Depression, Cognitive Impairment and Functional Dependence in Older Adults, Users of a Geriatric Center in Saltillo, Mexico

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/601893
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Title:
Depression, Cognitive Impairment and Functional Dependence in Older Adults, Users of a Geriatric Center in Saltillo, Mexico
Author(s):
Villarreal-Reyna, Mar'a de los 'ngeles; Carrillo-Cervantes, Ana Laura; Rodr'guez-Flores, Deyanira; Delabra-Salinas, Maria Magdalena; Magallanes Monrreal, Martha Alicia
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Tau Alpha
Author Details:
Mar'a de los 'ngeles Villarreal-Reyna, PhD, mced_us@yahoo.com; Ana Laura Carrillo-Cervantes, MN; Deyanira Rodr'guez-Flores, RN; Maria Magdalena Delabra-Salinas, RN; Martha Alicia Magallanes Monrreal, RN
Abstract:
Session presented on Sunday, July 26, 2015: Purpose: To determine the prevalence and relationship of depression, cognitive impairment and functional dependence in older adults users of a Geriatric Center in the city of Saltillo, Mexico. Methods: Retrospective descriptive correlational design. The sample was formed by 360 clinical expedients of older adults, users of a Geriatric Center, selected randomly with systematical sampling (k= 16). Social-demographic data was collected and the evaluations were done with 4 instruments: Yesavage's Geriatric Depression Scale; Minimental State Examination MMS-E; Katz'Scale.'Basic Activities of Daily Living;'Lawton y Brody'Scale.'Instrumental Activities of Daily Living.'The analysis of data was completed using the statistical package SPSS V21. Results: The mean age of the participants was of 73 years and 5 of education. Most of them are women (62%) and married (54%).' The prevalence was of 54% on depression; 21.7% on cognitive impairment; 33.6% on dependence to complete basic activities of daily living and 58.6% 33.6% on dependence to complete instrumental activities of daily living. It was found that older adults with the most age, reported less educational years (r=.-270; p<.001); less income (r=.-154; p = .008); greater depression levels (r=.217; p<.001) and cognitive impairment (r=.360; p<.001); they were more dependent when doing basic activities (r=.290; p<.001) and instrumental activities on daily living (r=.320; p<.001). Conclusion: The results of this study confirm that depression and cognitive impairment are associated to the functional dependence in Mexican Older adults. This also demonstrates that older adults with highest age and least income form the most vulnerable group. It is necessary go deeper in the research of functional dependence, taking into consideration the differences in gender, presence of chronic diseases and mobility. It is also important to sensitize nursing professionals about the necessity to rate systematically older adults when they assist to check-ups or when they ask for health services, even when they have not presented health related problems, in order to identify the factors that affect their health, as well as the complex needs of care demanded by this segment of the population.
Keywords:
DEPRESSION; COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT; FUNCTIONAL DEPENDANCE
MeSH:
Aged; Cognition Disorders
CINAHL Headings:
Depression--In Old Age; Functional Status--In Old Age
Repository Posting Date:
17-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
17-Mar-2016 ; 17-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
INRC15PST476
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
26th International Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Description:
Research Congress 2015 Theme: Question Locally, Engage Regionally, Apply Globally. Held at the Puerto Rico Convention Center.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleDepression, Cognitive Impairment and Functional Dependence in Older Adults, Users of a Geriatric Center in Saltillo, Mexicoen
dc.contributor.authorVillarreal-Reyna, Mar'a de los 'ngelesen
dc.contributor.authorCarrillo-Cervantes, Ana Lauraen
dc.contributor.authorRodr'guez-Flores, Deyaniraen
dc.contributor.authorDelabra-Salinas, Maria Magdalenaen
dc.contributor.authorMagallanes Monrreal, Martha Aliciaen
dc.contributor.departmentTau Alphaen
dc.author.detailsMar'a de los 'ngeles Villarreal-Reyna, PhD, mced_us@yahoo.com; Ana Laura Carrillo-Cervantes, MN; Deyanira Rodr'guez-Flores, RN; Maria Magdalena Delabra-Salinas, RN; Martha Alicia Magallanes Monrreal, RNen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/601893-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Sunday, July 26, 2015: Purpose: To determine the prevalence and relationship of depression, cognitive impairment and functional dependence in older adults users of a Geriatric Center in the city of Saltillo, Mexico. Methods: Retrospective descriptive correlational design. The sample was formed by 360 clinical expedients of older adults, users of a Geriatric Center, selected randomly with systematical sampling (k= 16). Social-demographic data was collected and the evaluations were done with 4 instruments: Yesavage's Geriatric Depression Scale; Minimental State Examination MMS-E; Katz'Scale.'Basic Activities of Daily Living;'Lawton y Brody'Scale.'Instrumental Activities of Daily Living.'The analysis of data was completed using the statistical package SPSS V21. Results: The mean age of the participants was of 73 years and 5 of education. Most of them are women (62%) and married (54%).' The prevalence was of 54% on depression; 21.7% on cognitive impairment; 33.6% on dependence to complete basic activities of daily living and 58.6% 33.6% on dependence to complete instrumental activities of daily living. It was found that older adults with the most age, reported less educational years (r=.-270; p<.001); less income (r=.-154; p = .008); greater depression levels (r=.217; p<.001) and cognitive impairment (r=.360; p<.001); they were more dependent when doing basic activities (r=.290; p<.001) and instrumental activities on daily living (r=.320; p<.001). Conclusion: The results of this study confirm that depression and cognitive impairment are associated to the functional dependence in Mexican Older adults. This also demonstrates that older adults with highest age and least income form the most vulnerable group. It is necessary go deeper in the research of functional dependence, taking into consideration the differences in gender, presence of chronic diseases and mobility. It is also important to sensitize nursing professionals about the necessity to rate systematically older adults when they assist to check-ups or when they ask for health services, even when they have not presented health related problems, in order to identify the factors that affect their health, as well as the complex needs of care demanded by this segment of the population.en
dc.subjectDEPRESSIONen
dc.subjectCOGNITIVE IMPAIRMENTen
dc.subjectFUNCTIONAL DEPENDANCEen
dc.subject.meshAgeden
dc.subject.meshCognition Disordersen
dc.subject.cinahlDepression--In Old Ageen
dc.subject.cinahlFunctional Status--In Old Ageen
dc.date.available2016-03-17T12:58:21Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-17-
dc.date.issued2016-03-17en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-17T12:58:21Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name26th International Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationSan Juan, Puerto Ricoen
dc.descriptionResearch Congress 2015 Theme: Question Locally, Engage Regionally, Apply Globally. Held at the Puerto Rico Convention Center.en
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