Exploring Nurses' Barriers, Attitudes and Related Factors in Reporting Medication Administration Errors

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335460
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Exploring Nurses' Barriers, Attitudes and Related Factors in Reporting Medication Administration Errors
Author(s):
Tang, Fu-In; Hai-Peng, Yung
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Fu-In Tang, PhD, fitang@ym.edu.tw; Yung Hai-Peng, RN. MSN
Abstract:
Session presented on Saturday, July 26, 2014: Purpose: Medication safety is a major concern worldwide that directly relates to patient care quality and patient safety. Reducing medication administration error incidents is a critical medication safety issue. Research indicated that most of medication errors happened during the administration stage. However, nurses estimated that only 25% to 63% of medication administration errors (MAEs) were actually reported. Understanding of nurses' barriers in reporting MAEs, their attitudes and related factors is the initial step to strengthen medication safety. The purposes of this study were to explore nurses' perceptions of reporting barriers and attitudes in reporting MAEs and to examine the relationship between the barriers and attitudes in MAEs reporting. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive correlational design with self-administered questionnaire filled out by the nurses of a medical center hospital in northern Taiwan was conducted. The measurement tools included the Barriers to MAEs Reporting Questionnaire and Attitudes to MAEs reporting Questionnaire. These questionnaires were developed from literature and expert input and validated by subject experts (content validity) and a pilot study. 340 nurses responded to the survey, with 306 valid questionnaires used in the data analysis of this study. Results: The major perceived barrier was fear of the consequences of reporting (3.18 ' 0.48), followed by lack of perceptions in reporting (2.72 ' 0.75) and the negtive impact by the administrator's attitudes (2.36 ' 0.54). The staff nurses' perceptions of reporting barriers was higher than nurse administrators with a significant difference (2.75 ' 0.34 vs. 2.61 ' 0.35; t=2.71; p=.007). Nurses' perceptions of reporting attitudes was neutral yet slightly positive (2.47 ' 0.40); but the nurse administrators had a more positive attitudes than staff nurses (2.91 ' 0.42 vs. 2.38 ' 0.33; t=-8.43; p=.001). The study also reveals that the more barriers nurses perceived, the more negative attitudes to MAEs reporting. The barriers to MAEs reporting and attitudes to MAEs reporting were negative association (r =-.41; p=.001). Among a total of 306 administration errors were collected, most errors had occurred during the day shift (45.8%; 140/306). The most common errors involved wrong dose (50.7%; 155/306) and wrong drug (35.9%; 110/306). Among 306 actual errors, 85.6% (262/306) of patients showed no adverse effects. Oral reporting rates to the nursing department 93.8% (255/272), nurses most common reported to head nurse 76.1% (207/272) and coworkers 62.5% (170/272); only 28.0% (58/207) of the errors had been reported through the hospital internet reporting system. Conclusion: This study shows that the nurses still have fear and feel insecure even when the administration encourages reporting without blaming; the attitudes of reporting MAEs is also not very positive. Thus, it is advisable to strengthen the perceptions of reporting and improve the nurses' attitudes in reporting MAEs for the overall improvement in MAEs reporting culture.
Keywords:
reporting; medication administration errors
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
11 ; 11
Other Identifiers:
INRC14PST195
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleExploring Nurses' Barriers, Attitudes and Related Factors in Reporting Medication Administration Errorsen
dc.contributor.authorTang, Fu-Inen
dc.contributor.authorHai-Peng, Yungen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsFu-In Tang, PhD, fitang@ym.edu.tw; Yung Hai-Peng, RN. MSNen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335460-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Saturday, July 26, 2014: Purpose: Medication safety is a major concern worldwide that directly relates to patient care quality and patient safety. Reducing medication administration error incidents is a critical medication safety issue. Research indicated that most of medication errors happened during the administration stage. However, nurses estimated that only 25% to 63% of medication administration errors (MAEs) were actually reported. Understanding of nurses' barriers in reporting MAEs, their attitudes and related factors is the initial step to strengthen medication safety. The purposes of this study were to explore nurses' perceptions of reporting barriers and attitudes in reporting MAEs and to examine the relationship between the barriers and attitudes in MAEs reporting. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive correlational design with self-administered questionnaire filled out by the nurses of a medical center hospital in northern Taiwan was conducted. The measurement tools included the Barriers to MAEs Reporting Questionnaire and Attitudes to MAEs reporting Questionnaire. These questionnaires were developed from literature and expert input and validated by subject experts (content validity) and a pilot study. 340 nurses responded to the survey, with 306 valid questionnaires used in the data analysis of this study. Results: The major perceived barrier was fear of the consequences of reporting (3.18 ' 0.48), followed by lack of perceptions in reporting (2.72 ' 0.75) and the negtive impact by the administrator's attitudes (2.36 ' 0.54). The staff nurses' perceptions of reporting barriers was higher than nurse administrators with a significant difference (2.75 ' 0.34 vs. 2.61 ' 0.35; t=2.71; p=.007). Nurses' perceptions of reporting attitudes was neutral yet slightly positive (2.47 ' 0.40); but the nurse administrators had a more positive attitudes than staff nurses (2.91 ' 0.42 vs. 2.38 ' 0.33; t=-8.43; p=.001). The study also reveals that the more barriers nurses perceived, the more negative attitudes to MAEs reporting. The barriers to MAEs reporting and attitudes to MAEs reporting were negative association (r =-.41; p=.001). Among a total of 306 administration errors were collected, most errors had occurred during the day shift (45.8%; 140/306). The most common errors involved wrong dose (50.7%; 155/306) and wrong drug (35.9%; 110/306). Among 306 actual errors, 85.6% (262/306) of patients showed no adverse effects. Oral reporting rates to the nursing department 93.8% (255/272), nurses most common reported to head nurse 76.1% (207/272) and coworkers 62.5% (170/272); only 28.0% (58/207) of the errors had been reported through the hospital internet reporting system. Conclusion: This study shows that the nurses still have fear and feel insecure even when the administration encourages reporting without blaming; the attitudes of reporting MAEs is also not very positive. Thus, it is advisable to strengthen the perceptions of reporting and improve the nurses' attitudes in reporting MAEs for the overall improvement in MAEs reporting culture.en
dc.subjectreportingen
dc.subjectmedication administration errorsen
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:53:01Z-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:53:01Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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