplace from the past year of when they felt they wanted to be assertive and could not be'. Three situations labeled, 'what happened', 'what I wanted to do', and 'what I could not do' and their reasons were extracted from the scenarios described in the questionnaire. A content analysis based on Krippendorff's method was carried out on their described messages by focusing on the context. The situations were classified for each participant, and categorized based on the similarity of the situations. Results: Novice nurse's number of valid responses was 81, and the average age was 23.7 years old. Preceptor's number valid responses was 42, and the mean age was 33.3 years old. The situations where the participant novice nurses felt 'I could not be assertive toward my seniors' yielded the following nine categories: (1) I cannot decline tasks assigned to me; (2) I cannot say anything about my senior's unfavorable behavior; (3) I cannot say I'm confused by the unstructured instructions; (4) I cannot argue against my senior's scolding or pointing out grievances regarding my work; (5) I cannot argue about my senior's behavior toward me and novice nurses; (6) I cannot declare my uneasiness about the work; (7) I cannot argue about a false accusation of errors made by my senior; (8) I cannot decline private requests; and (9) Others. The situations where the preceptor felt the following seven categories: 'Nursing practice', 'Dependent behavior', 'Lack of feeling strain', 'Inappropriate language', 'Presentation of the homework', 'Appearance', 'Character of novice nurse'. Conclusion: Novice nurses were in situations where they could not decline to do something or were made to feel uneasiness about fulfilling their duties, or declining overtime work, and not being able to communicate or report necessary messages, all of which were potential situations that could contribute to medical accidents. The preceptors considered relationships with novice nurses to be important. This study made us realize the importance of assertiveness education for novice nurses. As well, it suggested the necessity to ensure the assertiveness of the whole ward by improving the assertiveness of preceptors or bosses.en
dc.subjectnovice nurseen
dc.subjectasseetivenessen
dc.subjectpreceptoren
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:52:52Z-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:52:52Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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