Efficacy of a Smoking Cessation Quality Improvement Project during a Preoperative Evaluation in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/601472
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Title:
Efficacy of a Smoking Cessation Quality Improvement Project during a Preoperative Evaluation in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome
Author(s):
Marks, Linda; Malavet, Pedro; Pitruzzello, Nancy; Probst, Wende; Irizarry-Alvarado, Joan
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Linda Marks, DNP, ARNP; Pedro, Malavet, MD; Nancy, Pitruzzello, DNP, ARNP; Wende Probst, ARNP; Joan Irizarry-Alvarado, MD, FACP
Abstract:
Background and Purpose: Patients with metabolic syndrome who are currently smoking and are scheduled to undergo a surgical procedure are at a greater risk for perioperative complications. This project was designed to determine the efficacy of a brief educational intervention during a Preoperative Evaluation (POE) at Mayo Clinic Florida (MCF). Design Subjects were chosen as a convenience sample of patients scheduled for POE visits at MCF. All subjects are; 18 years of age or older, diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, and currently smoking.

Setting: Preoperative Evaluation Clinic at Mayo Clinic Florida. Participants All currently smoking patients with Metabolic Syndrome and over 18 years of age seen in the POE clinic at MCF.

Methods: The primary data collection comes from a self-report of smoking cessation during a telephone call approximately one month after scheduled surgery date. Patients who report cessation will be contacted at three months postoperatively to determine whether there has been sustained smoking cessation. A multi-level analysis including results of nicotine dependence, as determined by the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) was utilized to quantify dependence.

Findings: Self report of smoking cessation at approximately one month postoperative telephone contact was 27%. The rate of continued cessation at three months was 88%.

Implications: The brief smoking cessation intervention preoperatively was successful in the short term. Contact was made with 93 participants and 29 had stopped smoking from the time of surgery to the date of telephone contact. Participant’s Fagerstrom score; zero to two is very low; and three to four is low nicotine dependence. This comprised 59% of the 29 subjects that had stopped smoking.

Keywords:
Smoking Cessation; Metabolic Syndrome
Repository Posting Date:
17-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
17-Mar-2016
Conference Date:
2016
Conference Name:
STTI Lambda Rho Chapter’s 2016 Nursing Research Conference
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing, Lambda Rho Chapter at Large
Conference Location:
Jacksonville, Florida, USA
Description:
Caring for a Diverse World

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleEfficacy of a Smoking Cessation Quality Improvement Project during a Preoperative Evaluation in Patients with Metabolic Syndromeen
dc.contributor.authorMarks, Lindaen
dc.contributor.authorMalavet, Pedroen
dc.contributor.authorPitruzzello, Nancyen
dc.contributor.authorProbst, Wendeen
dc.contributor.authorIrizarry-Alvarado, Joanen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsLinda Marks, DNP, ARNP; Pedro, Malavet, MD; Nancy, Pitruzzello, DNP, ARNP; Wende Probst, ARNP; Joan Irizarry-Alvarado, MD, FACPen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/601472en
dc.description.abstractBackground and Purpose: Patients with metabolic syndrome who are currently smoking and are scheduled to undergo a surgical procedure are at a greater risk for perioperative complications. This project was designed to determine the efficacy of a brief educational intervention during a Preoperative Evaluation (POE) at Mayo Clinic Florida (MCF). Design Subjects were chosen as a convenience sample of patients scheduled for POE visits at MCF. All subjects are; 18 years of age or older, diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, and currently smoking.</p><p>Setting: Preoperative Evaluation Clinic at Mayo Clinic Florida. Participants All currently smoking patients with Metabolic Syndrome and over 18 years of age seen in the POE clinic at MCF.</p><p>Methods: The primary data collection comes from a self-report of smoking cessation during a telephone call approximately one month after scheduled surgery date. Patients who report cessation will be contacted at three months postoperatively to determine whether there has been sustained smoking cessation. A multi-level analysis including results of nicotine dependence, as determined by the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) was utilized to quantify dependence. </p><p> Findings: Self report of smoking cessation at approximately one month postoperative telephone contact was 27%. The rate of continued cessation at three months was 88%.</p><p>Implications: The brief smoking cessation intervention preoperatively was successful in the short term. Contact was made with 93 participants and 29 had stopped smoking from the time of surgery to the date of telephone contact. Participant’s Fagerstrom score; zero to two is very low; and three to four is low nicotine dependence. This comprised 59% of the 29 subjects that had stopped smoking.en
dc.subjectSmoking Cessationen
dc.subjectMetabolic Syndromeen
dc.date.available2016-03-17T11:56:26Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-17en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-17T11:56:26Zen
dc.conference.date2016en
dc.conference.nameSTTI Lambda Rho Chapter’s 2016 Nursing Research Conferenceen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing, Lambda Rho Chapter at Largeen
dc.conference.locationJacksonville, Florida, USAen
dc.descriptionCaring for a Diverse Worlden
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