Preliminary Study of the Effects of Complete Bed Baths with Synthetic Towels: Comparison between Inpatients and Healthy Individuals

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/602483
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Title:
Preliminary Study of the Effects of Complete Bed Baths with Synthetic Towels: Comparison between Inpatients and Healthy Individuals
Author(s):
Matumura, C.
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
C. Matumura, RN, matsumura@chs.pref.kagawa.jp
Abstract:
Session presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Chizuru MATUMURA, PhD, MSN, RN 1,  Kiyoko FUKAI, PhD, PHN, RN 2. 1Department of Nursing, Kagawa Prefectural University of Health Sciences   2Graduate School of Health Sciences,Okayama University Purpose To establish safe and comfortable bed baths with synthetic towels in actual clinical settings, this preliminary study aimed to verify effects of these baths with synthetic towels on inpatients. Methods Due to ethical limitations, we used a one group pre-post design targeting inpatients. Results were compared with healthy individuals who underwent an identical experiment. Subjects comprised five inpatients (73.2 ± 12.1 years, males: 3, females: 2) who could communicate verbally but had a low independence level and required complete bed baths. Towels were heated (55.7 ± 0.5 °C) in a thermostatic device. Complete bed baths excluding the genital area were given in the same manner to both inpatients and healthy individuals (15 healthy, male students in their twenties). Effects were evaluated using indicators such as core body and skin temperature, blood pressure, electrocardiogram (heart rate variability), short form of the profile of mood states (POMS-SF), alertness and relaxing visual analogue scale (VAS), and 1 to 3 Likert scales for each of the six items of towel material texture. This study was conducted with approval of the ethics committee of the affiliated institutions. Results and Discussion Inpatients exhibited significant increases in core body temperature from the start; mean skin temperature tended to increase after temporarily dropping directly after completing the bath. No marked changes were observed in blood pressure, heart rate, or autonomic nerve activity upon completing the bath, suggesting that results were affected by aging. Decreased alertness and lower POMS scores were observed, and scores for 3 of 6 texture items were high. Although no marked changes in autonomic nerve activity were observed in healthy individuals from the start, significant increases in core body and skin temperature and significant decreases in heart rate and systolic blood pressure were observed, showing marked temperature sensation and circulatory response. Further, after completing the bath, significantly decreased alertness and increased VAS were observed, and only one texture item received high scores. Conclusions: Marked temperature sensation and circulatory response occurred in healthy individuals, but very little response was observed in inpatients.
Keywords:
synthetic towel; inpatient and healthy individual,; bed bath effects
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15EB2.24
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titlePreliminary Study of the Effects of Complete Bed Baths with Synthetic Towels: Comparison between Inpatients and Healthy Individualsen
dc.contributor.authorMatumura, C.en
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsC. Matumura, RN, matsumura@chs.pref.kagawa.jpen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/602483en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Chizuru MATUMURA, PhD, MSN, RN 1,  Kiyoko FUKAI, PhD, PHN, RN 2. 1Department of Nursing, Kagawa Prefectural University of Health Sciences   2Graduate School of Health Sciences,Okayama University Purpose To establish safe and comfortable bed baths with synthetic towels in actual clinical settings, this preliminary study aimed to verify effects of these baths with synthetic towels on inpatients. Methods Due to ethical limitations, we used a one group pre-post design targeting inpatients. Results were compared with healthy individuals who underwent an identical experiment. Subjects comprised five inpatients (73.2 ± 12.1 years, males: 3, females: 2) who could communicate verbally but had a low independence level and required complete bed baths. Towels were heated (55.7 ± 0.5 °C) in a thermostatic device. Complete bed baths excluding the genital area were given in the same manner to both inpatients and healthy individuals (15 healthy, male students in their twenties). Effects were evaluated using indicators such as core body and skin temperature, blood pressure, electrocardiogram (heart rate variability), short form of the profile of mood states (POMS-SF), alertness and relaxing visual analogue scale (VAS), and 1 to 3 Likert scales for each of the six items of towel material texture. This study was conducted with approval of the ethics committee of the affiliated institutions. Results and Discussion Inpatients exhibited significant increases in core body temperature from the start; mean skin temperature tended to increase after temporarily dropping directly after completing the bath. No marked changes were observed in blood pressure, heart rate, or autonomic nerve activity upon completing the bath, suggesting that results were affected by aging. Decreased alertness and lower POMS scores were observed, and scores for 3 of 6 texture items were high. Although no marked changes in autonomic nerve activity were observed in healthy individuals from the start, significant increases in core body and skin temperature and significant decreases in heart rate and systolic blood pressure were observed, showing marked temperature sensation and circulatory response. Further, after completing the bath, significantly decreased alertness and increased VAS were observed, and only one texture item received high scores. Conclusions: Marked temperature sensation and circulatory response occurred in healthy individuals, but very little response was observed in inpatients.en
dc.subjectsynthetic towelen
dc.subjectinpatient and healthy individual,en
dc.subjectbed bath effectsen
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:29:57Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:29:57Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.