Effectiveness of Abstinence-Only Education and Comprehensive Sexual Education in Reducing Teenage Pregnancy in the U.S.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/601815
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Title:
Effectiveness of Abstinence-Only Education and Comprehensive Sexual Education in Reducing Teenage Pregnancy in the U.S.
Author(s):
Guerra, Amy Lorraine; Beltran, Claudia Carolina
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Amy Lorraine Guerra, RN, aguerra7734@yahoo.com; Claudia Carolina Beltran, RN
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, July 26, 2015: Purpose:' Although the United States is considered one of the developed countries, the high incidence of teenage pregnancy in this country continues to remain a significant health concern.' Although formal sex education has been incorporated into the United States school system, the method by which such a program is being presented continues to be a topic of debate. Abstinence-only sex education and comprehensive sex education are the two predominant methods of delivering sexual health education to US teens. However, it is not known which of these methods are associated with reduced teen pregnancy. Using the PICO (Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) framework, we examined which of the above delivery methods of sex health education are associated with reduced teenage pregnancy. ' Methods:' A search of the literature using the CINAHL, MEDLINE and PUBMED databases was conducted. Specific keywords such as 'teenage pregnancy', 'adolescent pregnancy', 'teenage girls', 'abstinence education', 'abstinence counseling', 'sexual education', 'comprehensive sex education', 'sexual health', 'birth control', 'U.S. schools', 'and 'school role' were used in the search of the literature. Studies that were conducted among US teenagers between ages 13 and 19, and were published between the years 2004 and 2014 were included in the review. The initial search yielded 252 research articles. Articles that did not meet the inclusion criteria were excluded. ' Results:' The comprehensive sex education method was found effective in reducing teenage pregnancies. 'Such teaching method was found to provide more complete and accurate information to teenagers on sexual health. Conclusion:' The comprehensive sexual education method was found most effective in reducing teenage pregnancies in the US when compared to abstinence-only sex education method. Such methods designed to cover all topics of sexual health including various forms of contraception, awareness and education related to the transmission of sexually transmitted infections, and abstinence as a choice rather than the only option available to adolescents was associated with reduced teenage pregnancy rates. For such programs to be effective, it is recommended that these be delivered by trained school nurses.
Keywords:
Abstinence-only; Comprehensive sexual education; Teenage pregnancy
MeSH:
Sex Education
CINAHL Headings:
Sexual�Abstinence; Pregnancy�in Adolescence
Repository Posting Date:
17-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
17-Mar-2016 ; 17-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
INRC15PST489
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
26th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Description:
Research Congress 2015 Theme: Question Locally, Engage Regionally, Apply Globally. Held at the Puerto Rico Convention Center.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleEffectiveness of Abstinence-Only Education and Comprehensive Sexual Education in Reducing Teenage Pregnancy in the U.S.en
dc.contributor.authorGuerra, Amy Lorraineen
dc.contributor.authorBeltran, Claudia Carolinaen
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsAmy Lorraine Guerra, RN, aguerra7734@yahoo.com; Claudia Carolina Beltran, RNen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/601815-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, July 26, 2015: Purpose:' Although the United States is considered one of the developed countries, the high incidence of teenage pregnancy in this country continues to remain a significant health concern.' Although formal sex education has been incorporated into the United States school system, the method by which such a program is being presented continues to be a topic of debate. Abstinence-only sex education and comprehensive sex education are the two predominant methods of delivering sexual health education to US teens. However, it is not known which of these methods are associated with reduced teen pregnancy. Using the PICO (Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) framework, we examined which of the above delivery methods of sex health education are associated with reduced teenage pregnancy. ' Methods:' A search of the literature using the CINAHL, MEDLINE and PUBMED databases was conducted. Specific keywords such as 'teenage pregnancy', 'adolescent pregnancy', 'teenage girls', 'abstinence education', 'abstinence counseling', 'sexual education', 'comprehensive sex education', 'sexual health', 'birth control', 'U.S. schools', 'and 'school role' were used in the search of the literature. Studies that were conducted among US teenagers between ages 13 and 19, and were published between the years 2004 and 2014 were included in the review. The initial search yielded 252 research articles. Articles that did not meet the inclusion criteria were excluded. ' Results:' The comprehensive sex education method was found effective in reducing teenage pregnancies. 'Such teaching method was found to provide more complete and accurate information to teenagers on sexual health. Conclusion:' The comprehensive sexual education method was found most effective in reducing teenage pregnancies in the US when compared to abstinence-only sex education method. Such methods designed to cover all topics of sexual health including various forms of contraception, awareness and education related to the transmission of sexually transmitted infections, and abstinence as a choice rather than the only option available to adolescents was associated with reduced teenage pregnancy rates. For such programs to be effective, it is recommended that these be delivered by trained school nurses.en
dc.subjectAbstinence-onlyen
dc.subjectComprehensive sexual educationen
dc.subjectTeenage pregnancyen
dc.subject.meshSex Educationen
dc.subject.cinahlSexual�Abstinenceen
dc.subject.cinahlPregnancy�in Adolescenceen
dc.date.available2016-03-17T12:56:15Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-17-
dc.date.issued2016-03-17en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-17T12:56:15Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name26th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationSan Juan, Puerto Ricoen
dc.descriptionResearch Congress 2015 Theme: Question Locally, Engage Regionally, Apply Globally. Held at the Puerto Rico Convention Center.en
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