Regional Maternal and Child Health Efforts By Nurses, Local Residents, and Civic Organizations From 1936 in Japan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335503
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Regional Maternal and Child Health Efforts By Nurses, Local Residents, and Civic Organizations From 1936 in Japan
Author(s):
Yumoto, Atsuko; Tanaka, Sachiko; Kawahara, Yukari; Ogawa, Keiko; Yarimizo, Kazuko
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Atsuko Yumoto, MA, CNM, ayumoto@dokkyomed.ac.jp; Sachiko Tanaka, RN, PhD; Yukari Kawahara, PhD, RN; Keiko Ogawa, MA, CNM; Kazuko Yarimizo, BS
Abstract:
Session presented on Saturday, July 26, 2014: Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe the efforts of regional organizations and civic organizations as well as collaborations with local nursing professionals that have implemented national policies for improving maternal and child health from 1936 to present in Japan. Methods: Historical study based on interviews and reference materials. Semi-structured interviews with 16 individuals including OB/OG from the Maternal and Child Health Division of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, related groups, researchers, and specialists. Review of relevant materials from related institutions and libraries. The research was approved by the ethics committees of the affiliated organizations. Results: Notable regional sources of non-specialist workers in maternal and child health in Japan include “aiiku-han” from 1936 onward, “health helpers” (hoken hodouin) from about 1945 onward, and “Maternal and Child Health Promoters” after the Maternal and Child Health Law was enacted in 1965. The activities of these groups focus on local women and include comprehending the health condition of mothers and children by making home visits, promoting doctor visits, and helping with health classes and checkups. Various civic organizations related to maternal and child health were established in the 1950s. They became responsible for some non-specialist efforts in maternal and child health such as issuing bulletins and statistical data about regional governing bodies and related agencies, spreading knowledge about and advocating for maternal and child health, releasing various educational materials and guides to the general population, and supporting local residents. The number of local public health nurses began to grow rapidly when “Local Health Centers” were established in 1978. Local public health nurses and midwives were responsible for guiding these regional maternal and child health organizations and their staff as professionals and expanded efforts in maternal and child health through collaborations and partnerships. Conclusion: The nurses and medical professionals that directly provide services needed to work together with local residents and civic groups to ensure that the maternal and child health policy of the Japanese government would be utilized by all mothers and children, that it would take root, and that it would work effectively to improve maternal and child health.
Keywords:
Policy Implementation; Maternal and Child Health; Collaboration
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item related to this abstract, you may find it by browsing the repository by author. If author contact information is availabe in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleRegional Maternal and Child Health Efforts By Nurses, Local Residents, and Civic Organizations From 1936 in Japanen_GB
dc.contributor.authorYumoto, Atsukoen_GB
dc.contributor.authorTanaka, Sachikoen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKawahara, Yukarien_GB
dc.contributor.authorOgawa, Keikoen_GB
dc.contributor.authorYarimizo, Kazukoen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen_GB
dc.author.detailsAtsuko Yumoto, MA, CNM, ayumoto@dokkyomed.ac.jp; Sachiko Tanaka, RN, PhD; Yukari Kawahara, PhD, RN; Keiko Ogawa, MA, CNM; Kazuko Yarimizo, BSen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335503-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Saturday, July 26, 2014: Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe the efforts of regional organizations and civic organizations as well as collaborations with local nursing professionals that have implemented national policies for improving maternal and child health from 1936 to present in Japan. Methods: Historical study based on interviews and reference materials. Semi-structured interviews with 16 individuals including OB/OG from the Maternal and Child Health Division of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, related groups, researchers, and specialists. Review of relevant materials from related institutions and libraries. The research was approved by the ethics committees of the affiliated organizations. Results: Notable regional sources of non-specialist workers in maternal and child health in Japan include “aiiku-han” from 1936 onward, “health helpers” (hoken hodouin) from about 1945 onward, and “Maternal and Child Health Promoters” after the Maternal and Child Health Law was enacted in 1965. The activities of these groups focus on local women and include comprehending the health condition of mothers and children by making home visits, promoting doctor visits, and helping with health classes and checkups. Various civic organizations related to maternal and child health were established in the 1950s. They became responsible for some non-specialist efforts in maternal and child health such as issuing bulletins and statistical data about regional governing bodies and related agencies, spreading knowledge about and advocating for maternal and child health, releasing various educational materials and guides to the general population, and supporting local residents. The number of local public health nurses began to grow rapidly when “Local Health Centers” were established in 1978. Local public health nurses and midwives were responsible for guiding these regional maternal and child health organizations and their staff as professionals and expanded efforts in maternal and child health through collaborations and partnerships. Conclusion: The nurses and medical professionals that directly provide services needed to work together with local residents and civic groups to ensure that the maternal and child health policy of the Japanese government would be utilized by all mothers and children, that it would take root, and that it would work effectively to improve maternal and child health.en_GB
dc.subjectPolicy Implementationen_GB
dc.subjectMaternal and Child Healthen_GB
dc.subjectCollaborationen_GB
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:53:59Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:53:59Z-
dc.conference.date2014en_GB
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen_GB
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item related to this abstract, you may find it by browsing the repository by author. If author contact information is availabe in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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