The Mediating Effects of Fear of Falling on the Relationship between Muscle Strength and Depression of Community-Dwelling Older Women

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/602526
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Title:
The Mediating Effects of Fear of Falling on the Relationship between Muscle Strength and Depression of Community-Dwelling Older Women
Author(s):
Lim, Young Mi
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Non-member
Author Details:
Young Mi Lim, RN, PhD, youngmi@yonsei.ac.kr
Abstract:
Session presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Although there are many studies on the relationship between physical function and depression of older adults, few studies have identified whether muscle strength affects depression through fear of falling (whether a mediation exists), especially in older women. The purpose of the study was to explore the mediating effect of fear of falling on the relationship between muscle strength and depression among community-dwelling older women. Total sample was 163 Korean older women aged 60 and over in one small city. Instruments were Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale, Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD), and Hand Grip Strength test. Data were analyzed using multiple regressions proposed by Baron and Kenny (1986). First, muscle strength had a significant direct effect on depression (β= -.314, p < .05). For the next step, muscle strength was correlated with fear of falling (β=-.467, p < .01). In the third step, fear of falling completely mediated the relationship between muscle strength and depression (β=-.009, p > .01). The results indicate that the indirect effect of the muscle strength on the depression through fear of falling was significant. The findings have implications that these relationships can guide health professionals to develop physical exercise intervention strategies to increase self-efficacy and personal control in order to prevent ultimately depression among older women. Health professionals should play a leading role in assisting older women who undergo low physical function to ensure they have emotional strength, as this can dramatically impact their depression.
Keywords:
muscle strength; depression; fear of falling
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15SC2.58
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleThe Mediating Effects of Fear of Falling on the Relationship between Muscle Strength and Depression of Community-Dwelling Older Womenen
dc.contributor.authorLim, Young Mien
dc.contributor.departmentNon-memberen
dc.author.detailsYoung Mi Lim, RN, PhD, youngmi@yonsei.ac.kren
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/602526en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Although there are many studies on the relationship between physical function and depression of older adults, few studies have identified whether muscle strength affects depression through fear of falling (whether a mediation exists), especially in older women. The purpose of the study was to explore the mediating effect of fear of falling on the relationship between muscle strength and depression among community-dwelling older women. Total sample was 163 Korean older women aged 60 and over in one small city. Instruments were Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale, Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD), and Hand Grip Strength test. Data were analyzed using multiple regressions proposed by Baron and Kenny (1986). First, muscle strength had a significant direct effect on depression (β= -.314, p < .05). For the next step, muscle strength was correlated with fear of falling (β=-.467, p < .01). In the third step, fear of falling completely mediated the relationship between muscle strength and depression (β=-.009, p > .01). The results indicate that the indirect effect of the muscle strength on the depression through fear of falling was significant. The findings have implications that these relationships can guide health professionals to develop physical exercise intervention strategies to increase self-efficacy and personal control in order to prevent ultimately depression among older women. Health professionals should play a leading role in assisting older women who undergo low physical function to ensure they have emotional strength, as this can dramatically impact their depression.en
dc.subjectmuscle strengthen
dc.subjectdepressionen
dc.subjectfear of fallingen
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:30:57Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:30:57Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
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