Improving the New Graduate and Undergraduate Student Nurses' Critical Thinking Ability Through the Use of Simulation in Nursing: A Systematic Review of Literature

6.00
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/581248
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
DNP Project
Level of Evidence:
Systematic Review
Research Approach:
Translational Research/Evidence-based Practice
Title:
Improving the New Graduate and Undergraduate Student Nurses' Critical Thinking Ability Through the Use of Simulation in Nursing: A Systematic Review of Literature
Author(s):
Sansom, Amanda L.
Additional Author Information:
Amanda L. Sansom, MSN, RN, asansom at capellauniversity dot edu
Advisors:
Suttle, Catherine M.; Manty, JoAnn
Degree:
DNP
Degree Year:
2015
Grantor:
Capella University
Abstract:

Background: Implementing what is learned in the classroom into clinical practice is an important aspect of nursing. According to Koontz, Mallory, Burns, and Chapman (2010) the clinical environment is one of the most valuable experiences for the student nurse. Learning is an active and reflective process and simulation allows for the practice of procedures as often as needed to gain confidence and proficiency (Guise, Chambers, & Valimaki, 2012).

Method: The project was a systematic review of literature that examined quantitative research studies that utilized a pretest and posttest study design to evaluate the effectiveness of simulation regarding critical thinking skills in the undergraduate student nurse and the new graduate nurse.

Results: The systematic review of literature yielded 760 research studies. Fifteen of the 760 research studies met inclusion criteria and were included in the final statistical analysis process.  Cohen’s D was calculated using the pretest and posttest scores along with the standard deviation. The results of Cohen’s D indicated that 4 of the 5 studies showed the experimental group had a moderate effect size over the control group.

Conclusion: The analysis of the available quantitative research studies revealed simulation training to be an effective means of improving critical thinking skills among new graduate nurses and student nurses. Each study showed improvement in knowledge level. Compared to the control group the experimental group showed the same level of improvement or an increased level of improvement of up to 4% in critical thinking skills with the use of simulation training.

Keywords: new graduate, student nurse, critical thinking, simulation, and nursing education

Citation:
Sansom, A. L. (2015). Improving the new graduate and undergraduate student nurses' critical thinking ability through the use of simulation in nursing: A systematic review of literature (Doctoral capstone project). Retrieved from http://www.nursinglibrary.org/vhl/handle/10755/581248
Keywords:
New Graduate Nurse; Student nurse; Critical Thinking; Simulation; Nursing Education
MeSH:
Students, Nursing
CINAHL Headings:
New Graduate Nurses; Critical Thinking--Education; Simulations
Note:
This work has been approved through a faculty review process prior to its posting in the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository.
Repository Posting Date:
2015-10-26T14:52:28Z
Date of Publication:
2015-10-26

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.advisorSuttle, Catherine M.en
dc.contributor.advisorManty, JoAnnen
dc.contributor.authorSansom, Amanda L.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-26T14:52:28Zen
dc.date.available2015-10-26T14:52:28Zen
dc.date.issued2015-10-26en
dc.identifier.citationSansom, A. L. (2015). Improving the new graduate and undergraduate student nurses' critical thinking ability through the use of simulation in nursing: A systematic review of literature (Doctoral capstone project). Retrieved from http://www.nursinglibrary.org/vhl/handle/10755/581248en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/581248en
dc.description.abstract<p class="APAHeadingCenter" align="left"><strong>Background: </strong>Implementing what is learned in the classroom into clinical practice is an important aspect of nursing. According to Koontz, Mallory, Burns, and Chapman (2010) the clinical environment is one of the most valuable experiences for the student nurse. Learning is an active and reflective process and simulation allows for the practice of procedures as often as needed to gain confidence and proficiency (Guise, Chambers, & Valimaki, 2012).</p> <p class="APAHeadingCenter" align="left"><strong>Method: </strong>The project was a systematic review of literature that examined quantitative research studies that utilized a pretest and posttest study design to evaluate the effectiveness of simulation regarding critical thinking skills in the undergraduate student nurse and the new graduate nurse.</p> <p class="APAHeadingCenter" align="left"><strong>Results: </strong>The systematic review of literature yielded 760 research studies. Fifteen of the 760 research studies met inclusion criteria and were included in the final statistical analysis process.  Cohen’s D was calculated using the pretest and posttest scores along with the standard deviation. The results of Cohen’s D indicated that 4 of the 5 studies showed the experimental group had a moderate effect size over the control group.</p> <p class="APAHeadingCenter" align="left"><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The analysis of the available quantitative research studies revealed simulation training to be an effective means of improving critical thinking skills among new graduate nurses and student nurses. Each study showed improvement in knowledge level. Compared to the control group the experimental group showed the same level of improvement or an increased level of improvement of up to 4% in critical thinking skills with the use of simulation training.</p> <p class="APAHeadingCenter" align="left"><strong>Keywords: </strong>new graduate, student nurse, critical thinking, simulation, and nursing education</p>en
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.subjectNew Graduate Nurseen
dc.subjectStudent nurseen
dc.subjectCritical Thinkingen
dc.subjectSimulationen
dc.subjectNursing Educationen
dc.subject.meshStudents, Nursingen
dc.titleImproving the New Graduate and Undergraduate Student Nurses' Critical Thinking Ability Through the Use of Simulation in Nursing: A Systematic Review of Literatureen_US
dc.typeDNP Projecten
thesis.degree.grantorCapella Universityen
thesis.degree.levelDNPen
dc.description.noteThis work has been approved through a faculty review process prior to its posting in the Virginia Henderson Global Nursing e-Repository.en
dc.primary-author.detailsAmanda L. Sansom, MSN, RN, asansom at capellauniversity dot eduen
thesis.degree.year2015en
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.evidence.levelSystematic Reviewen
dc.research.approachTranslational Research/Evidence-based Practiceen
dc.subject.cinahlNew Graduate Nursesen
dc.subject.cinahlCritical Thinking--Educationen
dc.subject.cinahlSimulationsen
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