Effectiveness of Patient Engagement Through Population-Focused Health Education on Health Outcomes

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335567
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effectiveness of Patient Engagement Through Population-Focused Health Education on Health Outcomes
Author(s):
Samson, Linda F.; Aruffo, Sylvia
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Lambda Lambda
Author Details:
Linda F. Samson, PhD, RN, BC, NEA, BC, lsamson@govst.edu; Sylvia Aruffo, PhD
Abstract:
Session presented on Monday, July 28, 2014: The burden of chronic illness on patients and families continues to grow. This is particularly true for high-risk populations where the incidence of diabetes, hypertension, and the complications of these conditions disproportionately effects minority and underserved individuals. Despite the fact that the causes of these disparities vary, a number of management strategies appear to be effective in improving overall health status of individuals suffering from these diseases. This presentation reviews the development of an evidence-based model for community based participatory research that leads to patient engagement and improved health literacy. Identifying obesity as one of the triggers for hypertension and diabetes in African American women, a group of community and faith leaders working with the research team developed a faith-based initiative called Women of Wonder. The intervention was conducted in a local church using the minister and other volunteers. The project provided women with health education, blood pressure testing, weight measurement, nutritional support, group support, and counseling. Over the 26 weeks of the project the participants were able to reduce blood pressure and weight and sustain the losses for an additional 52 weeks through long-term life style changes. This success led to other projects that attempted to delineate factors for success. Several projects developed around chronic disease self- management used peer coaches to create patient engagement. In each of these peer coaches were trained using a classroom model. They were then sent into homes to assist others with the same health care issues to help them improve their health status. Although effective in reducing hospital and emergency room utilization the level of patient engagement was not present in the peer mentor models. More recently the team and community has been addressing the issue of health literacy after recognizing that an ongoing barrier to health care remains the issue of understanding and participating in care decisions. Current interventions include use of materials that are developed after ethnographic research is conducted to understand patient meaning and issues. Then from this framework materials are developed to meet the needs of the patient and provide information that they find useful. Tools developed using this format have had widespread success in a number of settings in reducing costs of health care, readmission rates, emergency room utilization, and patient satisfaction. Recent literature suggests that engaging patients in the care delivery process through health literacy may reduce or eliminate some of the social barriers to health care.
Keywords:
Patient Engagement; Culturally and linguistically appropriate care; Health Literacy
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item related to this abstract, you may find it by browsing the repository by author. If author contact information is availabe in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffectiveness of Patient Engagement Through Population-Focused Health Education on Health Outcomesen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSamson, Linda F.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorAruffo, Sylviaen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentLambda Lambdaen_GB
dc.author.detailsLinda F. Samson, PhD, RN, BC, NEA, BC, lsamson@govst.edu; Sylvia Aruffo, PhDen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335567-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Monday, July 28, 2014: The burden of chronic illness on patients and families continues to grow. This is particularly true for high-risk populations where the incidence of diabetes, hypertension, and the complications of these conditions disproportionately effects minority and underserved individuals. Despite the fact that the causes of these disparities vary, a number of management strategies appear to be effective in improving overall health status of individuals suffering from these diseases. This presentation reviews the development of an evidence-based model for community based participatory research that leads to patient engagement and improved health literacy. Identifying obesity as one of the triggers for hypertension and diabetes in African American women, a group of community and faith leaders working with the research team developed a faith-based initiative called Women of Wonder. The intervention was conducted in a local church using the minister and other volunteers. The project provided women with health education, blood pressure testing, weight measurement, nutritional support, group support, and counseling. Over the 26 weeks of the project the participants were able to reduce blood pressure and weight and sustain the losses for an additional 52 weeks through long-term life style changes. This success led to other projects that attempted to delineate factors for success. Several projects developed around chronic disease self- management used peer coaches to create patient engagement. In each of these peer coaches were trained using a classroom model. They were then sent into homes to assist others with the same health care issues to help them improve their health status. Although effective in reducing hospital and emergency room utilization the level of patient engagement was not present in the peer mentor models. More recently the team and community has been addressing the issue of health literacy after recognizing that an ongoing barrier to health care remains the issue of understanding and participating in care decisions. Current interventions include use of materials that are developed after ethnographic research is conducted to understand patient meaning and issues. Then from this framework materials are developed to meet the needs of the patient and provide information that they find useful. Tools developed using this format have had widespread success in a number of settings in reducing costs of health care, readmission rates, emergency room utilization, and patient satisfaction. Recent literature suggests that engaging patients in the care delivery process through health literacy may reduce or eliminate some of the social barriers to health care.en_GB
dc.subjectPatient Engagementen_GB
dc.subjectCulturally and linguistically appropriate careen_GB
dc.subjectHealth Literacyen_GB
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:55:03Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:55:03Z-
dc.conference.date2014en_GB
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen_GB
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item related to this abstract, you may find it by browsing the repository by author. If author contact information is availabe in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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