Southern African-American Women's Perceptions of Coronary Artery Disease after a Myocardial Infarction: A Phenomenological Inquiry

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/601724
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Southern African-American Women's Perceptions of Coronary Artery Disease after a Myocardial Infarction: A Phenomenological Inquiry
Other Titles:
Health Promotion in Diverse Female Populations [Session]
Author(s):
Jones, Loretta
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Zeta Gamma
Author Details:
Loretta Jones, RN, FNP, lorettajones@southalabama.edu
Abstract:
Session presented on Friday, July 24, 2015: Purpose: The American Heart Association (AHA) reported that cardiovascular diseases kill nearly 50,000 African-American (AA) women annually. Only 52% of AA women are aware of the signs and symptoms of a heart attack and only 36% of AA women know that heart disease is their greatest health risk.'The pupose of this phenomenological study was to explore the lived experience of African American women, 50 years and older, who had experienced a myocardial infarction' (MI)within the past five years.This study was consistent with the goal to decrease health disparities of AA women post MI and the Healthy People 2020 goal to improve cardiovascular health through prevention, detection, and treatment of risk. Methods: The phenomenological method of research was used utilized to conduct the study. The primary data collection source were semi-structured interviews conducted using open-ended questions. The primary research questions addressed the women's knowledge of risk factors, and their perceptions of management, and lifestyle changes relevant to coronary artery disease post-MI. Participants were seven AA recruited from local cardiology offices with histories of myocardial infarction. The phenomenological data analysis involved the processes of coding, categorizing, and developing themes. Results: The findings revealed six major themes: life before myocardial infarction, contributing risk factors, early warning signs, life after myocardial infarction, cardiac rehabilitation, and family support. Conclusions: The majority of women reported unrecognized risk factors prior to MI but are now able to recognize and heed early warning signs, and made lifestyle changes post MI to prevent a recurrence. However, none of the women attended cardiac rehabilitation, and only one having been referred for rehabilitation. These findings provided a beginning foundation for the development of interventions that are predictably effective in prevention of MIs in AA women.
Keywords:
Coronary Artery Disease; Myocarrdial Infarction; African American Women
Repository Posting Date:
17-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
17-Mar-2016 ; 17-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
INRC15D09
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
26th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Description:
Research Congress 2015 Theme: Question Locally, Engage Regionally, Apply Globally. Held at the Puerto Rico Convention Center.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleSouthern African-American Women's Perceptions of Coronary Artery Disease after a Myocardial Infarction: A Phenomenological Inquiryen
dc.title.alternativeHealth Promotion in Diverse Female Populations [Session]en
dc.contributor.authorJones, Lorettaen
dc.contributor.departmentZeta Gammaen
dc.author.detailsLoretta Jones, RN, FNP, lorettajones@southalabama.eduen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/601724-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Friday, July 24, 2015: Purpose: The American Heart Association (AHA) reported that cardiovascular diseases kill nearly 50,000 African-American (AA) women annually. Only 52% of AA women are aware of the signs and symptoms of a heart attack and only 36% of AA women know that heart disease is their greatest health risk.'The pupose of this phenomenological study was to explore the lived experience of African American women, 50 years and older, who had experienced a myocardial infarction' (MI)within the past five years.This study was consistent with the goal to decrease health disparities of AA women post MI and the Healthy People 2020 goal to improve cardiovascular health through prevention, detection, and treatment of risk. Methods: The phenomenological method of research was used utilized to conduct the study. The primary data collection source were semi-structured interviews conducted using open-ended questions. The primary research questions addressed the women's knowledge of risk factors, and their perceptions of management, and lifestyle changes relevant to coronary artery disease post-MI. Participants were seven AA recruited from local cardiology offices with histories of myocardial infarction. The phenomenological data analysis involved the processes of coding, categorizing, and developing themes. Results: The findings revealed six major themes: life before myocardial infarction, contributing risk factors, early warning signs, life after myocardial infarction, cardiac rehabilitation, and family support. Conclusions: The majority of women reported unrecognized risk factors prior to MI but are now able to recognize and heed early warning signs, and made lifestyle changes post MI to prevent a recurrence. However, none of the women attended cardiac rehabilitation, and only one having been referred for rehabilitation. These findings provided a beginning foundation for the development of interventions that are predictably effective in prevention of MIs in AA women.en
dc.subjectCoronary Artery Diseaseen
dc.subjectMyocarrdial Infarctionen
dc.subjectAfrican American Womenen
dc.date.available2016-03-17T12:53:50Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-17-
dc.date.issued2016-03-17en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-17T12:53:50Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name26th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationSan Juan, Puerto Ricoen
dc.descriptionResearch Congress 2015 Theme: Question Locally, Engage Regionally, Apply Globally. Held at the Puerto Rico Convention Center.en
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