A Primary Health Care Campus Drive in Responding to a Research Study of University Students' Knowledge, Perception Towards Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection and Vaccination, and Acceptance of Vaccination for Themselves: Comparison Between Males and Fem

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335555
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Primary Health Care Campus Drive in Responding to a Research Study of University Students' Knowledge, Perception Towards Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection and Vaccination, and Acceptance of Vaccination for Themselves: Comparison Between Males and Fem
Author(s):
Wong, Kar Yan Alice
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Pi Iota
Author Details:
Kar Yan Alice Wong, PhD RN, alice.ky.wong@polyu.edu.hk
Abstract:
Session presented on Saturday, July 26, 2014: Title: A primary health care campus drive in responding to a research study of university students' knowledge, perception towards Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection and vaccination, and acceptance of vaccination for themselves: comparison between male and female students in Hong Kong. Background: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection becomes one of the commonest sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) nowadays. The common types of HPV caused more than 70% of cervical cancers and 90% of genital warts worldwide. Two HPV vaccines were available since 2006, which were approved to be safe and effective in preventing HPV-related infections. The effectiveness is optimal in people before sexual activity. As the mean age of first sex in Hong Kong found was 20 years old, it is vital to understand the vaccination status, acceptance, knowledge and perception towards HPV infection and vaccination among Hong Kong undergraduates who is the target group of vaccination. Aim: To train first year nursing students to promote primary health care (PHC) on campus during Summer 2013 by addressing the myth versus knowledge, perception and acceptance towards HPV infection and vaccination between male and female university students in Hong Kong. Method: Former research findings obtained from self-administered questionnaire including socio-demographic characteristics, awareness, knowledge and perceptions of HPV infection and vaccination, sexual history, medical history of personal and significant others as well as vaccination status, was used in the study. The HPV prevention health pamphlets and mobile board games were used to achieve health prevention for both male and female undergraduates. Results: Over a thousand peer-students-encounter of primary healthcare activities were conducted in following up the results based on former research study from 2243 of undergraduates participants. 14.6% (n=180) of female have received the vaccine when only 1.4% (n=1011) of male have initiated with a significant difference (p=0.000). The acceptance varied between genders as 20.7% of female accepted and 2.1% of male accepted (p=0.000). They had moderate knowledge level towards HPV when female scored higher significantly (p=0.000). The relationship between knowledge level and acceptance was shown in female group when the accepted one had higher knowledge. Perceptions which were assessed by the Health Belief Model (HBM) showed significant differences among them. Male had lower susceptibility, severity, benefits, cues to action and self-efficacy with higher barriers (all p=0.000). The relationship between all items of perceptions and acceptance were shown in female group when the relationship of perceived barriers and acceptance was shown in male group. Conclusion: As PHC activity prepared students were using different purposive strategies for health education and promotions for undergraduates as the differences between genders and age group were identified.
Keywords:
HPV prevention; primary health care; university students
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item related to this abstract, you may find it by browsing the repository by author. If author contact information is availabe in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Primary Health Care Campus Drive in Responding to a Research Study of University Students' Knowledge, Perception Towards Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection and Vaccination, and Acceptance of Vaccination for Themselves: Comparison Between Males and Femen_GB
dc.contributor.authorWong, Kar Yan Aliceen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentPi Iotaen_GB
dc.author.detailsKar Yan Alice Wong, PhD RN, alice.ky.wong@polyu.edu.hken_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335555-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Saturday, July 26, 2014: Title: A primary health care campus drive in responding to a research study of university students' knowledge, perception towards Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection and vaccination, and acceptance of vaccination for themselves: comparison between male and female students in Hong Kong. Background: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection becomes one of the commonest sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) nowadays. The common types of HPV caused more than 70% of cervical cancers and 90% of genital warts worldwide. Two HPV vaccines were available since 2006, which were approved to be safe and effective in preventing HPV-related infections. The effectiveness is optimal in people before sexual activity. As the mean age of first sex in Hong Kong found was 20 years old, it is vital to understand the vaccination status, acceptance, knowledge and perception towards HPV infection and vaccination among Hong Kong undergraduates who is the target group of vaccination. Aim: To train first year nursing students to promote primary health care (PHC) on campus during Summer 2013 by addressing the myth versus knowledge, perception and acceptance towards HPV infection and vaccination between male and female university students in Hong Kong. Method: Former research findings obtained from self-administered questionnaire including socio-demographic characteristics, awareness, knowledge and perceptions of HPV infection and vaccination, sexual history, medical history of personal and significant others as well as vaccination status, was used in the study. The HPV prevention health pamphlets and mobile board games were used to achieve health prevention for both male and female undergraduates. Results: Over a thousand peer-students-encounter of primary healthcare activities were conducted in following up the results based on former research study from 2243 of undergraduates participants. 14.6% (n=180) of female have received the vaccine when only 1.4% (n=1011) of male have initiated with a significant difference (p=0.000). The acceptance varied between genders as 20.7% of female accepted and 2.1% of male accepted (p=0.000). They had moderate knowledge level towards HPV when female scored higher significantly (p=0.000). The relationship between knowledge level and acceptance was shown in female group when the accepted one had higher knowledge. Perceptions which were assessed by the Health Belief Model (HBM) showed significant differences among them. Male had lower susceptibility, severity, benefits, cues to action and self-efficacy with higher barriers (all p=0.000). The relationship between all items of perceptions and acceptance were shown in female group when the relationship of perceived barriers and acceptance was shown in male group. Conclusion: As PHC activity prepared students were using different purposive strategies for health education and promotions for undergraduates as the differences between genders and age group were identified.en_GB
dc.subjectHPV preventionen_GB
dc.subjectprimary health careen_GB
dc.subjectuniversity studentsen_GB
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:54:52Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:54:52Z-
dc.conference.date2014en_GB
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen_GB
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item related to this abstract, you may find it by browsing the repository by author. If author contact information is availabe in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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