Effect of a Multidisciplinary Intervention to Reduce Rates of Overweight and Obesity in School-Aged Children of Tabasco, Mexico

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/601843
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effect of a Multidisciplinary Intervention to Reduce Rates of Overweight and Obesity in School-Aged Children of Tabasco, Mexico
Other Titles:
Pediatric Obesity: A Growing Trend Worldwide [Session]
Author(s):
Rivas-Acu'a, Valentina; Avalos Garcia, Maria Isabel; Garcia-Falconi, Renan; Martinez Serrano, Amalia; Ceballos Gurrola, Oswaldo
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Tau Alpha
Author Details:
Valentina Rivas-Acu'a, vrivasa@hotmail.com; Maria Isabel Avalos Garcia; Renan Garcia-Falconi; Amalia Martinez Serrano; Oswaldo Ceballos Gurrola
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, July 26, 2015: Purpose: To assess the effect of a multidisciplinary intervention to reduce rates of overweight and obesity in school-aged children of Tabasco, Mexico. Methods: A quasi-experimental design was performed with pre-test and post-test measurements. The population was represented by school-aged children with overweight and obesity and their mothers. The sample size was determined by an unrestricted random sampling using a significance level of .05 and a power of .90 and large effect size, the sample was 39 subjects. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0, the data was compared with the pre and post intervention measurement, the effectiveness of the intervention was determined by student's t-test. The level of statistical significance accepted was < .05. Results: The main findings on weight reduction were: t (38) = 6.15, p <.01; waist circumference: t (38) = 2.80, p <.01; and glucose values: t (38) = -6.60, p <.01; the weight of school-aged children, waist circumference and glucose levels decreased after participating in the educational program intervention on nutrition, health care and physical activity, with significant differences between pre-test and post-test measurements. The intervention was three months with four sessions per week; two educational sessions and two sessions of physical activity. Behavioral changes were observed for dietary habits after participating in the educational program intervention: on water consumption, the results showed more children consume w'ter with a frequency of 3-4 glasses a day; also more children not consume bottled soda (46.2%), consumption of fried foods also showed a significant change,' 46.2% consumed only 2 times per week; mirlinton was one of the least consumed foods by children, after the intervention we observed that decreased number of children who not consume mirlinton (15.4%) and mayonnaise that was one of the most consumed foods was reduced after the intervention the number of children who ate this food almost daily was also reduced 5.1%. Conclusion: The findings of this study support the conclusion that it is possible to modify the rates of overweight and obesity through a multidisciplinary intervention with educational component on nutritional aspects of health care and physical activity. The benefits gained in weight, waist circumference and blood glucose levels and behavioral changes on food consumption generally can confirm that multidisciplinary intervention was helpful in reducing rates of overweight and obesity school-aged children. These changes if the behavior remains have positive consequences for preventing the development of obesity-related diseases, such as: hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus.
Keywords:
multidisciplinary intervention; overweight and obesity; school-aged children
Repository Posting Date:
17-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
17-Mar-2016 ; 17-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
INRC15I08
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
26th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Description:
Research Congress 2015 Theme: Question Locally, Engage Regionally, Apply Globally. Held at the Puerto Rico Convention Center.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePresentationen
dc.titleEffect of a Multidisciplinary Intervention to Reduce Rates of Overweight and Obesity in School-Aged Children of Tabasco, Mexicoen
dc.title.alternativePediatric Obesity: A Growing Trend Worldwide [Session]en
dc.contributor.authorRivas-Acu'a, Valentinaen
dc.contributor.authorAvalos Garcia, Maria Isabelen
dc.contributor.authorGarcia-Falconi, Renanen
dc.contributor.authorMartinez Serrano, Amaliaen
dc.contributor.authorCeballos Gurrola, Oswaldoen
dc.contributor.departmentTau Alphaen
dc.author.detailsValentina Rivas-Acu'a, vrivasa@hotmail.com; Maria Isabel Avalos Garcia; Renan Garcia-Falconi; Amalia Martinez Serrano; Oswaldo Ceballos Gurrolaen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/601843-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, July 26, 2015: Purpose: To assess the effect of a multidisciplinary intervention to reduce rates of overweight and obesity in school-aged children of Tabasco, Mexico. Methods: A quasi-experimental design was performed with pre-test and post-test measurements. The population was represented by school-aged children with overweight and obesity and their mothers. The sample size was determined by an unrestricted random sampling using a significance level of .05 and a power of .90 and large effect size, the sample was 39 subjects. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0, the data was compared with the pre and post intervention measurement, the effectiveness of the intervention was determined by student's t-test. The level of statistical significance accepted was < .05. Results: The main findings on weight reduction were: t (38) = 6.15, p <.01; waist circumference: t (38) = 2.80, p <.01; and glucose values: t (38) = -6.60, p <.01; the weight of school-aged children, waist circumference and glucose levels decreased after participating in the educational program intervention on nutrition, health care and physical activity, with significant differences between pre-test and post-test measurements. The intervention was three months with four sessions per week; two educational sessions and two sessions of physical activity. Behavioral changes were observed for dietary habits after participating in the educational program intervention: on water consumption, the results showed more children consume w'ter with a frequency of 3-4 glasses a day; also more children not consume bottled soda (46.2%), consumption of fried foods also showed a significant change,' 46.2% consumed only 2 times per week; mirlinton was one of the least consumed foods by children, after the intervention we observed that decreased number of children who not consume mirlinton (15.4%) and mayonnaise that was one of the most consumed foods was reduced after the intervention the number of children who ate this food almost daily was also reduced 5.1%. Conclusion: The findings of this study support the conclusion that it is possible to modify the rates of overweight and obesity through a multidisciplinary intervention with educational component on nutritional aspects of health care and physical activity. The benefits gained in weight, waist circumference and blood glucose levels and behavioral changes on food consumption generally can confirm that multidisciplinary intervention was helpful in reducing rates of overweight and obesity school-aged children. These changes if the behavior remains have positive consequences for preventing the development of obesity-related diseases, such as: hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus.en
dc.subjectmultidisciplinary interventionen
dc.subjectoverweight and obesityen
dc.subjectschool-aged childrenen
dc.date.available2016-03-17T12:57:02Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-17-
dc.date.issued2016-03-17en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-17T12:57:02Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name26th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationSan Juan, Puerto Ricoen
dc.descriptionResearch Congress 2015 Theme: Question Locally, Engage Regionally, Apply Globally. Held at the Puerto Rico Convention Center.en
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