The Family Partners for Health Study: A Randomized Cluster Control Trial for Child and Parent Weight Management

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335657
Category:
Full-text
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Family Partners for Health Study: A Randomized Cluster Control Trial for Child and Parent Weight Management
Author(s):
Berry, Diane C.; Neal, Madeline; Aimyong, Natnaree; McMurray, Robert G.; Melkus, Gail D'Eramo; Hall, Emily Gail; Schwartz, Todd A.; Amatuli, Dean J.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Diane C. Berry, PhD, ANP-BC, FAANP, dberry@email.unc.edu; Madeline Neal, BS; Natnaree Aimyong, MSc; Robert G. McMurray, PhD; Gail D'Eramo Melkus, EdD, C-NP, FAAN; Emily Gail Hall, BS; Todd A. Schwartz, DrPH; Dean J. Amatuli, BS
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test a two-phased nutrition and exercise education, coping skills training, and exercise intervention for overweight or obese low-income ethnic minority 2nd to 4th grade children and their parents in rural North Carolina, U.S. Methods: A cluster randomized controlled trial was carried out with 358 children (7-10 years) and a parent (n = 358). General linear mixed models were used to determine the effects of the intervention on weight, adiposity, health behaviors and eating and exercise self-efficacy by examining changes in children and parents from baseline to completion of the study (18 months). Results: At 18 months, children in the experimental group did not have a significantly decreased BMI percentile (P = 0.470); however, they had slowed the increase of their triceps (P = 0.001) and subscapular skinfolds (P < 0.001), improved their dietary knowledge (P = 0.018), and they drank less than one glass of soda per day (P = 0.052) compared to the control group. Parents in the experimental group had decreased their BMI (P = 0.001), triceps (P < 0.001) and subscapular skinfolds (P < 0.001), increased their nutrition (P = 0.003) and exercise (P < 0.001) knowledge and more often drank water or unsweetened drinks (P = 0.029). At 18 months, children in the experimental group did not have a significant improvement in eating (P = 0.956) or exercise self-efficacy (P = 0.976). Experimental parents demonstrated improved socially acceptable eating self-efficacy (P = 0.013), however did not significantly improve their emotional eating self-efficacy (P = 0.155) or exercise self-efficacy (P = 0.680). Conclusion: The results suggest that including children and parents in the same intervention is an effective way to decrease adiposity and improve nutrition behaviors in both children and parents and improve weight and eating self-efficacy in parents.
Keywords:
obesity; parents; children
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
11 ; 11
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleThe Family Partners for Health Study: A Randomized Cluster Control Trial for Child and Parent Weight Managementen
dc.contributor.authorBerry, Diane C.en
dc.contributor.authorNeal, Madelineen
dc.contributor.authorAimyong, Natnareeen
dc.contributor.authorMcMurray, Robert G.en
dc.contributor.authorMelkus, Gail D'Eramoen
dc.contributor.authorHall, Emily Gailen
dc.contributor.authorSchwartz, Todd A.en
dc.contributor.authorAmatuli, Dean J.en
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsDiane C. Berry, PhD, ANP-BC, FAANP, dberry@email.unc.edu; Madeline Neal, BS; Natnaree Aimyong, MSc; Robert G. McMurray, PhD; Gail D'Eramo Melkus, EdD, C-NP, FAAN; Emily Gail Hall, BS; Todd A. Schwartz, DrPH; Dean J. Amatuli, BSen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335657-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, July 27, 2014: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test a two-phased nutrition and exercise education, coping skills training, and exercise intervention for overweight or obese low-income ethnic minority 2nd to 4th grade children and their parents in rural North Carolina, U.S. Methods: A cluster randomized controlled trial was carried out with 358 children (7-10 years) and a parent (n = 358). General linear mixed models were used to determine the effects of the intervention on weight, adiposity, health behaviors and eating and exercise self-efficacy by examining changes in children and parents from baseline to completion of the study (18 months). Results: At 18 months, children in the experimental group did not have a significantly decreased BMI percentile (P = 0.470); however, they had slowed the increase of their triceps (P = 0.001) and subscapular skinfolds (P < 0.001), improved their dietary knowledge (P = 0.018), and they drank less than one glass of soda per day (P = 0.052) compared to the control group. Parents in the experimental group had decreased their BMI (P = 0.001), triceps (P < 0.001) and subscapular skinfolds (P < 0.001), increased their nutrition (P = 0.003) and exercise (P < 0.001) knowledge and more often drank water or unsweetened drinks (P = 0.029). At 18 months, children in the experimental group did not have a significant improvement in eating (P = 0.956) or exercise self-efficacy (P = 0.976). Experimental parents demonstrated improved socially acceptable eating self-efficacy (P = 0.013), however did not significantly improve their emotional eating self-efficacy (P = 0.155) or exercise self-efficacy (P = 0.680). Conclusion: The results suggest that including children and parents in the same intervention is an effective way to decrease adiposity and improve nutrition behaviors in both children and parents and improve weight and eating self-efficacy in parents.en
dc.subjectobesityen
dc.subjectparentsen
dc.subjectchildrenen
dc.date.available2014-11-17T13:56:53Z-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014-
dc.date.issued11/17/2014en
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T13:56:53Z-
dc.conference.date2014en
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen
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