2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/602485
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Title:
Stroke Awareness: A Community Approach
Author(s):
Romero, Shirley Lena
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Upsilon Beta
Author Details:
Shirley Lena Romero, RN, PHN, CCRN, ShirleyRLHH@live.com
Abstract:
Session presented on Saturday, November 7, 2015 and Sunday, November 8, 2015: Background Current approaches to prevention of stroke disease in the community are in need of effective educational programs. Literature identifies perceived susceptibility to illness as a strong indicator for a health action.  However, many clients fail to recognize their vulnerability to illness and do not take preventive action. The purpose of this study was to teach a class on stroke awareness to a group of parishioners from a small community church and explore their stroke beliefs, knowledge of stroke factors, and intention to take a health action using the Health Belief Model as the theoretical framework.  Design A quantitative descriptive design, using a survey method for data collection was utilized for this research study. The setting was a community church in Orange County California. A convenience sample of 22 participants, ages 15 to 80 years old, able to read, write, and speak English were drawn from a target population of 210 members. All participants signed-up for the class on a volunteer basis. Methods A sixty minute educational session was provided to the participants in a natural setting that included strategies for identification of the signs and symptoms of a stroke, calling 911, identification of risk factors, healthy lifestyle, and current stroke treatments. Various teaching methods were used during the session, such as, lecture, Q&A, demonstration, and return demonstration. Five researcher developed questionnaires were utilized: a demographic and health questionnaire, a pre and post-test, and a Commit to Action survey to measure intention to make a healthy change. Data from the questionnaires were coded and analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequency and percentages, and paired-t-tests to find a relationship or associations within this sample. Results Self-disclosed risk factors for this sample were positive for hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, stroke, lack of exercise, unhealthy diet, and smoking. Results obtained from the pre and post-test showed that 60% of responses had statistical significance and 86% of responses had a positive change from pre to post-test. Intention to increase physical activity had the highest frequency reported by the participants on the Commit to Action survey. In particular, those age 15 to 19 years old had the most positive change in their intent to increase physical activity. Implications for nursing practice There is a need to continue to promote health education in the community. Knowing what motivates people to accept or reject health preventive care can help the nursing community design appropriate teaching interventions. Younger populations have a significant opportunity for lifestyle changes and should be included in educational interventions typically targeting adults. Faith-based organizations, community centers, and schools can effectively promote health education to the public. Further studies are needed to address the effectiveness of the teaching over a period of time.
Keywords:
Stroke; Stroke awareness; Community education
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15RS1.84
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleStroke Awareness: A Community Approachen
dc.contributor.authorRomero, Shirley Lenaen
dc.contributor.departmentUpsilon Betaen
dc.author.detailsShirley Lena Romero, RN, PHN, CCRN, ShirleyRLHH@live.comen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/602485en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Saturday, November 7, 2015 and Sunday, November 8, 2015: Background Current approaches to prevention of stroke disease in the community are in need of effective educational programs. Literature identifies perceived susceptibility to illness as a strong indicator for a health action.  However, many clients fail to recognize their vulnerability to illness and do not take preventive action. The purpose of this study was to teach a class on stroke awareness to a group of parishioners from a small community church and explore their stroke beliefs, knowledge of stroke factors, and intention to take a health action using the Health Belief Model as the theoretical framework.  Design A quantitative descriptive design, using a survey method for data collection was utilized for this research study. The setting was a community church in Orange County California. A convenience sample of 22 participants, ages 15 to 80 years old, able to read, write, and speak English were drawn from a target population of 210 members. All participants signed-up for the class on a volunteer basis. Methods A sixty minute educational session was provided to the participants in a natural setting that included strategies for identification of the signs and symptoms of a stroke, calling 911, identification of risk factors, healthy lifestyle, and current stroke treatments. Various teaching methods were used during the session, such as, lecture, Q&A, demonstration, and return demonstration. Five researcher developed questionnaires were utilized: a demographic and health questionnaire, a pre and post-test, and a Commit to Action survey to measure intention to make a healthy change. Data from the questionnaires were coded and analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequency and percentages, and paired-t-tests to find a relationship or associations within this sample. Results Self-disclosed risk factors for this sample were positive for hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, stroke, lack of exercise, unhealthy diet, and smoking. Results obtained from the pre and post-test showed that 60% of responses had statistical significance and 86% of responses had a positive change from pre to post-test. Intention to increase physical activity had the highest frequency reported by the participants on the Commit to Action survey. In particular, those age 15 to 19 years old had the most positive change in their intent to increase physical activity. Implications for nursing practice There is a need to continue to promote health education in the community. Knowing what motivates people to accept or reject health preventive care can help the nursing community design appropriate teaching interventions. Younger populations have a significant opportunity for lifestyle changes and should be included in educational interventions typically targeting adults. Faith-based organizations, community centers, and schools can effectively promote health education to the public. Further studies are needed to address the effectiveness of the teaching over a period of time.en
dc.subjectStrokeen
dc.subjectStroke awarenessen
dc.subjectCommunity educationen
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:30:00Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:30:00Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
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