The Relationship Between ADHD and School Attendance, School Behavior, and School Performance

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335563
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Relationship Between ADHD and School Attendance, School Behavior, and School Performance
Author(s):
Pontes, Nancy M. H.; Pontes, Manuel C. F.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Nancy M. H. Pontes, PhD, RN, APN, FNP-BC, nancy.pontes@camden.rutgers.edu; Manuel C. F. Pontes, PhD
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: Previous research has shown that Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD) is negatively associated with school attendance and school performance, and positively associated with school behavioral problems. However, these studies were conducted with samples drawn from individual schools or school districts. Few studies were conducted with nationally representative samples.'One such study from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) was based on parent report, and did show a positive association between ADHD and missed days of school.'The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between ADHD and school attendance, school behavior, and school performance of school-aged children in the US using a large nationally representative sample. Methods: Multivariate analyses were used to examine the relationship between ADHD and school attendance, school behavior and school performance.'Data are from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 2008-11 (MEPS), using a complex survey design.'The Columbia Impairment Scale (CIS) was used to measure problems with school behavior and school work.'The analysis was done by SAS version 9.2, using proc surveymeans, surveyfreq and surveylogistic for data analyses.'Results: ADHD had a significant positive relationship to increased school absences, and greater problems with school behavior and schoolwork.'Analyses with health insurance, family income, family structure, and gender as covariates showed that ADHD had a significant positive relationship with increased school absences and problems with schoolwork. Conclusions: These data illustrate the significant burden of ADHD on school performance. While some research has shown that better management of ADHD in school settings improve outcomes, further research is needed. More specifically, multidisciplinary teams with advanced practice nurses such as nurse practitioners in school-based health centers should be further explored to see if their intervention is associated with improved school performance in these children.
Keywords:
Medical Expense Panel Survey (MEPS); School-based Health Center
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
11 ; 11
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleThe Relationship Between ADHD and School Attendance, School Behavior, and School Performanceen
dc.contributor.authorPontes, Nancy M. H.en
dc.contributor.authorPontes, Manuel C. F.en
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsNancy M. H. Pontes, PhD, RN, APN, FNP-BC, nancy.pontes@camden.rutgers.edu; Manuel C. F. Pontes, PhDen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335563-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: Previous research has shown that Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD) is negatively associated with school attendance and school performance, and positively associated with school behavioral problems. However, these studies were conducted with samples drawn from individual schools or school districts. Few studies were conducted with nationally representative samples.'One such study from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) was based on parent report, and did show a positive association between ADHD and missed days of school.'The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between ADHD and school attendance, school behavior, and school performance of school-aged children in the US using a large nationally representative sample. Methods: Multivariate analyses were used to examine the relationship between ADHD and school attendance, school behavior and school performance.'Data are from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 2008-11 (MEPS), using a complex survey design.'The Columbia Impairment Scale (CIS) was used to measure problems with school behavior and school work.'The analysis was done by SAS version 9.2, using proc surveymeans, surveyfreq and surveylogistic for data analyses.'Results: ADHD had a significant positive relationship to increased school absences, and greater problems with school behavior and schoolwork.'Analyses with health insurance, family income, family structure, and gender as covariates showed that ADHD had a significant positive relationship with increased school absences and problems with schoolwork. Conclusions: These data illustrate the significant burden of ADHD on school performance. While some research has shown that better management of ADHD in school settings improve outcomes, further research is needed. More specifically, multidisciplinary teams with advanced practice nurses such as nurse practitioners in school-based health centers should be further explored to see if their intervention is associated with improved school performance in these children.en
dc.subjectMedical Expense Panel Survey (MEPS)en
dc.subjectSchool-based Health Centeren
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:55:00Z-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:55:00Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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