Workplace Violence Towards Nurses at Private and Government Healthcare Settings of Karachi Pakistan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335592
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Workplace Violence Towards Nurses at Private and Government Healthcare Settings of Karachi Pakistan
Author(s):
Somani, Rozina
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Rho Delta
Author Details:
Rozina Somani, BScN, MScN, rozina.somani@aku.edu
Abstract:
Session presented on Friday, July 25, 2014: Purpose: Workplace violence towards nurses is a worldwide problem. Among all healthcare workers, nurses are at a greater risk of being subjected to workplace violence. The present study identified the magnitude of the issue of violence towards nurses at the healthcare settings in Pakistan. This study aims to identify the prevalence and characteristics of physical and psychological violence which includes, verbal abuse, bullying/mobbing behavior, and sexual violence experienced by nurses working in all the In-patient units and the Emergency Departments of two private and two government healthcare settings in Karachi, Pakistan. This abstract will focus on the sexual harassment among nurses. Methods: This Cross-sectional study included 458 nurses from selected healthcare settings in Karachi, Pakistan. A simple random sampling method was used for the study. The instrument used for collecting the data was jointly developed by International Labour Office (ILO), International Council of Nurses (ICN), World Health Organization (WHO), and Public Services International (PSI). The primary investigator and the research assistant interviewed the participants to complete the study tool. Results: The present study found that workplace violence was prevalent among 82% of the nurses. The reported prevalence of sexual violence was 10%. It is likely that the mentioned prevalence of sexual abuse found in this study could be because of the negative image nurses have in the Pakistani society, the lack of training facilities for them to deal with sexual harassment, the lack of security measures taken to prevent sexual violence prevention, and a feeling of guilt associated with experience of sexual harassment. Female Nurses who fell in age group ranging between 19 and 29 years were mostly the victims of sexual violence. These nurses specifically belonged to the Medical Surgical units, and Emergency departments. Most of them were working in the shift duties. The most common perpetrators of sexual violence were found to be Patient’s relatives (47.8%), and the staff members (32.6%). With regard to sexual abuse (69.6% n= 32/46) nurses had not taken any action or had pretended that the incident had never taken place. 74% nurses experienced psychological symptoms at moderate to extreme levels after being victims of sexual harassment. Conclusion: This pioneer study is an attempt towards the implementation of one of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) goals, that is, a violence free healthcare environment. The study also put forward some evidence based recommendations; based on the findings, for the government, the nursing services, nursing educators, and for future research.
Keywords:
physical Violence; Verbal Abuse; Sexual Harrassment
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item related to this abstract, you may find it by browsing the repository by author. If author contact information is availabe in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleWorkplace Violence Towards Nurses at Private and Government Healthcare Settings of Karachi Pakistanen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSomani, Rozinaen_GB
dc.contributor.departmentRho Deltaen_GB
dc.author.detailsRozina Somani, BScN, MScN, rozina.somani@aku.eduen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335592-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Friday, July 25, 2014: Purpose: Workplace violence towards nurses is a worldwide problem. Among all healthcare workers, nurses are at a greater risk of being subjected to workplace violence. The present study identified the magnitude of the issue of violence towards nurses at the healthcare settings in Pakistan. This study aims to identify the prevalence and characteristics of physical and psychological violence which includes, verbal abuse, bullying/mobbing behavior, and sexual violence experienced by nurses working in all the In-patient units and the Emergency Departments of two private and two government healthcare settings in Karachi, Pakistan. This abstract will focus on the sexual harassment among nurses. Methods: This Cross-sectional study included 458 nurses from selected healthcare settings in Karachi, Pakistan. A simple random sampling method was used for the study. The instrument used for collecting the data was jointly developed by International Labour Office (ILO), International Council of Nurses (ICN), World Health Organization (WHO), and Public Services International (PSI). The primary investigator and the research assistant interviewed the participants to complete the study tool. Results: The present study found that workplace violence was prevalent among 82% of the nurses. The reported prevalence of sexual violence was 10%. It is likely that the mentioned prevalence of sexual abuse found in this study could be because of the negative image nurses have in the Pakistani society, the lack of training facilities for them to deal with sexual harassment, the lack of security measures taken to prevent sexual violence prevention, and a feeling of guilt associated with experience of sexual harassment. Female Nurses who fell in age group ranging between 19 and 29 years were mostly the victims of sexual violence. These nurses specifically belonged to the Medical Surgical units, and Emergency departments. Most of them were working in the shift duties. The most common perpetrators of sexual violence were found to be Patient’s relatives (47.8%), and the staff members (32.6%). With regard to sexual abuse (69.6% n= 32/46) nurses had not taken any action or had pretended that the incident had never taken place. 74% nurses experienced psychological symptoms at moderate to extreme levels after being victims of sexual harassment. Conclusion: This pioneer study is an attempt towards the implementation of one of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) goals, that is, a violence free healthcare environment. The study also put forward some evidence based recommendations; based on the findings, for the government, the nursing services, nursing educators, and for future research.en_GB
dc.subjectphysical Violenceen_GB
dc.subjectVerbal Abuseen_GB
dc.subjectSexual Harrassmenten_GB
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:55:30Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:55:30Z-
dc.conference.date2014en_GB
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen_GB
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item related to this abstract, you may find it by browsing the repository by author. If author contact information is availabe in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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