2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335617
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Factors Predicting Resourcefulness in Taiwanese Preadolescents
Author(s):
Wang, Ya-Fen; Zauszniewski, Jaclene A.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Lambda Beta-at-Large
Author Details:
Ya-Fen Wang, PhD, MSN, RN, ywang95@kent.edu; Jaclene A. Zauszniewski, PhD, RN-BC, FAAN
Abstract:
Session presented on Thursday, July 24, 2014: Background/Significance: Resourcefulness is a set of cognitive and behavioral skills for coping with stress in order to maintain quality of life. Resourcefulness begins to develop in early childhood and is reinforced by further learning throughout life. However, research examining intrinsic (individual) and extrinsic (family and caregiver) contextual factors in the development of resourcefulness in children is limited. Purpose: This study examined the effects of the intrinsic and extrinsic contextual factors on resourcefulness in Taiwanese preadolescents. Theoretical framework : Zauszniewski’s middle-range theory of resourcefulness and quality of life provided the context for examining the relationships among theory-driven variables. Subjects: A convenience sample of caregiver-preadolescent dyads from 368 families were recruited within communities in Taiwan. Methods: A cross-sectional approach was used to examine hypothesized predictive effects of intrinsic contextual factors (children’s age, gender, school performance, academic stress, and dispositional optimism/pessimism) and extrinsic contextual factors (family income, caregivers’ age, gender, education, dispositional optimism/pessimism, and resourcefulness) on preadolescent’s resourcefulness. Results: Academic stress and dispositional optimism were found to be significant predictors of preadolescents’ resourcefulness (beta = -.22, p < .001 and beta = .39, p < .001). Preadolescents’ age and gender did not have influence on their resourcefulness. Extrinsic contextual factors (family income, caregivers’ gender, education, dispositional optimism, and resourcefulness) did not predict preadolescents’ resourcefulness. Conclusion: The findings suggest that Taiwanese preadolescents’ resourcefulness was greatly influenced by their academic stress and dispositional optimism. Further research may explore longitudinal effects of academic stress and dispositional optimism on preadolescents’ resourcefulness in larger, more diverse samples.
Keywords:
Dispositional optimism; Resourcefulness; Academic stress
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item related to this abstract, you may find it by browsing the repository by author. If author contact information is availabe in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleFactors Predicting Resourcefulness in Taiwanese Preadolescentsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorWang, Ya-Fenen_GB
dc.contributor.authorZauszniewski, Jaclene A.en_GB
dc.contributor.departmentLambda Beta-at-Largeen_GB
dc.author.detailsYa-Fen Wang, PhD, MSN, RN, ywang95@kent.edu; Jaclene A. Zauszniewski, PhD, RN-BC, FAANen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335617-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Thursday, July 24, 2014: Background/Significance: Resourcefulness is a set of cognitive and behavioral skills for coping with stress in order to maintain quality of life. Resourcefulness begins to develop in early childhood and is reinforced by further learning throughout life. However, research examining intrinsic (individual) and extrinsic (family and caregiver) contextual factors in the development of resourcefulness in children is limited. Purpose: This study examined the effects of the intrinsic and extrinsic contextual factors on resourcefulness in Taiwanese preadolescents. Theoretical framework : Zauszniewski’s middle-range theory of resourcefulness and quality of life provided the context for examining the relationships among theory-driven variables. Subjects: A convenience sample of caregiver-preadolescent dyads from 368 families were recruited within communities in Taiwan. Methods: A cross-sectional approach was used to examine hypothesized predictive effects of intrinsic contextual factors (children’s age, gender, school performance, academic stress, and dispositional optimism/pessimism) and extrinsic contextual factors (family income, caregivers’ age, gender, education, dispositional optimism/pessimism, and resourcefulness) on preadolescent’s resourcefulness. Results: Academic stress and dispositional optimism were found to be significant predictors of preadolescents’ resourcefulness (beta = -.22, p < .001 and beta = .39, p < .001). Preadolescents’ age and gender did not have influence on their resourcefulness. Extrinsic contextual factors (family income, caregivers’ gender, education, dispositional optimism, and resourcefulness) did not predict preadolescents’ resourcefulness. Conclusion: The findings suggest that Taiwanese preadolescents’ resourcefulness was greatly influenced by their academic stress and dispositional optimism. Further research may explore longitudinal effects of academic stress and dispositional optimism on preadolescents’ resourcefulness in larger, more diverse samples.en_GB
dc.subjectDispositional optimismen_GB
dc.subjectResourcefulnessen_GB
dc.subjectAcademic stressen_GB
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:55:56Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:55:56Z-
dc.conference.date2014en_GB
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen_GB
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submitted a full-text item related to this abstract, you may find it by browsing the repository by author. If author contact information is availabe in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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