Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Lebanese Women towards Breast Cancer, Breast Self-Examination and Mammography

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/602569
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Title:
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Lebanese Women towards Breast Cancer, Breast Self-Examination and Mammography
Author(s):
Abi Abdallah Doumit, Myrna; Arevian, Mary; Fares, Souha; Arevian, Mary; Fares, Souha
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Epsilon Phi
Author Details:
Myrna Abi Abdallah Doumit, RN, myrna.doumit@lau.edu.lb; Mary Arevian, RN; Souha Fares
Abstract:
Session presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Background: Breast cancer is a major global health problem. It is the most frequent malignancy that causes deaths and cancer related morbidity in women. A comparable epidemiological profile applies to Lebanon where breast cancer is the most widespread type of cancer among Lebanese women. There is universal consensus that early detection of breast cancer offers the greatest chance of long-term survival.  Purpose: Our purpose was to assess the knowledge, practices and attitudes of Lebanese women about breast self-examination( BSE), Clinical breast examination (CBE) mammography and breast cancer and  to identify potential barriers using  Champion’s’ Health Belief Model Scales. Method: Descriptive, cross sectional correlational study. We collected a national representative sample of 1200 Lebanese women who were chosen from the general Lebanese population using a proportional sampling technique. The mean  age of the women was 53.59 years.  Data collection was performed through a door-to-door survey using an interviewer- administered questionnaire using the Kish Grid approach. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Statistics (SPSS).  Results showed that 83% of the women surveyed had heard of breast self-examination (BSE). But only 63.7% of those who heard of BSE have ever done BSE.  When asked how many times during the past did you examine your breasts only 7.5 % had the correct answer. When asked about the clinical breast cancer exam 71.1% said that they know about it but only 48.9 % are planning to do it and 51.1% have ever done it. 72.3% feel good about doing the mammography. Mean belief scores follow: susceptibility of getting breast cancer (2.00);  Seriousness of the disease ( 2.82); Barriers to BSE (1.88);  confidence in doing BSE ( 3.06); health motivation (3.61); benefits and barriers to mammography (3.86 & 2.52 respectively)  Conclusion: Despite the low perceived barriers to BSE and Mammography and the high health motivation and confidence in doing BSE Lebanese women are not performing BSE regularly and following the right method.    Implications for practice: The results of this study will be used to develop culturally fit interventions to improve the responsiveness of Lebanese women to the breast cancer annual national screening campaign by determining the perceived barriers for BSE, CBE and mammography and by planning a culturally appropriate strategic approach to enhance women’s compliance with screening measures.
Keywords:
Culture; Breast cancer
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15SC2.1
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleKnowledge, Attitude and Practice of Lebanese Women towards Breast Cancer, Breast Self-Examination and Mammographyen
dc.contributor.authorAbi Abdallah Doumit, Myrnaen
dc.contributor.authorArevian, Maryen
dc.contributor.authorFares, Souhaen
dc.contributor.authorArevian, Maryen
dc.contributor.authorFares, Souhaen
dc.contributor.departmentEpsilon Phien
dc.author.detailsMyrna Abi Abdallah Doumit, RN, myrna.doumit@lau.edu.lb; Mary Arevian, RN; Souha Faresen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/602569en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Background: Breast cancer is a major global health problem. It is the most frequent malignancy that causes deaths and cancer related morbidity in women. A comparable epidemiological profile applies to Lebanon where breast cancer is the most widespread type of cancer among Lebanese women. There is universal consensus that early detection of breast cancer offers the greatest chance of long-term survival.  Purpose: Our purpose was to assess the knowledge, practices and attitudes of Lebanese women about breast self-examination( BSE), Clinical breast examination (CBE) mammography and breast cancer and  to identify potential barriers using  Champion’s’ Health Belief Model Scales. Method: Descriptive, cross sectional correlational study. We collected a national representative sample of 1200 Lebanese women who were chosen from the general Lebanese population using a proportional sampling technique. The mean  age of the women was 53.59 years.  Data collection was performed through a door-to-door survey using an interviewer- administered questionnaire using the Kish Grid approach. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Statistics (SPSS).  Results showed that 83% of the women surveyed had heard of breast self-examination (BSE). But only 63.7% of those who heard of BSE have ever done BSE.  When asked how many times during the past did you examine your breasts only 7.5 % had the correct answer. When asked about the clinical breast cancer exam 71.1% said that they know about it but only 48.9 % are planning to do it and 51.1% have ever done it. 72.3% feel good about doing the mammography. Mean belief scores follow: susceptibility of getting breast cancer (2.00);  Seriousness of the disease ( 2.82); Barriers to BSE (1.88);  confidence in doing BSE ( 3.06); health motivation (3.61); benefits and barriers to mammography (3.86 & 2.52 respectively)  Conclusion: Despite the low perceived barriers to BSE and Mammography and the high health motivation and confidence in doing BSE Lebanese women are not performing BSE regularly and following the right method.    Implications for practice: The results of this study will be used to develop culturally fit interventions to improve the responsiveness of Lebanese women to the breast cancer annual national screening campaign by determining the perceived barriers for BSE, CBE and mammography and by planning a culturally appropriate strategic approach to enhance women’s compliance with screening measures.en
dc.subjectCultureen
dc.subjectBreast canceren
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:32:00Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:32:00Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
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