Testing and Evaluating a Spinal Cord Injury Self-Management Program: A Pilot Study

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/602042
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Title:
Testing and Evaluating a Spinal Cord Injury Self-Management Program: A Pilot Study
Author(s):
Chen, Hsiao-Yu
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Lambda Beta-at-Large
Author Details:
Hsiao-Yu Chen, RN, hychen64@nutc.edu.tw
Abstract:
Session presented on Saturday, July 25, 2015: Purpose: Aims and objectives: The aim of this study was to test and evaluate the usefulness of a spinal cord injury (SCI) self-management program. Background: SCI causes severe disability, leading to substantial complications for the rest of life. The long-term care needs of patients with SCI are a series of dynamic processes for rebuilding life and include physical care and complication prevention, life planning, social support, determining the value of existence, and sexual satisfaction. Methods: The pilot study had a quasiexperimental pretest - posttest design. Eligible participants were recruited from the Spinal Injury Association in Taiwan. All data were collected between March and May 2014. The self-management program was developed on the basis of a quality study that focused on the perceptions and experiences of patients with SCI regarding their long-term care needs. All participants were evaluated using instruments for collecting personal information and assessing self-efficacy and health status as well as indicators at the baseline and 5 weeks after a home visit intervention. The study was approved by an ethical review board (cRREC-101-019). Results: A total of 9 participants, 8 men and 1 woman, participated in this pilot study; the average age was 44 years and the average number of months since injury was 31.33 (11.85). Most of the patients (44.4%) were injured in road accidents. The study results showed that the range of their score on the self-efficacy scale was 62.22-68.56 and that on the health status scale was 2.89-3.00 (from 1, not healthy, to 5, very healthy). However, no statistically significant differences were observed between the pretest and posttest scores regarding the self-efficacy and the health status. Moreover, the mean was 3.7 (from 1, not useful, to 5, very useful) on the participants' perception of the usefulness of the program. Conclusion: The study tested and evaluated the usefulness of a self-management program for patients with SCI. The results showed no difference between the pretest and posttest scores. Therefore, a longitudinal study in which all participants are evaluated using instruments for collecting personal information and assessing self-efficacy and health status as well as indicators at the baseline and 3 and 6 months must be conducted.
Keywords:
spinal cord injury; self-management; quasiexperimental study
MeSH:
Self Care
CINAHL Headings:
Spinal Cord Injuries--Rehabilitation
Repository Posting Date:
17-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
3
Other Identifiers:
INRC15PST231
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
26th international Nursing Research Congress
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau international, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Description:
Research Congress 2015 Theme: Question Locally, Engage Regionally, Apply Globally. Held at the Puerto Rico Convention Center.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleTesting and Evaluating a Spinal Cord Injury Self-Management Program: A Pilot Studyen
dc.contributor.authorChen, Hsiao-Yuen
dc.contributor.departmentLambda Beta-at-Largeen
dc.author.detailsHsiao-Yu Chen, RN, hychen64@nutc.edu.twen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/602042-
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Saturday, July 25, 2015: Purpose: Aims and objectives: The aim of this study was to test and evaluate the usefulness of a spinal cord injury (SCI) self-management program. Background: SCI causes severe disability, leading to substantial complications for the rest of life. The long-term care needs of patients with SCI are a series of dynamic processes for rebuilding life and include physical care and complication prevention, life planning, social support, determining the value of existence, and sexual satisfaction. Methods: The pilot study had a quasiexperimental pretest - posttest design. Eligible participants were recruited from the Spinal Injury Association in Taiwan. All data were collected between March and May 2014. The self-management program was developed on the basis of a quality study that focused on the perceptions and experiences of patients with SCI regarding their long-term care needs. All participants were evaluated using instruments for collecting personal information and assessing self-efficacy and health status as well as indicators at the baseline and 5 weeks after a home visit intervention. The study was approved by an ethical review board (cRREC-101-019). Results: A total of 9 participants, 8 men and 1 woman, participated in this pilot study; the average age was 44 years and the average number of months since injury was 31.33 (11.85). Most of the patients (44.4%) were injured in road accidents. The study results showed that the range of their score on the self-efficacy scale was 62.22-68.56 and that on the health status scale was 2.89-3.00 (from 1, not healthy, to 5, very healthy). However, no statistically significant differences were observed between the pretest and posttest scores regarding the self-efficacy and the health status. Moreover, the mean was 3.7 (from 1, not useful, to 5, very useful) on the participants' perception of the usefulness of the program. Conclusion: The study tested and evaluated the usefulness of a self-management program for patients with SCI. The results showed no difference between the pretest and posttest scores. Therefore, a longitudinal study in which all participants are evaluated using instruments for collecting personal information and assessing self-efficacy and health status as well as indicators at the baseline and 3 and 6 months must be conducted.en
dc.subjectspinal cord injuryen
dc.subjectself-managementen
dc.subjectquasiexperimental studyen
dc.subject.meshSelf Careen
dc.subject.cinahlSpinal Cord Injuries--Rehabilitationen
dc.date.available2016-03-17T13:02:20Zen
dc.date.issued3/17/2016en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-17T13:02:20Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name26th international Nursing Research Congressen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau international, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationSan Juan, Puerto Ricoen
dc.descriptionResearch Congress 2015 Theme: Question Locally, Engage Regionally, Apply Globally. Held at the Puerto Rico Convention Center.en
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