Meta-Analyses of Human Genome Studies: Epigenetic Risk Factors and Population Health Issues in the World

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/335709
Category:
Abstract
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Meta-Analyses of Human Genome Studies: Epigenetic Risk Factors and Population Health Issues in the World
Author(s):
Shiao, Shyang-Yun Pamela K.
Author Details:
Shyang-Yun Pamela K. Shiao PhD, RN, FAAN pshiao@msn.com
Abstract:
Session presented on Monday, July 28, 2014: Purpose and Target Audience: The purpose of this symposium is to disseminate current evidence on population genome health, through the meta-analyses of epigenetic risk factors, for population health. The target audiences can include nursing and inter-professional colleagues who are enthusiastic in learning about population genome health and epigenetics risk factors to prevent chronic diseases. The new discoveries in human genome sciences show that mutations in the genome of normal human cells can lead to the development of chronic diseases for oneself and future generations. Lifestyles have a major effect on the development of chronic diseases for oneself and future generations through epigenetics and methylation pathways. Western dietary habits cultivated under the modern industrial era may induce gene expression changes in key regulatory pathways and affect metabolic processes, which may play a mediating factor with ages in lifespan for the development of chronic diseases including cancer and cardiovascular syndromes. The results of meta-analyses for various genes associated with cardiovascular health and cancer development including colorectal cancer and lung cancer, across populations for various race-ethnicity groups will be presented for mutation variations and epigenetics. Pollution indexes for past 10 years in the world will be associated with the gene mutations. Particulates matters (PM) smaller than 2.5 micrometers, PM2.5, can pass through lungs, leading to plaque deposits in cardiovascular systems causing systematic inflammation. Whereas, PM10 are smaller than 10 micrometers, that can deposit in the pulmonary system causing pulmonary system inflammations. Both PM particles can cause health hazards. In addition, meta-analyses on lifestyles affecting methylation pathways for cancer and cardiovascular health with gene mutations for epigenetics, including dietary nutrient intake, smoking and alcohol intake will be summarized. Goals for health behaviors will be explored with motivation activation through participants’ active learning and participation process.
Keywords:
epigenetics, population-health, meta-analyses
Repository Posting Date:
17-Nov-2014
Date of Publication:
17-Nov-2014
Conference Date:
2014
Conference Name:
25th International Nursing Research Congress, 2014
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Hong Kong
Description:
International Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kong
Note:
This is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submited a full-text item related to this abstract, you may find it by browsing the repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen_GB
dc.type.categoryAbstracten_GB
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMeta-Analyses of Human Genome Studies: Epigenetic Risk Factors and Population Health Issues in the Worlden_GB
dc.contributor.authorShiao, Shyang-Yun Pamela K.en_GB
dc.author.detailsShyang-Yun Pamela K. Shiao PhD, RN, FAAN pshiao@msn.comen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/335709-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Monday, July 28, 2014: Purpose and Target Audience: The purpose of this symposium is to disseminate current evidence on population genome health, through the meta-analyses of epigenetic risk factors, for population health. The target audiences can include nursing and inter-professional colleagues who are enthusiastic in learning about population genome health and epigenetics risk factors to prevent chronic diseases. The new discoveries in human genome sciences show that mutations in the genome of normal human cells can lead to the development of chronic diseases for oneself and future generations. Lifestyles have a major effect on the development of chronic diseases for oneself and future generations through epigenetics and methylation pathways. Western dietary habits cultivated under the modern industrial era may induce gene expression changes in key regulatory pathways and affect metabolic processes, which may play a mediating factor with ages in lifespan for the development of chronic diseases including cancer and cardiovascular syndromes. The results of meta-analyses for various genes associated with cardiovascular health and cancer development including colorectal cancer and lung cancer, across populations for various race-ethnicity groups will be presented for mutation variations and epigenetics. Pollution indexes for past 10 years in the world will be associated with the gene mutations. Particulates matters (PM) smaller than 2.5 micrometers, PM2.5, can pass through lungs, leading to plaque deposits in cardiovascular systems causing systematic inflammation. Whereas, PM10 are smaller than 10 micrometers, that can deposit in the pulmonary system causing pulmonary system inflammations. Both PM particles can cause health hazards. In addition, meta-analyses on lifestyles affecting methylation pathways for cancer and cardiovascular health with gene mutations for epigenetics, including dietary nutrient intake, smoking and alcohol intake will be summarized. Goals for health behaviors will be explored with motivation activation through participants’ active learning and participation process.en_GB
dc.subjectepigenetics, population-health, meta-analysesen_GB
dc.date.available2014-11-17T14:32:14Z-
dc.date.issued2014-11-17-
dc.date.accessioned2014-11-17T14:32:14Z-
dc.conference.date2014en_GB
dc.conference.name25th International Nursing Research Congress, 2014en_GB
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen_GB
dc.conference.locationHong Kongen_GB
dc.descriptionInternational Nursing Research Congress, 2014 Theme: Engaging Colleagues: Improving Global Health Outcomes. Held at the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, Wanchai, Hong Kongen_GB
dc.description.noteThis is an abstract-only submission. If the author has submited a full-text item related to this abstract, you may find it by browsing the repository by author. If author contact information is available in this abstract, please feel free to contact him or her with your queries regarding this submission.en_GB
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