Comparison of Family Eating Habits and Activity Practices Among Blacks, Hispanics, and Filipinos: Implications for Prevention and Control of Overweight and Obesity

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335574
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Comparison of Family Eating Habits and Activity Practices Among Blacks, Hispanics, and Filipinos: Implications for Prevention and Control of Overweight and Obesity
Author(s):
Porter, Luz S.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Upsilon
Author Details:
Luz S. Porter, PhD, MSN, BSN, ARNP, FAAN, FAANP, luzporter@comcast.net
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose : The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the eating habits and physical activity practices among Filipino, Black, and Hispanic families. Overweight and obesity among children and adults is well-documented as an escalating problem. Concern about this rise centers on the link between obesity and increased health risks that translate into increased medical care and costs. Preventing childhood obesity is a national priority. Findings of earlier studies point to the interplay betweeNon-membermong personal attributes and environmental factors in development of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on a sample of 78 mother-child dyads, comprised of 22% Black, 50% Hispanic, and 16% Filipinos, aged 7- 17 years (children) and 24-55 years (mothers).' The data, collected via self-administered questionnaires and guided interview (Family Eating and Activity Habits Questionnaire and Background Information Questionnaire), were analyzed via descriptive and inferential statistics (t-tests, ANOVA, linear regression). Findings significant at p <.05 are interpreted as statistically significant; findings falling between p=.05 and p=.10 are interpreted as showing trends.'Results: Findings revealed differences in eating and activity practices between Blacks and Hispanics or Filipinos. There was an inverse correlation between the mothers' or children's weight and activity level. Overweight mothers tend to have overweight children.' Mother-child dyads were similar in eating pace.' The 3 ethnic groups spend most of their physical activity time in TV viewing and computer usage. Conclusion: Research findings may raise public awareness of the increasing prevalence and consequences of overweight and obesity in mothers and children, particularly among Hispanics and Blacks. Study findings provide a database for nurse practitioners and other health service providers for the development of culturally sensitive, focused public health education programs.
Keywords:
Cross-cultural Study; Quantitative Research; Obesity
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
11 ; 11
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleComparison of Family Eating Habits and Activity Practices Among Blacks, Hispanics, and Filipinos: Implications for Prevention and Control of Overweight and Obesityen
dc.contributor.authorPorter, Luz S.en
dc.contributor.departmentUpsilonen
dc.author.detailsLuz S. Porter, PhD, MSN, BSN, ARNP, FAAN, FAANP, luzporter@comcast.neten
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335574-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose : The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the eating habits and physical activity practices among Filipino, Black, and Hispanic families. Overweight and obesity among children and adults is well-documented as an escalating problem. Concern about this rise centers on the link between obesity and increased health risks that translate into increased medical care and costs. Preventing childhood obesity is a national priority. Findings of earlier studies point to the interplay betweeNon-membermong personal attributes and environmental factors in development of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on a sample of 78 mother-child dyads, comprised of 22% Black, 50% Hispanic, and 16% Filipinos, aged 7- 17 years (children) and 24-55 years (mothers).' The data, collected via self-administered questionnaires and guided interview (Family Eating and Activity Habits Questionnaire and Background Information Questionnaire), were analyzed via descriptive and inferential statistics (t-tests, ANOVA, linear regression). Findings significant at p <.05 are interpreted as statistically significant; findings falling between p=.05 and p=.10 are interpreted as showing trends.'Results: Findings revealed differences in eating and activity practices between Blacks and Hispanics or Filipinos. There was an inverse correlation between the mothers' or children's weight and activity level. Overweight mothers tend to have overweight children.' Mother-child dyads were similar in eating pace.' The 3 ethnic groups spend most of their physical activity time in TV viewing and computer usage. Conclusion: Research findings may raise public awareness of the increasing prevalence and consequences of overweight and obesity in mothers and children, particularly among Hispanics and Blacks. Study findings provide a database for nurse practitioners and other health service providers for the development of culturally sensitive, focused public health education programs.en
dc.subjectCross-cultural Studyen
dc.subjectQuantitative Researchen
dc.subjectObesityen
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:55:11Z-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:55:11Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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