Utilizing Music Therapy as an Intervention to Decrease Anxiety in Respiratory Compromised Patients

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/602641
Category:
Full-text
Format:
Text-based Document
Type:
Poster
Title:
Utilizing Music Therapy as an Intervention to Decrease Anxiety in Respiratory Compromised Patients
Author(s):
Bantle-Felt, Jenifer; Mielke, Cathy; Abcejo, Sunnimpha; Mielke, Cathy; Abcejo, Sunnimpha
Lead Author STTI Affiliation:
Pi Phi
Author Details:
Jenifer Bantle-Felt, RN, jenibantle@gmail.com; Cathy Mielke, RN, APRN; Sunnimpha Abcejo, RN
Abstract:
Session presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Purpose- Many patients in the Respiratory Care Unit (RCU) have suffered respiratory failure and as a result require mechanical ventilation, BiPAP or other oxygen delivery devices. These lifesaving interventions are commonly associated with high levels of anxiety. This anxiety may interfere with ventilator liberation, sleep and participation in therapy. The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of music therapy as an intervention to decrease anxiety in RCU patients. Background– Because uncontrolled anxiety can have devastating results, healthcare providers depend on the use of sedative medications to alleviate the symptoms of anxiety. However, these medications have potential risks and adverse effects that may further complicate and lengthen patients' recovery. In light of the potentially damaging effects of sedative medications, nurses are exploring effective and alternative interventions, such as music to decrease anxiety and promote patient healing. Methods- A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used in this study involving 29 adult RCU patients selected by convenience sampling. The participants received the music therapy session with preferred music selection via headphones for 30 minutes. State anxiety levels were obtained utilizing a 100mm visual analog scale and physiological indicators of anxiety such as blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate and oxygen saturation where measured immediately before and after the music therapy intervention. Patient satisfaction was measured with a yes/no survey regarding enjoyment of the music session. Data was analyzed for statistical significance using a two-tailed paired T-test. Results- The study found patients ( n =29) who listened to a 30 minute music session showed statistically significant decreases in physiological indicators of anxiety such as systolic blood pressure ( p = 0.0003), mean blood pressure ( p = 0.04), heart rate ( p = 0.0006), and respiratory rate ( p = .0001). There were no significant differences with diastolic blood pressure ( p = 0.17) and oxygen saturation ( p = 0.531) when comparing the pre and post-test assessment. The study concluded a mean 27 point reduction of patient state anxiety levels on a 0-100 visual analog scale as well as 96.6% patient satisfaction rate. Conclusion– The statistically significant values that were measured (systolic and mean blood pressure, respiratory rate and heart rate) after music therapy were indicative of a decrease in the physiological responses to anxiety. As a subjective measurement, a decrease in patient’s perception of anxiety as well as satisfaction with the intervention was evident with music therapy. This study found music therapy to be an effective tool to assist in the reduction of anxiety in patients in the RCU and indicate a benefit of implementing music therapy into the daily patient care plan with continued evaluation.
Keywords:
Music; Respiratory compromised; Anxiety
Repository Posting Date:
21-Mar-2016
Date of Publication:
21-Mar-2016
Other Identifiers:
CONV15SC2.7
Conference Date:
2015
Conference Name:
43rd Biennial Convention
Conference Host:
Sigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursing
Conference Location:
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Description:
43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.type.categoryFull-texten
dc.formatText-based Documenten
dc.typePosteren
dc.titleUtilizing Music Therapy as an Intervention to Decrease Anxiety in Respiratory Compromised Patientsen
dc.contributor.authorBantle-Felt, Jeniferen
dc.contributor.authorMielke, Cathyen
dc.contributor.authorAbcejo, Sunnimphaen
dc.contributor.authorMielke, Cathyen
dc.contributor.authorAbcejo, Sunnimphaen
dc.contributor.departmentPi Phien
dc.author.detailsJenifer Bantle-Felt, RN, jenibantle@gmail.com; Cathy Mielke, RN, APRN; Sunnimpha Abcejo, RNen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/602641en
dc.description.abstractSession presented on Monday, November 9, 2015 and Tuesday, November 10, 2015: Purpose- Many patients in the Respiratory Care Unit (RCU) have suffered respiratory failure and as a result require mechanical ventilation, BiPAP or other oxygen delivery devices. These lifesaving interventions are commonly associated with high levels of anxiety. This anxiety may interfere with ventilator liberation, sleep and participation in therapy. The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of music therapy as an intervention to decrease anxiety in RCU patients. Background– Because uncontrolled anxiety can have devastating results, healthcare providers depend on the use of sedative medications to alleviate the symptoms of anxiety. However, these medications have potential risks and adverse effects that may further complicate and lengthen patients' recovery. In light of the potentially damaging effects of sedative medications, nurses are exploring effective and alternative interventions, such as music to decrease anxiety and promote patient healing. Methods- A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used in this study involving 29 adult RCU patients selected by convenience sampling. The participants received the music therapy session with preferred music selection via headphones for 30 minutes. State anxiety levels were obtained utilizing a 100mm visual analog scale and physiological indicators of anxiety such as blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate and oxygen saturation where measured immediately before and after the music therapy intervention. Patient satisfaction was measured with a yes/no survey regarding enjoyment of the music session. Data was analyzed for statistical significance using a two-tailed paired T-test. Results- The study found patients ( n =29) who listened to a 30 minute music session showed statistically significant decreases in physiological indicators of anxiety such as systolic blood pressure ( p = 0.0003), mean blood pressure ( p = 0.04), heart rate ( p = 0.0006), and respiratory rate ( p = .0001). There were no significant differences with diastolic blood pressure ( p = 0.17) and oxygen saturation ( p = 0.531) when comparing the pre and post-test assessment. The study concluded a mean 27 point reduction of patient state anxiety levels on a 0-100 visual analog scale as well as 96.6% patient satisfaction rate. Conclusion– The statistically significant values that were measured (systolic and mean blood pressure, respiratory rate and heart rate) after music therapy were indicative of a decrease in the physiological responses to anxiety. As a subjective measurement, a decrease in patient’s perception of anxiety as well as satisfaction with the intervention was evident with music therapy. This study found music therapy to be an effective tool to assist in the reduction of anxiety in patients in the RCU and indicate a benefit of implementing music therapy into the daily patient care plan with continued evaluation.en
dc.subjectMusicen
dc.subjectRespiratory compromiseden
dc.subjectAnxietyen
dc.date.available2016-03-21T16:33:34Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03-21en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-21T16:33:34Zen
dc.conference.date2015en
dc.conference.name43rd Biennial Conventionen
dc.conference.hostSigma Theta Tau International, the Honor Society of Nursingen
dc.conference.locationLas Vegas, Nevada, USAen
dc.description43rd Biennial Convention 2015 Theme: Serve Locally, Transform Regionally, Lead Globally.`en
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.